During World War II, over thirty countries participated in an all-out war that claimed many millions of lives. The stated beginning of WWII was September 1, 1939, when Nazi Germany invaded Poland. Canada entered the war on September 10, 1939, and within two months the first Canadian troops arrived in the U.K. to support British troops. Take our quiz and test your knowledge about Canada in WWII!
This should be an easy one: what was the date that Canada officially entered WWII?
December 5, 1941
September 10, 1939
The United States was attacked by Japan at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii on December 7, 1941; we declared war the next day. But Canada entered the war more than two years earlier than we did, when they agreed to help the British forces on September 10, 1939. Their troops were in Europe a mere two months later.
What was Canada’s original role in WWII, when they first sent troops to the U.K.?
Supplement the British Expeditionary Forces (BEF)
When the Canadian forces first arrived in the United Kingdom, their duty was to supplement the British Expeditionary Forces in defense of the British Isles. Halfway around the world, Canadian forces fought alongside the British, Indian and Hong Kong forces in defense of the British colony of Hong Kong, until the surrender on December 25, 1941.
5,000 Canadian troops took part in what famous raid on August 19, 1942?
5,000 Canadians took part in the raid - 1,000 were killed, 2,000 were taken prisoner, and the remaining 2,000 soldiers managed to make it back to jolly old England. More Canadians were killed when they assisted the British Eighth Army in the invasion of Sicily on July 10, 1943.
The Canadians landed in Normandy on June 6, 1944, with the Allied invasion forces. What was the first major city they helped take in that invasion?
The Canadians were part of the Allied invasion forces that landed on the beaches of Normandy in 1944. They first took Caen, then advanced along the Pas-De-Calais and took Dieppe on September 1. They fought alongside the British troops in freeing the Scheldt Estuary, which allowed the first Allied convoy to arrive at Antwerp, Belgium, in November 1944.
At the University of Toronto, Wilbur Franks developed the Franks Flying Suit that was lined with fluid and fit snugly, to counteract the displacement of blood in G-force situations. It was used by the Royal Navy’s Fleet Air Arm but never fully adopted by the air force.
What did the WWII mortar have in common with missiles, to stabilize flight?
Missiles had more sets of fins or wings, but mortars did have a set of fins to stabilize their flight. In addition to the fins, mortars also had a propellant charge affixed to their tail ends, to be ignited upon contact with a firing pin on the base after being dropped in the barrel.
What other land did the Canadians help to liberate during this time?
Some Canadians went northerly and fought to liberate the Netherlands from the Nazis, while others fought in the Battle of Germany. Their bravery and sacrifice made it possible for the Netherlands to once again be a free nation, out from under the oppressive thumb of the Nazi regime.
During WWII, how many military vehicles did Canada produce?
The Canadians built 815,729 military vehicles during the course of the war. This was in addition to their production of arms, ships and aircraft. As was the case in many countries, women helped to keep the factories going during wartime.
What territory in Germany did the Canadians attack in February 1945?
The Canadian First Army attacked the Germans in the Reichswald (Imperial Forest) and successfully drove them back across the Rhine. Subsequently, the Germans surrendered to General Montgomery at Luneburg Heath in May 1945.
During World War II, the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) consisted of close to 100,000 men and almost 400 vessels. What was the primary duty of the RCN?
Escort convoys across the Atlantic
Support amphibious landings in Normandy, Sicily and Italy
All of the above
The Royal Canadian Navy, with their nearly 100,000 men and 400 vessels, provided escort for Allied ships traveling across the Atlantic Ocean, ferrying supplies and men to the European theatre. Another duty included hunting U-boats (German submarines) of the famed German Wolf Packs, the biggest danger to Allied convoys. They also provided support for amphibious landings at Normandy, Sicily and Italy.
How many naval vessels did Canada have at the start of World War II?
At the onset of World War II, Canada had a total of seven vessels in its navy. However, by the end of the war Canada boasted the third largest navy in the world, with nearly 400 vessels. Canada made over 25,000 successful escort crossings, overseeing the delivery of nearly 165 million tons of cargo to further the Allied war effort.
What was an issue with the Royal Canadian Navy ship, HMCS Uganda?
Low morale, due to strict discipline
Low morale due to strict discipline on the HMCS Uganda caused the Canadian government to make a change that only volunteers would serve overseas. Approximately 600 of the 900 crew voted to register their desire to not serve overseas. On July 27, 1945, the Uganda was relieved of duty by the HMS Argonaut.
What did the country have only one of, used to study the effects of high-altitude flight on air crew?
The University of Toronto had the only decompression chamber and used it to focus on the air force’s needs. It was used to study the effects of high-altitude flight on aircrews. The university also focused on G-force problems and centrifugal force on fighter pilots.
What Canadian ships were sunk on September 5, 1942, in waters near Newfoundland?
The HMS Titanic and the HMS Lusitania
The SS Minnow and the HMS Queen Latifah
The carriers SS Saganaga and SS Lord Strathcona
The carriers SS Saganaga and SS Lord Strathcona were sunk by German U-boat U-513 on September 5, 1942. These two carriers were sunk, then two more were sunk, the SS Rosecastle and the PLM 27, on November 2. All four ships were torpedoed in the Atlantic Ocean at Bell Island, Newfoundland. The passenger ferry SS Caribou was sunk on October 14, 1942, in the Cabot Straight. There were also sightings of U-boats in the rivers in that area. Notably, a Japanese submarine shelled Estevan Point Lighthouse on Vancouver Island on the West Coast.
How many squadrons from the Royal Canadian Air Force served in the European theatre?
While some of the Royal Canadian Air Force stayed in Canada, hunting U-boats, 48 squadrons were in the European theatre. The most recognized of these squadrons was Group No. 6, an RCAF formation in bomber command.
What side was the steering wheel on for the Sexton 25-Pounder Self-Propelled gun?
From the left
From the right
Because it was produced for the British and Canadian armies, the Sexton 25-Pounder Self-Propelled Gun was driven from the position of the right-hand side, just like when you drive in Britain. All vehicles produced by the British and Canadian armies were handled from the right.
At what trajectory must a projectile be fired to be considered a “mortar”?
WWII saw the use of mortars by infantry for immediate fire support. Any smooth bore weapon that projected an explosive projectile over short distances at 45 degrees or above from an inclined barrel on a fixed base plate was technically a mortar. They were usually supported by a bipod or tripod.
What name were the 2nd Canadian Corps’ Priests changed to in WWII, after being modified?
As a number of modifications had to be made to fix the new Sexton SP 25-Pounder Guns, the conversions left the 2nd Canadian Corps’ Priests useless. They were modified and called Kangaroo personnel carriers, and were used during the 1944 Operation Totalize.
At the beginning of World War II, Canada didn’t have much of an air force, but by the end of WWII it had the _____ largest air force.
Consisting primarily of aircraft from the United States and Great Britain, the Royal Canadian Air Force came to be the fourth largest air force in the world by the end of World War II. Canada did, however, design and build many of its own aircraft. By the end of the war, the country had developed quite the impressive aero industry.
What did the Royal Canadian Navy do outside of domestic waters?
They fought with the British
They were assigned to the British fleet but saw no combat
They carried supplies and troops
They were assigned to the British fleet, but only one ship saw combat
While three ships (the cruisers HMCS Ontario and HMCS Uganda, and the armed merchant cruiser HMCS Prince Robert) were with the British Pacific fleet, only the HMCS Uganda saw action against the Japanese.
Which of these was the self-propelled artillery gun on the Canadian Ram medium tank?
Although not designed for firing on the move, the British SP field gun was used by Canada as towed pieces to deploy indirect fire. They were supported by gunners who couldn’t see the target but were helped in aim by a FOO (Forward Observation Officer).
Approximately how many Aboriginal Canadians served during World War II?
At least 3,000
At least 3,000 Status Indians enlisted during WWII - and some were women. In addition, some Metis and Inuit citizens served, but their numbers are unknown. At least 17 medals for bravery were awarded to Aboriginal Canadians.
What was the meaning of SP, when it came to artillery?
With the mobility of a tank and the firepower of a field gun, the self-propelled (SP) artillery was first developed in the Great War and then developed further for the following wars. The main reason more tanks were not made was the cheapness of the SP tank destroyers and mobile guns comparatively, as they lacked the turret of the tank.
What were the Blackburn Shark, Fairey Swordfish and Fairey Albacore?
Nicknames for famous Canadian WWII pilots
The Blackburn Shark, Fairey Swordfish and Fairey Albacore were all torpedo bombers, flown by the Royal Canadian Air Force. No, seriously, they named some of their attack planes after mythical creatures and fish.