Weapons play a long and important role in human history. Throughout the ages, weapons have continued to evolve and get even more precise . . . and more deadly. In this quiz, we're going to test your knowledge of the history of weapons.
Humans have been using weapons for thousands of years. They’ve been used for warfare, hunting, self-defense and law enforcement.
Weapons advanced as new natural resources were discovered. Traditional weapons were replaced as metal-working was developed.
Copper played a huge role in the advances in Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, Rome, Indus and China. Weapons took on a whole new power and level of performance.
Here again, we need to point out the power of copper. It was the only metal known to humans and played a major role in weapon innovation.
Native Americans relied on flint spears. But they also used copper for ceremonies and for intricate decorations.
Hunters preferred the bow and arrow to the spear. The bow enabled ancient man to be a more efficient hunter.
Bronze was an improvement over copper. It was an alloy of copper and tin, and it was much stronger.
The earliest form of weapon was the stone tip. These simple arrows were found dating back to 64,000 years ago.
People began riding horses around 2500 BCE. This is around the same time that composite bows were created.
The Sumerian warrior was armed with spears, maces, swords, clubs and slings. That’s quite an arsenal! The Sumerians lived in modern-day Iraq.
Before their first attack by the Hyksos, the ancient Egyptians were quite peaceful. After being attacked, they adopted chariot warfare quite quickly.
Egypt had the first-known navy. They used boats extensively for fishing, and these boats were eventually improved for the sake of warfare.
War-time chariots were designed for 2 people. The first man would drive, and the second man would shoot his bow and arrow.
The Greeks were responsible for creating the three-pronged trident. At the same time, the people of Germany were still using clubs and maces.
The gods Poseidon, Neptune and the Hindu god Shiva were all associated with the trident. It was quite the innovation in weaponry.
The Assyrian people were known for their war-like culture. The Assyrian Empire was created by King Shamshi-Adad I.
The Assyrian army was the first to use iron in weapons. The Assyrians had 3 crew members on their chariots, instead of the traditional 2.
The Assyrians were also the first to develop cavalry. Eventually, it would replace chariots altogether.
The Greeks were surrounded by hostile neighbors, including Persia and later Rome. That forced them to innovate their weapons.
The ancient Athenians were famous for their navy. The produced an impressive number of warships and soldiers. Their warships were called triremes.
Funny enough, the Romans did not use complex weapons, but rather, simple and unusual ones. The tremendous leadership and discipline of the Romans led to superior military force.
The light, short, traditional Roman sword was known as the gladius. It had an iron blade and was designed for a quick kill.
The Roman pilum was like a javelin. The Roman soldier always carried two pila to throw at the enemy.
The famous barbarian tribes of the Middle Ages hailed from Germania. They included the Ostrogoths, Visigoths, Vandals and Franks.
Barbarian weapons were similar to Roman weapons. This was because many barbarians were former Roman soldiers. In time, they would create their own weapons.
Greek Fire was flame that was sprayed from early flamethrowers. This flame would be used to set ships alight.
China had superior technology to the Greeks or Romans at the time. The people of Islam knew this and began early trade relations with China.
The trebuchet was a large weapon used for throwing huge stones and piles of rock. It was invented in the Middle East by Muslim engineers.
Chinese innovation in weapons was thanks to the constant conflict in Asia. China had five successive dynasties in a very short timespan.
The Chinese were responsible for creating gunpowder. It was made using saltpeter, sulfur and carbon.
Early forms of gunpowder were called Chinese Salt and Snow from China. The Persians were some of the first to import this form of gunpowder.
The Chinese were also the first to use crude hand grenades, rockets, cannons and firecracker weapons. They are responsible for some of the greatest innovations in weaponry.
The Norman knights were known for their chainmail. They invaded England and defeated the Saxons by swinging swords from horseback.
During the times of the Crusades, the cavalry would use lances. This is evident today when you go and visit Medieval Times, Dinner and Tournament.
During the 100 Years War, the Europeans relied mainly on infantry. Armies during the war would often dig ditches, construct wagon fortresses or flood marshy ground to prevent attack.