Established on October 13, 1775, the United States Navy is a formidable force, with 323,00 active personnel; this makes it the world’s largest in manpower. This branch of the United States armed forces is in charge of naval warfare.
The ‘Old Navy’ of the past can claim responsibility for the innovation of ironclads during the American Civil War while the ‘New Navy’ claimed to be the largest naval fleet in the world by 1920.
Modernization of weaponry and equipment has aided the US Navy in becoming a significant player in several wars, including World War II, after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941. The Navy first issued regulation uniforms in 1802 with their prevalent colors being white and navy blue. Currently, the US Navy operates 460 ships, 50,000 non-combat vehicles, over 3650 aircraft, and it owns 75,200 buildings.
The weaponry system of choice for the U.S Navy is centered entirely around missiles. Missiles are utilized because of their ability to strike from long distances with precision. The Navy has produced many greats, including astronauts and athletes, along with many U.S presidents having served, the first being John F. Kennedy.
But we've really only just scratched the surface when it comes to the Navy. Do you know who came up with the idea? Do you know all about their customs and traditions? Find out in this quiz!
The history of the U.S. Navy can be divided into two major periods, the Old Navy and the New Navy. The Naval headquarters is at the Pentagon in Virginia.
The Old Navy had a small but respected force of sailing ships. It was innovative in its use of ironclads in the American Civil War.
The New Navy was the result of modernization. Efforts began in the 1880s, and the Navy was the largest in the world by the 1920s.
The United States Navy was created on October 13, 1775. This was when the Continental Congress passed a resolution creating the Continental Navy.
The first Continental Navy was disbanded at the end of the American Revolutionary War. It wouldn't be long before the Navy would return.
George Washington reinstated the Navy due to Barbary pirates that were threatening American merchant ships. It led to the Naval Act of 1794.
American naval ships fought in all of these wars, and so many more! After the War of 1812, the Navy was at peace until the Mexican-American War.
The Naval Academy in Annapolis was founded in 1845. It's located in Maryland, by the Chesapeake Bay.
It is true that the Confederate troops had their own Navy. The U.S. Navy fought the Confederate States Navy during the American Civil War.
After the Civil War, the American Navy was heavily downsized. In 1878, the Navy consisted of only 6,000 men.
By the end of the 19th century, the Navy commissioned the building of cruisers and battleships. By the start of the 20th century, the Navy was fifth place in terms of number of ships.
By the end of WWI, the U.S. Navy had more men and women in uniform than the British Royal Navy. The Washington Naval Conference of 1921 recognized the Navy as equal in capital ship sizes to the Royal Navy.
During the '20s and '30s, there was a marked increase in the number of aircraft carriers and battleships. These would come in handy for the war that lay ahead.
The U.S. Navy was drawn into the second World War after the Japanese attack of Pearl Harbor. This took place on December 7, 1941.
These were all famous battles that the Navy fought in. The list also includes the Guadalcanal Campaign.
The Japanese Instrument of Surrender was signed on the USS Missouri. By the end of WWII, the Navy had 1,600 warships.
It is true that the U.S. Navy was involved in the 45-year-long Cold War. They also participated in the Korean War, Vietnam War and Persian Gulf War.
The U.S. became the world's undisputed naval superpower after the collapse of the Soviet Union. The Soviet Red Navy fell apart at the time.
Nuclear power and ballistic missile technology led to new weapon systems and ship propulsion. This was true for both the Nimitz-class aircraft carriers and Ohio-class submarines.
Ronald Reagan instituted a program for a modern, 600-ship Navy. This is due to the fact that by 1978, the number of ships had dwindled to less than 400.
Today, the U.S. Navy is the undisputed naval superpower of the world. They can engage and project power in two simultaneous limited wars, and along separate fronts.
The naval fleet size dwindled to 274 ships in 2007. That was the lowest number since WWI.
It is true that during the Revolution, several states operated their own navies. In 1775, for example, a resolution was passed that created a navy for the colony of Rhode Island.
“Non sibi sed patriae,” can be found engraved on the chapel door of the Naval Academy. It means "Not for self, but for country."
These two towns have long argued over which of them was the birthplace of the U.S. Navy. To be fair, let's just say Massachusetts.
The schooner Hannah was the first armed sea vessel used in the American Revolution. It was the founding boat of the U.S. Navy.
To be honest, the Navy takes no position on its place of origin. Other places that claim to be the birthplace of the U.S. Navy include Philadelphia, Whitehall, NY, and Providence, RI.
A U.S. Navy attack submarine is about the length of a football field. They are also 33-feet wide.
Ballistic missile submarines are about as long as the Washington Monument is tall. Submariners are some of the most highly trained individuals in the military.
The Secretary of the Navy is the one that names the naval ships. They were given this duty in 1819.
The oldest female descendent will christen a boat that is named after a family member. Commissioned ships are prefixed with USS.
Budweiser is the nickname for the Navy SEAL trident. This trident is worn on the uniforms of the SEALs.
TOPGUN was founded during the Vietnam War. It is the United States Navy Strike Fighter Tactics Instructor program.
Neil Armstrong was very successful in the U.S. Navy. He flew armed reconnaissance as an aviator in the Korean War.
Humphrey Bogart enlisted in the Navy in 1918. He served on the USS Leviathan and the USS Santa Olivia.