How Much Do You Know About Texas History?

By: Becky Stigall
Estimated Completion Time
3 min
How Much Do You Know About Texas History?
Image: Shutterstock

About This Quiz

Deep in the heart of Texas are citizens whose hearts are full of the love of Texas history. Are you one of these people? Heck, even if you are not a citizen of Texas, you might think you know enough about Texas history to undertake this quiz. If you believe you've got what it takes to master this quiz, prove it.

The state of Texas has a long and storied history, from its former connection to the country of Mexico to its annexation by the United States in the mid-1800s. Texas has changed hands numerous times before becoming a state, once belonging to Spain, France, Mexico, and the Republic of Texas, settling, of course, as the 28th state of the United States of America. 

Unlike many other states, the lands of Texas were the stage of international wars and internal struggles. And still, Texas remains unique. With a population that boasts natives and immigrants, the state of Texas brings aspects of culture to the union that many other states can't match. Texans will tell you this, too.

So, if you are a Texas history buff, or you're a citizen who thinks he knows his stuff, let's find out just how much you really know.

What country threatened war if the United States accepted Texas as a state?
Brazil
Mexico
Peru
Canada
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

Mexico threatened war if the United States accepted Texas as a state. The threat, of course, did not stop Texas' statehood.

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What notorious event occurred in Texas on November 22, 1963?
The assassination of President John F. Kennedy
The assassination of President Abraham Lincoln
The assassination of President Lyndon B. Johnson
The assassination of President George Washington
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

The assassination of President John F. Kennedy occurred in Dallas, Texas, on November 22, 1963.

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What event made Texas a major economic player in the early 20th century?
The Mexican-American War
The Oil Boom
The Alamo
The secession of Canada
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

The Oil Boom made Texas a major economic player in the early 20th century. The oil boom took place during the first four decades of the 1900s.

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What natural disaster leveled Galveston, Texas, on September 8, 1900?
Hurricane
Earthquake
Tornado
Tsunami
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

On September 8, 1900, a hurricane leveled the city of Galveston, Texas. The hurricane was a category 4.

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One of the most memorable battles of the Texas Revolution took place at the _______.
Ocean
Mountains
Alamo
Border
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

One of the most memorable battles of the Texas Revolution took place at the Alamo. The Alamo was a Roman-Catholic mission in San Antonio.

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Texas seceded from the Union to join the Confederacy. In what year was the state readmitted to the Union?
1960
1702
1870
2017
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

Texas was readmitted to the Union in 1870. The state fought for the Confederacy during the Civil War.

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On what date did Texas become a state?
December 29, 1845
December 29, 1945
December 29, 1656
December 29, 1492
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

Texas became a state on December 29, 1845.

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When the United States annexed Texas in 1845, it became the _____ state?
1st
50th
28th
58th
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

Texas was the 28th state to join the Union.

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The Johnson Space Center opened in Houston, Texas, in what year?
1961
1861
2001
2016
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

The Johnson Space Center opened in Houston, Texas, in 1961. This location acts as Mission Control for U. S. space flights.

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What European country was the first to settle in, and claim parts of, Texas?
England
France
Spain
Germany
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

Spain was the first European country to settle in, and claim parts of, Texas. Other European nations also staked a claim.

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Who was the first President of the Republic of Texas?
Sam Houston
Barack Obama
George Washington
Abraham Lincoln
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

Sam Houston was the first president of the Republic of Texas. He was elected in 1836.

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What event forced many Texas panhandle farmers to abandon their farms?
Hurricane Katrina
The World's Fair
The Dust Bowl
The Mexican-American war.
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

The Dust Bowl forced many Texas panhandle farmers to abandon their farms. The extreme drought conditions lasted from 1934 to 1939.

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The Republic of Texas, an independent country, was formed on what date?
March 2, 1436
March 2, 1936
March 2, 1236
March 2, 1836
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

The Republic of Texas, an independent country, was formed on March 2, 1836. The Republic lasted for nearly a decade.

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In what year did Texas become a part of the newly independent Mexico?
1921
1821
2001
1401
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

Texas become a part of the newly independent Mexico in 1821. This was after the Mexican War for Independence.

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Which of the following nations did NOT ever lay claim to Texas?
Spain
France
Mexico
Canada
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

Spain, France and Mexico had all laid claim to Texas before it became a U.S. state.

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Texas experienced a major drought in what new-millennium year?
1101
1901
2011
1401
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

Texas experienced a major drought in 2011. This drought led to the beginning of exploration for additional water sources.

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Which of the following was NOT a major industry in East Texas during World War II?
Aircraft
Oil
Shipbuilding
Shoemaking
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

The aircraft, oil and shipbuilding industries were all major players in Texas during World War II. This area of Texas was becoming more urban.

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In the late 1800s, what industry enabled Texas settlements to sprout up away from existing cities?
Cotton
Ranching
Farming
Railroad
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

In the late 1800s, the railroad industry enabled Texas settlements to sprout up away from existing cities. Before rail travel, cities were clustered around lakes, rivers and other waterways.

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What war was the result of the annexation of Texas by the U.S. in 1845?
Mexican-American War
Canadian-American War
Brazil-American War
Spanish-American War
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

The Mexican-American War was the result of the annexation of Texas by the U.S. in 1845. The war took place from 1846-1848.

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Which Texas city did the Spanish call home base in 1680?
Austin
El Paso
Dallas
Fort Worth
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

In 1680, the Spanish established a settlement in El Paso.

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The French settled what part of Texas in the mid-1680s?
Northeast
Southwest
Southeast
Northwest
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

The French settled in southeast Texas in the late 1600s. They were in constant conflict with Spain for additional territory.

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Which conflict was the result of Texas' desire to be independent of Mexico?
The Mexican-American War
The Spanish-American War
The Texas Revolution
The Alamo
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

The Texas Revolution was the result of Texas' desire to be independent of Mexico. The Revolution lasted for several months in 1835-1836.

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Who did Texas fight for in the American Civil War?
The Union
The Confederacy
The North
Canada
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

Texas seceded from the United States in 1861 to become part of the Confederate States of America.

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Which of the following was not a major industry in Texas in the 1600s?
Iron
Cotton
Ranching
Farming
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

Cotton, ranching, and farming were all major industries in Texas in the 1600s.

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Who was the first Spanish explorer to see Texas?
Rocky Balboa
Lewis and Clark
Christopher Columbus
Alonso Álvarez de Pineda
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

Alonso Álvarez de Pineda was the first Spanish explorer to see Texas. He explored in the early 1500s.

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After which war did France relinquish its Texas territories to Spain?
The Mexican-American War
The Civil War
World War II
The Seven Years War
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

France relinquished its Texas territories to Spain as part of an agreement to end the Seven Years War. The war took place between 1756 and 1763.

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For 100 years, what Indian nation was dominant in Texas?
The Apache
The Iroquois
The Aztec
The Comanche
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

The Comanche were dominant in Texas from the mid-1700s to the mid-1800s.

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The Republic of Texas president, Sam Houston, moved the capital of the Republic to what city in 1837?
Dallas
Fort Worth
Houston
Austin
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

The Republic of Texas president, Sam Houston, moved the capital of the Republic to Houston in 1837. Before that, the capital was transient.

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The city of Austin became the capital of Texas in what year?
1839
1939
1339
2009
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

The city of Austin became the capital of Texas in 1839. Before that, the capital was Houston.

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The first domed stadium in the world, the Houston Astrodome, opened in what year?
1865
1901
1965
2002
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

The first domed stadium in the world, the Houston Astrodome, opened in 1965. It was hailed as the eighth wonder of the world.

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The first skyscraper west of the Mississippi was raised in Dallas in what year?
1409
2009
1909
1509
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

The first skyscraper west of the Mississippi was raised in Dallas in 1909. The building was the headquarters of the Praetorian Insurance Company.

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The East Texas Oilfield was discovered on what date?
October 5, 1930
October 5, 1830
October 5, 2003
October 5, 1530
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

The East Texas Oilfield was discovered on October 5, 1930. It continues to be the biggest oil producer in the U.S.

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During World War II, Texas housed 15% of what population?
Prisoners of War
Mexicans
Germans
Italians
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

During World War II, Texas housed 15% of the country's prisoners of war. This was the first war in which the U.S. held prisoners on domestic soil.

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Before being settled by the Spanish, Texas was home to what Indian tribe(s)?
The Caddos
The Karankawas
The Coahuiltecan
All of the above
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

Before the Spanish settled Texas, it was home to the Caddos, the Kraankawas and the Coahuiltecan Indians. Several other tribes occupied the area as well.

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What agreement helped the Republic of Texas settle its debts after becoming a state?
The Compromise of 1850
A bank loan
The Versailles Treaty
The Nuremberg Trials
Correct Answer
Wrong Answer

The Compromise of 1850 helped the Republic of Texas settle its debts after becoming a state. In the Compromise, the U.S. gave Texas $10,000,000.

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You Got:
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