How Much Do You Know About Masonry?

By: Heather Cahill
Estimated Completion Time
3 min
How Much Do You Know About Masonry?
Image: Shutterstock

About This Quiz

Lego was just the start of your building career! Masonry is a trade that involves making beautiful walls or floors out of bricks, stones and other materials. It's an important job to perfect, as the goal is to make these structures last for years and years to come. If you think you know all about masonry, then this is the quiz for you!

Do you know what is used to make the bricks stick together? What do you know about damp proofing and its purpose? Do you know what veneer masonry is? If you can answer those, then tell us what the term "blending" means to a masonry professional! You'll need to know the fundamentals to get a good score on this quiz.

Do you know what the sides of each stone are called? Do you know the terms associated with the trade? What about the meaning of acronyms used in masonry? You've gotta talk the talk  to fully understand masonry as well!

Masonry is an important part of construction, as well as a form of art. If you think you know all about the trade, then what are you waiting for? Take the quiz to find out if you could make it in masonry!

Which of the following would not be used for building in masonry?
ice blocks
Ice blocks are not commonly used in masonry. It may be a good thing that they aren't used. Who would want their building to melt?! It may be good for building an igloo, however!
bricks
marble
stone

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What does "CMU" stand for?
Country Monument Units
Calibrated Measurement Units
Center of Mass Units
Concrete Masonry Units
Concrete Masonry Units is measured in concrete blocks. These units are considered the standard for building brick walls. They also make things more efficient.

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What is needed to keep masonry work intact for years to come?
strong foundations
With the use of strong foundations, masonry work can stay intact and strong for many years. If it was built on soft earth for example, it would be extremely detrimental for the whole building.
stones
clay
sand

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What title does someone who works in masonry take on?
magician
building maker
brick stacker
mason
A person who works in masonry is typically called a mason. There are other names as well that are more literal, such as brick layer or even a kind of architect.

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Is it true or false that a template is used to create a brick?
True
False
This is false. A template is typically used or help with building a wall or floor. It gives details on how high and wide a building must be.

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Aside from mortar, what else can make a wall strong?
width
where it is built
height
friction
Friction is another way that a brick wall can stay strong. The friction can be impacted by the placement of the blocks as well.

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What term is used for a row of bricks?
course
Rows of bricks are called courses by masons. However, they only take on this name if they are laid in place. How many courses would it take to complete your house if it was made of bricks?
stack
line
row

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What can affect the final look of a brick wall?
the mortar
the amount of courses
the height
the style of brick
The style of bricks will affect the final look of a wall. Generally, the style of brick would all depend on the preferences of the owner of the building and how they wanted it to look.

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Which of the following materials is used so that you can somewhat see through the wall?
concrete blocks
bricks
cinder blocks
glass blocks
Glass blocks are used in this case. They not only have a very nice look to them, but you can often see through them as well.

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Is it true or false that tread is the term used for the bottom step stone?
True
False
This is false. A tread is actually the opposite, as it is located at the top of each step. It is the surface you step on when going up the stairs.

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What shape does ashlar masonry commonly take on?
rectangle
Ashlar masonry is most commonly rectangular. Did you know that this type of stone is among the finest of all type of stone used in masonry work?
triangle
circle
diamond

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What does "rise" refer to?
the amount of stones used
the density of a stone
the type of stone
the height of a stone
The height of a stone is called the "rise." This is usually used in reference to one stone.What is the rise of your stone?

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The term blending refers to what in masonry?
the size of the masonry project
the type of masonry
the structure of the masonry
the look of the masonry
Blending refers to the look of the masonry. It is most noticeable through the pattern of the bricks used and how they look when placed together in the wall.

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What keeps the blocks together?
water
glue
clay
mortar
It is extremely important to keep the material that you're building with together in masonry. Mortar is often used in between the material for this exact purpose.

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Is it true or false that you should know the types of rocks if you work as a mason?
True
This is true. This is very important, as they all have their differences. These are materials that all masons will have to work with at one point in their careers!
False

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What side of the stone is called a "face"?
the part that shows
The "face" of a stone is the part that you can see when looking at a wall. It makes sense to name it that, as the surface is in fact "facing" you!
the backside
the left side
the right side

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What are gabions made of?
concrete
wood
steel
an assortment of material
Gabions are made of a mixture of steel and stone. These are an alternative type of material used for building as well.

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What is veneer masonry?
It's a safer form of the trade.
It's regular masonry.
It's masonry work approved by the city.
It's for the aesthetic.
Veneer masonry is a form of masonry that is used to achieve a certain look. In order to achieve it, it compromises the structure of the bricks as it matters a little less in these cases.

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What is the purpose of an anchor?
to act as a base
to pull the structure when needed
to push the structure over during demolition
to secure the masonry
The purpose of an anchor is to provide security to the masonry work. Anchors come in a variety of different forms, such as wall ties.

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Is it true or false that masonry can involve flooring as well?
True
This is true. Masonry is more than just building standing structures. It can include beautiful marble flooring or brick fireplaces as well!
False

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What is the process of applying mortar called?
bonding
blasting
buttering
This process is known as buttering. If you've ever seen it in action, you'll understand why! Mortar is applied with a trowel, which looks a lot like a knife when used.
bordering

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What does clean stone not have?
dust
Clean stone doesn't have dust in it, making it a great choice for masonry. It's made from crushed stone, enabling it to be used for a variety of different purposes such as things like concrete.
stone
holes
rock

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What is bond stone used for?
the primary bricks in the wall
anchoring
Bond stone is used as an anchor, although it does have other purposes as well. Another thing it is used for is in veneers for the material that is already laid down.
the aesthetic of the finished product
the security of residential homes

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Which of the following is not a type of finish?
brushed
face
friction
"Friction" is not a type of finish. The other types listed, are all different types that look different once applied. For example, a brushed finish will often show where the bristles of the brush were.
honed

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Is it true or false that caulking is used in masonry?
True
This is true. Caulking is important in keeping the brick work or stone work sealed. It can keep the water out of the cracks of the work.
False

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Damp proofing prevents what from entering?
bugs
mice
moisture
Damp proofing is used to do just what it says – keep out the dampness and moisture from a building. It is also used in many other types of construction other than masonry for the same purpose.
unwanted visitors

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What is the name of the stone used at the bottom of a window?
lintel
palletized
schist
sill
This is called the "sill," which will typically run along the entire bottom part of the window. The top stone is known as a "lintel" which is essentially the same, but it runs along the top.

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Which of the following would be considered a "fissure"?
a wall without mortar
a half finished wall
a broken brick
a small scratch on a surface
A "fissure" is a scratch on the surface of an object. It could be on the surface of a brick, but it will only affect the look of it as the scratch is small and shallow.

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Where does the keystone go in an arch?
in the center
The keystone goes in the center of the arch, and it also is the last to be placed. It plays a huge role in the security and strength of the arch and wall itself.
on the left
on the right
anywhere it fits

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Is it true or false that weather can affect masonry over time?
True
This is true. Weather can have a large effect on masonry work. Weather can cause it to erode or become more dull.
False

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What does a dry wall not have?
mortar
Don't get it confused with drywall, another type of wall used in construction! Dry wall in masonry does not use mortar between the stones. Instead, the stones are stacked on top of one another in a strategic way.
moisture
cracks
depth

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What is often used in foundations?
granite
talc
marble
rubble
Rubble is often used in the foundations of masonry. You might think of rubble after a building falls down, but this type actually helps it!

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What can be used to repel water on masonry work?
plastic wrap
umbrellas
a coat of paint
silicone
Silicone is used for this purpose. It keeps the water away from the materials which keeps it looking and functioning its best.

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What name is used for a pattern of stone that does not actually follow a pattern at all?
irregular
block
randomized
mosaic
This is called a mosaic. These patterns come in all different ways, and are typically made up with an array of colored stones of different shapes and sizes that make the final product unique.

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Is it true or false that masonry can eliminate damage from a fire?
True
This is true. Masonry work won't burn like most other parts of a structure. This makes it great for building and preventing more damage from fire.
False

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