How Much Do You Know About Helicopters?

TECH

By: Annette

5 Min Quiz

Image: Wiki commons

About This Quiz

Helicopters are remarkably agile aircraft. They're used in wartime and peacetime, and they have a history that may surprise you. In this quiz, we're going to separate the true helicopter fans from the rest. Have you got what it takes?

Helicopters are able to take off and land _____.

Helicopters are able to take off and land vertically, which no other flying craft can do. They're also able to fly in different directions.

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Helicopters get their lift and thrust from spinning _____.

Helicopters get their lift and thrust from spinning rotors. These rotors have two or more blades.

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Helicopters have a small blade in the tail to counteract the _____ effect.

Helicopters have a small rotor in the tail which counters the torque effect. This stops the helicopter from spinning in the opposite direction from the propeller.

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To lift heavier objects, some helicopters have rotors which spin ______.

In order to lift heavier objects, some helicopters have two horizontal rotors - coaxial rotors - that spin in opposite directions. However, not all helicopters are designed this way.

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Helicopters are the most useful for _____.

Helicopters are the most useful for rescue situations. This is because they're able to access hard-to-reach places.

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Helicopters are useful for ______.

Helicopters are useful in all of the above situations. They're also great for aerial photography and military activity.

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Some limitations of helicopters include _____.

All of the above are limitations of helicopters. For long-distance travel, you're best off with a fixed wing aircraft.

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Vertical flight was invented in what country?

Vertical flight was actually invented in China in 400 BC. Children played with flying toys that created lift when spun.

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Who designed what looked like the first helicopter?

In the 1480s, Leonardo da Vinci designed what looked like the first helicopter. It was described as an "aerial screw."

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The first working helicopter flew in ______.

The first working helicopter flew in 1923. The inventor and pilot was Juan de la Cierva, who died believing that helicopters would never be practical.

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What's the fastest speed record of a helicopter?

The fastest speed record for a helicopter is around 400 kph, by the Airbus Racer. This translates to roughly 250 mph.

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What's the longest distance ever traveled by a helicopter?

The longest distance traveled by a helicopter is 3,562 km. That translates to roughly 2,213 miles.

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Helicopters carry water in _____ .

Helicopters are great for fighting fires. They carry large tanks known as helibuckets which are filled with water.

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What's the most challenging helicopter skill?

Hovering is the most difficult skill for helicopter operators. It's particularly difficult to keep steady with gusty winds.

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Helicopters with four rotors are called _____.

Quadcopters have four rotors, and are also known as quadrotors. The small ones are popular among amateur enthusiasts and the military.

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What is the most popular nickname for helicopters?

A common nickname for helicopters is "chopper." "Dragonfly" is another.

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There was a helicopter in 1861, but it _____.

There was a craft called a helicopter in 1861. The only problem was that it could not get off the ground!

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When the engine stops, what happens to the rotors?

When the engine stops, the rotors continue to spin. This means that a helicopter can land safely even when the engine dies.

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How many helicopters are in operation today?

There are over 50,000 helicopters in operation today. This includes military helicopters.

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The nut that holds the rotor to the shaft is called the ______ nut.

The nut that holds the main rotor to the shaft of the helicopter is called the "Jesus nut." One pilot famously said, "Jesus, if that nut comes off...."

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The Russian helicopter MIL Mi-12 Homer was famous for its _____ .

The Russian helicopter MIL Mi-12 Homer was known for how much it could lift. It could haul 40,205 kg to a height of 2,255 meters. That's 97,455 pounds lifted to 7,398 feet!

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The helicopter was first used for a rescue in what year?

The helicopter was first used for a rescue in 1944. Helicopters have saved more than 3 million lives since then.

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Helicopters are also called what?

Aside from being called choppers, helicopters have many other names. These include helos, whirlybirds and copters.

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The famous helicopter crash of 2002 in Chechnya resulted from ______.

The famous helicopter crash in Chechnya resulted from too much weight. There were 147 people on board, which greatly exceeded the helicopter's capacity of 85.

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The advancing rotor blade can exceed the speed of ______.

The advancing rotor blade is sometimes able to exceed the speed of sound, but the resulting performance is not that great. That being said, helicopters are still slower than airplanes.

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Helicopters are designed to withstand their abnormal ______.

Helicopters are designed to withstand their very high vibration. If they weren't designed so well, the vibration would break them apart.

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Helicopters are often used for _____.

Helicopters are often used for photography and film. In fact, some of your favorite shots in movies have been filmed in a helicopter.

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What does VTOL stand for?

Helicopters are also known as VTOLs, or vertical takeoff and landing crafts. They are technically a type of airplane.

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To control the helicopter, the pilot uses _____ .

To control the direction of the helicopter, the pilot uses a foot pedal and two pitch sticks. He/she also gets to wear cool headphones!

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How long did it take to circle the Earth in a helicopter?

Specifically, it took 29 days, 3 hours, 8 minutes and 13 seconds to circle the Earth in a helicopter. It was accomplished by H. Ross Perot Jr. and J.W. Coburn.

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NASA is studying the possible use of helicopters where?

NASA is studying the possible use of helicopters on Mars. That would be one hot chopper, for sure

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A helicopter gets its lift from what?

Helicopters generate a tremendous amount of air, and this air lifts them into the sky. Its rotors are kind of like "spinning wings."

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When was the steam-driven chopper invented?

The first steam-powered chopper was invented in 1843 - in theory anyway. William Henson patented the idea.

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Helicopters are great for carrying what?

Helicopters are great for carrying all these things and so much more. They are used for delivering supplies during wartime, as well.

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Which is safer?

Although most aircrafts are incredibly safe, helicopters experience slightly more crashes than airplanes do. But that shouldn't deter you from flying in one!

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