Think you know everything there is to know about this highly moralistic, straightlaced, era? Prove it!
The Victorian Era is the period of Queen Victoria's reign from June 20, 1837, until her on death, on January 22, 1901.
The Romantic period was a reaction against the Enlightenment. The Romantics valued emotion, passion, and the uniqueness of the individual. These values are quite opposite of the values that would rise during the Victorian Era.
The values of the Victorian era were really the values of the middle class which was increasing in size and power. Many oi the middle-class aspired to join the higher ranks and therefore, tried to act "properly." Acting properly meant following a strict code of morals, working hard, and being thrifty.
Victoria was the daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, the fourth son of King Geroge III. Bother her father and King George III died in 1820. At age 18, after her father's brothers had all died, she inherited the throne.
George III did not want to let the Americans gain their independence at it was a very large and prosperous territory of Britain.
The overcrowding and poor housing conditions in London contributed to the rise of a Cholera epidemic in Victorian England. Cholera is spread via the bacteria-lace diarrhoea of its victims.
In a public heath report, Jon Snow declared that cholera was transmitted through the dirty and polluted drinking water of London.
One positive outcome of the Great Stink was that Parliament finally had to react to the terrible sewer conditions and ordered a new sewer system to be built.
Joseph Bazalgette designed the new sewer system, and the first section opened in 1865.
Cotton, cotton, cotton. The industrial revolution all started with the textile industry. Making cloth by hand for pants, shirts sock, and other domestic items were incredibly time-consuming. A series of innovations during the late 18th century led to the creation of factories that sped up the process. Cotton, which came from India and the Southern United States, was less expensive. Cotton + factories = faster production, larger amounts of product, and more money for England.
The Industrial Revolution created many jobs which led to an overpopulation of cities. This overcrowding resulted in poor living conditions (such as the ones that resulted in Cholera). The smoke from the factories and the fifth of the overcrowded English streets led to ill health. The air was polluted, and the water became contaminated. Worse, there weren't any child labor laws and children were risking their lives working in these factories.
The smoke from the factories settled over London in a constant dense and creepy fog.
Sometimes, the living family members would pose with the dead loved one in order to make it look like the person was still alive.
The Gothic Novel generally if not always, takes place during the Victorian Era.
Dracula, Frankenstein, and The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, are three famous examples of famous Victorian Gothic novels.
Albert was her husband, companion, and political adviser.
Victoria Adelaide Mary, Princess Royal, Albert Edward, King of England as Edward VII, Alice Maud Mary, Alfred Ernest Albert, Duke of Edinburgh and of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Helena Augusta Victoria, Louise Caroline Alberta, Arthur William Patrick, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, Leopold George Duncan, Duke of Albany and finally, Leopold George Duncan, Duke of Albany.
After Robert's death, Victoria entered a depression and withdrew from the public, causing her popularity to wane. Her new nickname became, "Widow of Windsor."
Prince Albert was a huge promoter of the exhibition. The purpose was to illustrate the role of Great Britain as the industrial leader of the world.
The Crystal Palace was built by Joseph Paxton with support from Charles Fox and resembled a gigantic greenhouse. It was built in just nine months.
Considered the original serial killer, Jack the Ripper murdered at least five prostitutes in the East End of London. The identity of the murderer was never uncovered.
Did you know that the term scientist was a Victorian invention? There were many major discoveries made during the Victorian time, including the discovery of electromagnetic waves, dinosaurs, and the planet Neptune.
Victorian funerals were huge and often included professional mourners. Clocks were stopped at the moment of death, curtains were thrown over windows, and mirrors were covered.
The combination of the advent of factories and the speed of trains led to more free time for the middle class. Previously, the concept of leisure time did not exist for anyone but the upper class. Now, middle-class Victorians were able to a train to the beach for a nice little vacation.
Prince Alber loved the Arts! Under his patronage, many museums were erected as well as the Royal Opera House.
Queen Victoria chose to mourn the rest of her life, but most Victorian women were expected to withdraw from life for at least a year, no matter their social position.
Darwin published his Theory of Evolution during, this time; Freud developed modern physiatry, and Marx developed a new economic theory.
Everything was over the top. Lots of colors were used, wallpaper with intricate designs lined the walls, carpets covered the floors, chandeliers hung from the ceilings, and a mass amount of paintings lined the walls.
In 1891 Thomas Crapper produced a valve and siphon system. His company began to produce water closes.
These names sound so unfashionable today. In 2016, it is hard to find a baby boy named Edward or Charles.
Some of these names like Emma and Anna are still popular today but Florence and Ethel? Not so much.
The Temperance movement was a Victorian social movement against the consumption of alcohol. Teetotalism came a bit later in the 1930s and wanted to ban all alcohol, rather than calling for moderation. The suffragette movement picked up later on during the Victorian Era.
if a Victorian woman had a tan, it meant they were part of the working class. Having smooth, white skin, meant you were an upper class Brit.
Women had to keep their entire bodies covered except for their arms from the elbow down. Women wore black stockings to cover their legs.
The death of Victoria saw the end of this era. After her death her eldest son, Edward took the throne, and the Edwardian era began.