How Much Do You Know About the Coast Guard?
By: John Miller
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Image: DanCardiff/ E+/gettyimages
About This Quiz
Quick, can you name all of the branches of the United States Armed Forces? The Army, Navy and Air Force are easy. But you still have two to go. The Marines … and the Coast Guard. The Coast Guard is an often-overlooked branch of America’s military forces, but these men and women serve a vital function around the country and all over the world. In this shallow-water quiz, do you really think you know the U.S. Coast Guard?
After the heady days of the American Revolution, the newly born United States was a turbulent place. The nation needed a way to control its waters, and there was really no Navy of any kind. That’s when the forerunner of the Coast Guard took to the seas. Do you recall the history and purpose of the very first Coast Guard crews? In the 1800s, the Coast Guard performed so ably that it garnered more and more missions. Congress renamed the service, gave it ever more power, and the once-tiny fleet became an increasingly important tool of the government. These days, the Coast Guard guards America’s borders, counters criminals who use the sea as their playground, and saves lives every single day of the year. Hold your breath and plunge into the icy waters of this Coast Guard quiz now!
During peacetime, which federal agency is in charge of the Coast Guard?
Department of Homeland Security
The modern Coast Guard falls under the control of the Department of Homeland Security. In times of war, that can change.
About how many people are on active duty in today's Coast Guard?
The Coast Guard is the smallest branch of America's military. There are about 40,000 sailors on active duty.
What's a common nickname for Coast Guard sailors?
They're the "coasties." There are a number of unofficial terms bandied about for Coast Guard sailors, but coasties is the most common.
True or false, is the Coast Guard older than the U.S. Navy?
It's true, the Coast Guard was America's first seafaring force. Its origins go all the way back to 1790.
At its inception, the Coast Guard was called what?
When the unit was first created in 1790, it was called the Revenue Marine. It wasn't offically called the "Coast Guard" until the World War I era.
At its inception, what was the purpose of the Revenue Marine Service?
The young United States needed tariffs to fund its new government. When it was first formed, the Revenue Cutter Service had one primary mission -- collecting tariffs on imported goods.
to deter illegal immigrants
How many ships did the first Revenue Marine service have at its disposal?
When it formed the Revenue Marine in 1790, Congress authorized the construction of 10 ships. Those ships formed the first legacy of the Coast Guard.
The Coast Guard is tasked with guarding about how much shoreline in the United States?
Altogether, the Coast Guard must protect about 95,000 miles of American shoreline, including the broad swaths of land on the east and west coasts. That's a lot of work for a unit that has roughly the same number of workers as the New York Police Department.
In 1894, the Revenue Marine was renamed to what?
After 1790, the Revenue Marine earned more and more responsibilities. In 1894, it was renamed the Revenue Cutter Service, and worked directly for the Department of the Treasury.
The Coast Guard's official march is "Semper Paratus," which means what?
"Semper Paratus" means "always ready." This branch's official march is a symbol of just how important these sailors are to America's national security.
"As Children, We Stayed in the Shallow End"
True or false, has the Coast Guard served in all of America's wars?
Serving in the shadow of the much larger Navy and Army, people often forget about the Coast Guard. But this unit has served in all of America's wars.
In 1915, Congress merged the Revenue Cutter Service with which organization to form the Coast Guard?
United States Life-Saving Service
In 1915, Congress combined the Revenue Cutter Service with the United States Life-Saving Service. The new organization was called … you guessed it, the Coast Guard.
What symbol denotes Coast Guard vessels?
Every Coast Guard vessel features a broad red slash with a blue racing stripe. The symbol was approved in the late 1960s.
The Coast Guard rescue swimmer program is very difficult. About what percentage of people DROP from the training?
On average, about half of rescue swimmer candidates drop from Coast Guard's program. Only mentally and physically superior candidates are cut out for the rigors of rescue swimming.
In addition to collecting tariffs, what other job did the Revenue Marine have in the 1790s?
There were no U.S. Navy ships until 1797. So for most of the decade, the Revenue Marine was the only tool America had to beat back pirates.
True or false, does the Coast Guard only operate near the U.S. mainland?
They are not homebodies. The Coast Guard serves worldwide, from middle America to the ends of the Earth.
The Coast Guard cutter USCGC Eastwind was the first ship to do what?
In the '60s, the USCGC Eastwind earned a bit of fame. She traveled around Antarctica and became the first cutter ever to steam all the way around the world.
Aviation survival technicians are also called _____.
Some Coast Guard sailors train to become aviation survival technicians, or rescue swimmers. These coasties endure brutal mental and physical challenges that would drown normal people, all in the name of helping people during water emergencies.
What year did the first women officially join the Coast Guard?
In 1918, identical twins Genevieve and Lucille Baker became the first two female members of the Coast Guard. They were just 19 years old.
Each year, the Coast Guard participates about how many emergency search and rescue missions?
The real question is, how are all of these people getting themselves into so much trouble to begin with? Every year, the Coast Guard zooms to help in around 20,000 search and rescue missions.
Where is the United States Coast Guard Academy located?
The United States Coast Guard Academy is located in New London, Connecticut. Each year, about 250 cadets begin their training in hopes of becoming Coast Guard officers.
What does the Coast Guard do in emergency situations in which the weather makes it nearly impossible to launch a ship?
They launch operations, anyway.
Got some 50-foot swells and hurricane winds out there? Call the Coast Guard. Their mandate means they'll risk their necks to save yours.
They wait until the weather improves so that no one gets hurt.
During Hurricane Katrina, the Coast Guard used 80 rescue swimmers to save about how many people?
Katrina's harrowing wind and waves killed more than 1,000 Americans. But 80 Coast Guard rescue swimmers also saved more than 33,000 people, many of whom may have perished without their assistance.
What is the United States Coast Guard Auxiliary?
The United States Coast Guard Auxiliary is a civilian volunteer arm of the Coast Guard. The men and women of the Auxiliary save lives just like active duty coasties.
the guys with the big guns
What was the name of the first ship launched by the Revenue Marine?
The USRC Vigilant was one of the first 10 ships commissioned by Congress as part of the original Revenue Marine. And as such, it was probably the first Coast Guard ship ever to take to the seas.
In the 1870s, the Coast Guard was essentially in control of which area?
In the 1870s, Alaska was a wild place filled with natural resources. The Coast Guard was basically the only U.S. force in the region, essentially working to create law and order.
What is the United States Coast Guard Academy's motto?
"What doesn't float, sinks."
"The sea yields to knowledge."
The United States Coast Guard Academy is the smallest of America's service academies. Its motto is, "The sea yields to knowledge."
"mermaid and anchor tattoos"
During World War II, the Coast Guard had an official dog as part of its crew. The dog's name was _____.
Just before -- and during -- World War II, Sinbad, a mixed-breed dog, became an official (and very famous) member of the Coast Guard. He even saw combat action during a fight with a German U-boat.
If the U.S. declares a war, the Coast Guard may fall under the control of which agency?
In normal times, the Department of Homeland Security guides the Coast Guard. But in wartime, the Department of Defense can take command of coasties and use their resources accordingly.
On an average day, the Coast Guard performs about how many search and rescue missions?
The Coast Guard stays busy. Each and every day, its men and women perform more than 100 search and rescue missions, saving lives and countering criminal activities all around the country.
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