World War II was a seven-year conflict that killed tens of millions, and it truly was a global war. From North Africa and the Middle East, where Axis and Allied forces fought to secure oil supplies to keep their armies and countries moving, to the Pacific, where Japan and America wrestled back and forth over one island at a time, to North America, where there was no actual fighting but a great mass mobilization reaching throughout all of society, the war to end all wars left its mark. Only South America was left mostly un-meddled with.
The most affected region, though, was certainly Europe. The Western Front reached through France and Belgium, all the way down to Italy where the fascists were pushing northward. The Eastern Front was where Nazi Germany faced off with communist Russia - the latter being an ally so vile that Winston Churchill compared being forced to team up with them to being expected to work with the Devil to stop Hitler. In between, death camps and concentration camps obliterated civilian populations with military precision. The German regime sent the Luftwaffe to bomb British towns, primarily London, and wiped Coventry off the map. In return, the British crushed Dresden. It was a bloodbath that left the continent in ruins - and all of it was documented thoroughly and is now taught in schools.
Let's see how much of this important history you've retained.
The controlling German party were the Nazis. Nazi Germany existed from 1933 to 1945.
Adolph Hitler was the leader of Nazi Germany. He was Fuhrer of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
In Europe, the Allies fought the Axis powers. In World War I, the Allies fought the Central Powers.
Although Norway was part of the Allied forces, it was not part of the Big Four. China was the fourth.
The Allies won World War II. We hope you got this one right!
Franklin D. Roosevelt was president of the US during World War II. He was president from 1933 to 1945.
Winston Churchill served as Britain's Prime Minister at the end of World War II. Neville Chamberlain was Prime Minister from the start of the war until 1940.
Benito Mussolini led Italy during World War II. He was Prime Minister of Italy from 1922 to 1943, but he was actually a dictator.
The Germans used the tactic of Blitzkrieg, which means "lightning war." They favored quick, powerful strikes at the enemy.
The European battlegrounds consisted of the Eastern Front and the Western Front. There were also significant air battles.
Germany surrendered on May 8, 1945. This was known as VE Day (Victory in Europe).
Stalin led Russia during World War II. He was a dictator who ruled from the mid-1920s to 1953.
The Germans led the Axis powers during the war. The Axis powers were Germany, Italy and Japan.
The formal name for the Nazis was the National Socialist German Workers' Party. The party was founded by Anton Drexler.
Fighting in Europe began September 1, 1939. Germany and Russia invaded Poland.
The Soviets fought with Germany until 1941. In 1941, Germany attacked Russia, ending their alliance.
The initial period of WWII in Europe was called the Phoney War. Although the Allies had declared war against Germany, they did little to help Poland as it was invaded.
Germany invaded France on May 13, 1940. Germany entered France through the Ardennes Forest.
The German Air Force was known as the Luftwaffe. Germany was not permitted to have an air force after WWI, so pilots trained in secret.
Charles de Gaulle was the leader of Free France during the war. France fell to Germany early in the war, but Free France and de Gaulle vowed to continue fighting.
Sweden remained neutral during WWII. Ireland was also able to remain neutral.
The Maginot Line was designed to prevent a German invasion of France. However, the French border had weak spots not covered by the Maginot Line.
The early battle between the Soviet Union and Finland was called Maginot Line. This battle began when Finland refused to be annexed by Russia.
Hermann Göring commanded the German Luftwaffe. He had been a German flying ace during WWI.
The German bombing of England's cities was referred to as the Blitz. The Blitz was an abbreviation for Blitzkrieg.
Winston Churchill said "Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few." He said this in recognition of the Royal Air Force's efforts against the German Luftwaffe.
Operation Barbarossa was the code name for the German invasion of Russia. The invasion began on June 22, 1941.
A firestorm in 1945 killed about 25,000 people in Dresden in Saxony. It was one of the greatest losses of life of the war.
Italy invaded Greece in 1940. Italy invaded Albania before the war started.
The bloodiest conflict in world history was the Eastern Front. This was the result of the German invasion of the Soviet Union. More than 30 million died.
Distance was the biggest problem with the German presence on the Eastern Front. The front was simply too far away for Germany to maintain a supply chain.
The Allies consisted of the US, the Soviet Union and the UK. The Allies also included China, France, Poland, Greece and others.
As the Soviets withdrew from German forces in Russia, they employed a scorched earth policy. The Soviets burned everything as they retreated so that the Germans would not have access to supplies.
During the Siege of Leningrad, most civilians died from starvation. Roughly eighty percent of the one million people who perished starved to death.
Operation Overlord was the codename for the invasion of Normandy. The mission put three million soldiers on the Western Front on June 6, 1944.