How Much Do You Know About the History of Catholicism?

By: Annette

How Much Do You Know About the History of Catholicism?
Image: Shutterstock

About This Quiz

It's one of the most cherished religions in history, and it reaches to all sides of the globe. Catholicism has a rich and interesting history, but there's a good chance you don't know all the details. This quiz will uncover your ignorance! God help you.
Who was Rome's first bishop?
Lord Michael
Caesar
Saint Peter
Saint Peter is believed to be Rome's first bishop, making him also the first Pope. He consecrated Linus as the next bishop.

Advertisement

What happened to the first man to translate the Bible into English?
He was sainted.
He became Pope.
He was executed.
Sadly, William Tyndale was executed by the Roman Catholic Church for translating the Bible into English. Roughly 83% of the New Testament in the King James Bible is Tyndale’s translation.

Advertisement

Whenever the church breaks apart, it's called a ______ .
Schism
Whenever there is a major break in the church, it's called a schism. There have been many throughout history, with the first one in 144 AD.
Laceration
Dismembering

Advertisement

Which country has the most Catholics in the world?
United States
Italy
Brazil
Brazil is the country that has the most Catholics in the world. Just think about Christ the Redeemer!

Advertisement

Catholics make up roughly _____ of the population.
1%
16%
Catholics make up roughly 16% of the population. This has remained steady for about a century.
50%

Advertisement

When were the Crusades?
The Renaissance
The Middle Ages
The Crusades were sanctioned by the Latin Roman Catholic Church during the Middle Ages. More specifically, it was the High and Late Middle Ages.
The Industrial Revolution

Advertisement

Who began the tradition of honoring saints?
Catholics
Protestants
Jews
It was actually the Jews that began the tradition of honoring saints. Their tradition was to honor prophets and holy people with shrines.

Advertisement

What was the symbol used by early Christians to identify themselves?
Fig
Bay leaf
Fish
The fish, or ICHTHUS, was the symbol used by early Christians to identify themselves. This was important, as they were in a time of persecution.

Advertisement

What was the fate of Saint Peter?
Crucifixion
Sadly, the fate of Saint Peter, the first Catholic pope, was crucifixion. He was crucified upside down so that he would not die the same way that Jesus did.
He became Caesar
He left the church

Advertisement

When was the Council of Nicaea?
325 AD
The first Council of Nicea took place in 325 AD. This was the first post-apostolic ecumenical council of the Christian community.
500 AD
756 AD

Advertisement

True or False: The exact date that the Roman Catholic Church was formed is known by scholars.
True
False
It's false that the exact date is known by scholars. The beginning of the church is indeterminable.

Advertisement

Which Council amended the Nicene Creed?
Council of Istanbul
Council of Constantinople
The Council of Constantinople was the first to amend and ratify the Nicene Creed. This resulted in the version used by Christian churches around the world.
Council of Trent

Advertisement

Who was the first Pope to claim universal jurisdiction over the worldwide Church?
Pope Josef
Pope Leo I
Pope Leo I was the first to claim universal jurisdiction over the worldwide Church. He presided over the church from 440 to 461 AD.
Pope Raphael II

Advertisement

Where did the first break in the church take place?
Council of Halifax
Council of Chalcedon
The Council of Chalcedon was when the first real break in the church took place. This was in 451 AD.
Council of Populus

Advertisement

In what year did John Paul II die?
1980
1992
2004
The venerable John Paul II was elected to the papacy in 1978 and died in 2004. During his time, 17 million people came to his weekly audiences in Rome.

Advertisement

What was the year of the Great Schism?
1054 AD
The Great Schism took place in 1054 AD. The separation of the Eastern and Western branches of the church became official.
1234 AD
1389 AD

Advertisement

When was the term "Roman Catholic" first used?
The Protestant Reformation
The term "Roman Catholic" was first used during the Protestant Reformation. Many significant changes took place during this period.
The Great Schism
The martyring of Saint Peter

Advertisement

The Council of Trent ____ the power of Rome.
Enhanced
The Council of Trent greatly centralized the church and enhanced the power of Rome. It took place between 1545 and 1563.
Lessened
Maintained

Advertisement

What are deuterocanoncial books?
Those found in the Hebrew Bible
Those found in the Protestant Bible
Those found in the Christian Old Testament
The deuterocanoncial books are those found in the Christian Old Testament. Several deuterocanoncial books are rejected by Protestants.

Advertisement

Proclaiming Peter as the head of the Church was stated in the book of _____ .
Matthew
Proclaiming Peter as the head of the Church was stated in Matthew 16:18. "And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it."
Mark
Luke

Advertisement

When did the Papal States form?
590 AD
The Papal States were formed in 590 by Pope Gregory I. He consolidated the lands controlled by authority of the pope.
1090 AD
1200 AD

Advertisement

The early structure for the Catholic Church was provided by _____ .
Jesus
The apostles
The early structure for the Christian Church was provided by the apostles. The initial stages of the Christian Church and Roman Catholic Church are almost impossible to separate.
The Roman leaders

Advertisement

Who was the apostle that was most influential the Jewish Christian movement?
Simon Peter
Simon Peter was one of Jesus' 12 apostles, and he was influential in the Jewish Christian movement. Later, James would take over the leadership.
Luke
Matthew

Advertisement

Who was the head of Pauline Christianity?
Paul
Paul, once a persecutor of the Christians, because an ardent Christian. His ministry would become known as Pauline Christianity.
Pauline
Saul

Advertisement

In what year was the fall of Jerusalem?
70 AD
In 70 AD, the fall of Jerusalem took place. This scattered the Jewish Christian movement. Pauline and Gnostic Christianity were left as the dominant groups in its wake.
200 AD
350 AD

Advertisement

Which form of Christianity was made valid in the Roman Empire before Catholicism became the official religion?
Pauline Christianity
Pauline Christianity became legally recognized in Rome in 313 AD. Roman Catholicism would become the official religion in 380 AD.
Jewish Christianity
Gnostic Christianity

Advertisement

The earliest Catholics were the only ones recognized as ______ .
Apostles
Cynics
Christians
The earliest Catholics were the only people recognized as Christians. This went on for 1000 years after Roman Catholicism becoming the official religion of the Roman Empire.

Advertisement

True or False: There was a reunification between the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches.
True
False
It's false that there was a reunification between the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches. They remain separate to this day.

Advertisement

When did the Protestant Reformation take place?
15th century
16th century
The Protestant Reformation took place in the 16th century. This was considered one of the most impactful divisions within the church.
17th century

Advertisement

Roman Catholics were set apart from Protestants in regards to ______ .
Belief in God
Belief in Jesus
Regulation of doctrine
The Protestant Reformation came down to a question of doctrine. The Catholics held that it was important for church leaders to regulate this doctrine.

Advertisement

How many Catholics are in the world?
100,000
1 million
1 billion
There are roughly 1 billion Catholics in the world, on all five continents. They are bound together by their religious beliefs and obedience to the papacy.

Advertisement

True or False: Women can become Roman Catholic priests.
True
False
It's false that women can become Roman Catholic priests. Perhaps one day that might change.

Advertisement

True or False: Modern Catholics follows the Church's teachings on contraception and sex.
True
False
It's false that modern Catholics (by and large) follow the Church's teachings on contraception and sex. You naughty, naughty Catholics.

Advertisement

The Catholic Church is the ______ institution in the Western world.
Oldest
The Catholic Church is the oldest institution in the Western world. Its history goes back more than 2,000 years.
Most debated
Smallest

Advertisement

The Catholic Church is the _____ denomination in Christianity.
Smallest
Newest
Largest
The Catholic Church is the largest single denomination in Christianity. Not only that, but it's also the oldest.

Advertisement

You Got:
/35

Featured