How Much Do You Know About Different Fuel Types?

By: Annette
Estimated Completion Time
2 min
How many refineries are in the U.S.?
less than 10
50
about 140
There are about 140 refineries in the US alone. The largest is Motiva Enterprises' Port Arthur, Texas, refinery.

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What is the aggregate crude oil processing capacity of the U.S.?
100,000 barrels/day
1 million barrels/day
18 million barrels/day
The US is capable of processing 18 million barrels of crude oil per day. Now that's a lot of oil!

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How many tank barges are in the U.S.?
400
1,000
3,300
There are 3,300 tank barges in the US. They're located on the coasts, in the Great Lakes and also in U.S. rivers.

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Gasoline is a mixture of what?
Pholoenzymes
Hydrocarbons
Gasoline is defined as a mixture of hydrocarbons, along with additives and blending agents, and it's used as automotive fuel. Gasoline powers spark-ignition internal combustion engines.
Retrogrades

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What does the octane rating measure?
Anti-knock properties
Uneven combustion properties
Both
The octane rating measures both the anti-knock and uneven combustion properties of motor gasoline. You'll often hear the team "high-octane."

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Diesel fuel is used for ______.
Sports cars
Motorcycles
Trucks
Diesel fuel is used for heavy-duty​ trucks that have a compression ignition engine. Diesel fuel is also a mixture of hydrocarbons.

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What is heating oil used for?
Burners
Furnaces
Both
Heating oil is also a mixture of hydrocarbons, but it's used for burners and furnaces. It must meet the same specifications as other kinds of oil.

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How many miles of crude oil pipeline are in the U.S.?
1,000 miles
2,000 miles
72,000 miles
There are 72,000 miles of crude oil pipeline in the US. In total, U.S. energy pipelines stretch over 2.4 million miles.

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What is the largest volume petroleum product?
Diesel
Gasoline
Gasoline is by far the largest volume petroleum product. It accounts for nearly half of the U.S. petroleum production.
Jet Fuel

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Diesel accounts for what percentage of average production at a refinery?
15%
Diesel accounts for 15% of the average production at a domestic refinery. There are also about 100,000 tank trucks in the U.S.
30%
45%

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Are motor gasoline and aviation gasoline different?
Yes
Gasoline used for motors is different than gasoline used in aviation. Motor gasoline is either reformulated or conventional.
No

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Which of these runs on diesel?
Forklifts
Ships
Locomotives
All of the above
All of these run on diesel fuel. Farm tractors, bulldozers, backhoes and cranes run on diesel as well.

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Do refineries also generate non-fuel products?
Yes
In fact, refineries make a huge amount of non-fuel products. These include asphalt, lubricants, road oil, solvents and wax.
No

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Which are distillate fuel oils?
Diesel fuel
Heating oil
Both
Both of these fall under the umbrella of distillate fuel oils. The classification includes diesel fuel and heating oil.

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Do jets get their own fuel?
Yes
Jets most definitely get their own specufic fuel. Jet fuel is a unique mixture of hydrocarbons used for commercial and military aircraft.
No

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What do you call pure carbon residue?
Petroleum coke
Petroleum coke is used to describe a pure carbon residue. This is one of the non-fuel products of refineries.
Petroleum pepsi
Petroleum expo

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How much fuel is in a barrel?
5 gallons
20 gallons
42 gallons
There are 42 gallons of fuel in one U.S. barrel. That's a heck of a lot of fuel.

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What is the U.S. demand for gasoline per day?
1 million barrels
2 million barrels
9 million barrels
To be more specific, the demand in 2016 was 9.3 million barrels per day. The demand for distillate fuel oil was 3.9 million barrels per day.

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What is the demand for jet fuel per day?
100,000 barrels
500,000 barrels
1.6 million barrels
The demand for jet fuel in the US per day is 1.6 million barrels, as of 2016. Combine that with the other petroleum products, and you have a daily demand of 17.2 million barrels.

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How much gasoline does the U.S. produce per day?
1 million gallons
5 million gallons
10 million​ gallons
The US produces 10 million gallons of gasoline per day. It also produces 4.8 million gallons of distillate fuel.

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How much of our crude oil is imported?
1%
5%
45%
45% of our crude oil is imported from other countries. But 95% of refined petroleum demand is produced domestically.

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East Coast refineries contribute how much to local demand?
30%
The East Coast refineries can only supply about 30% of their needs. That's why they need to import or gain supply from the Gulf Coast.
50%
75%

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Who is self-sufficient, in terms of fuel?
Midwest
West Coast
The West Coast and the Rocky Mountains are the only regions in the US that are self-sufficient. The Midwest relies upon the East and Gulf Coasts.
Neither

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Petroleum products travel _____ ?
Fast
Slowly
Petroleum products travel very slowly from one destination to the next. It can take up to two weeks just to make it through a pipeline.

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Petroleum products move from region to region via ______ ?
Pipelines
Barges
Both
These are the two main methods of moving petroleum from region to region. Both of these methods are very slow.

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Biodiesel is made from _______.
Coal
Oil
Renewable​ sources
Biodiesel is made from renewable sources. These include vegetables, grain oils, lard and tallow.

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Unfortunately, biodiesel is susceptible to what?
Shortage
Spoiling
Contamination​
Biodiesel is remarkably susceptible to contamination by hydrocarbon utilizing microorganisms. This is a downside to this renewable source of energy.

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Flex-fuel cars in Australia run on what?
B76 fuel
E85 fuel
There are only a few models of vehicle that can run off E85 fuel. These are known as flex-fuel vehicles, and you'll find them in Australia.
P89 fuel

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Do all vehicles perform better on high-octane fuels?
Yes
No
The truth is that some vehicles will perform better, while others will not. It depends on the sophistication of your car's engine management system.

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What do low viscosity engine oils do?
Reduce fuel use
Lower emissions
Improve responsiveness
All of the above
Low viscosity engine oils are designed to reduce fuel use, lower emissions, and improve engine responsiveness. That being said, low viscosity​ oils are not for all engines.

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Petroleum is known as a _____ energy source.
Primary
Petroleum is known as a primary energy source. Other primary sources include coal, natural gas, renewable energy and nuclear electric power.
Secondary

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Electricity is a _____ energy source.
Primary
Secondary
Electricity is a secondary energy source. That means that it is generated from one of the primary energy sources.

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Petroleum provides how much of the energy used to generate electricity?
1%
Petroleum provides only 1% of the energy that is used to generate electricity. But it also provides 92% of the energy needed for transportation.
30%
50%

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How many major fossil fuels are there?
1
2
3
There are three major fossil fuels. These include petroleum, natural gas, and coal. Natural gas accounts for about 33% of the nation's energy production, and petroleum for 28%.

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What does NGPL stand for?
Natural Geo-Planning Literature
Neo Graphic Platonic Love
Natural Gas Plant Liquids
Natural Gas Plant Liquids are on the rise. These are a mixture of hydrocarbon gas liquids that are extracted from natural gas.

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