How Well Do You Know Australian Rules of the Road?

By: Hania Syed
Estimated Completion Time
7 min
Question 1 - road with a dotted single line Which of these scenarios is permitted on a road with a dotted single line?
You may cross these lines to enter or leave the road.
A dotted single line means you may cross the lines to enter or leave the road or overtake another car if safe to do so. On the flipside, an unbroken or solid line means you may not overtake or turn.
You can stop at any point.
You can drive in the right-hand lane.
You can park next to the dotted line.

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Question 2 - keep to the left In what situation should you keep to the left?
When doing a U-turn
When turning right
At all times possible
In Australia, drivers must stay on the left in all scenarios possible. Depending on the road markings, they may come to the right lane to overtake, or if turning right. Otherwise, driving on the left is the default.
When overtaking

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Question 3 - roundabout What is the appropriate way of giving way at a roundabout?
You must give way to all vehicles on your left.
You must give way to all vehicles on your right.
In Australia, the basic rule of thumb is that you must give way to all vehicles on your right when entering a roundabout. This tip is especially useful if you are visiting Canberra, the city known for roundabouts!
You must give way to all vehicles that got there before you.
You must stop until there are no other cars.

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Question 4 - red stop sign What is the appropriate action at a red stop sign?
Keep rolling slowly until you see the coast is clear.
Come to a complete stop, so that your head hits your headrest.
While many people don't follow the stop sign rule properly, drivers are actually required to come to a complete stop, then check if the coast is clear. This means your head should hit the headrest when you stop.
Go straight through.
Only stop for pedestrians.

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Question 5 - amber light What must you do at this amber light?
Prepare to stop.
While many people see the amber light as an indication that they should speed up to make it before the light turns red, it actually means you should prepare to stop. This means slowing down so you can come to a complete stop when the light turns red.
Come to a complete stop.
Rush through before it goes red.
Continue as normal.

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Question 6 - road This is a road with no signposted speed limit. What is the default speed limit?
30km/h
40km/h
50km/h
The default speed limit in Australia for built-up areas is 50 kilometres per hour. In the Northern Territory however, the default is 60km/h. In school zones throughout the country, it is generally 40km/hour.
60km/h

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Question 7 -  passing This driver is indicating to overtake you. What should you do?
Increase your speed so they don't have to overtake.
Slow down so it's easier for them to overtake.
Maintain your speed while remaining vigilant of them.
If a driver is trying to overtake you, it's prudent to maintain your speed so as not to cause confusion and risk an accident. If you were travelling under the speed limit, try to drive at a more appropriate speed to make things easier for other road users.
Pull over so they can pass easily.

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Question 8 - change lanes You need to change lanes. Which is the correct procedure to do so?
Use your mirrors to check blind spots, indicate and give way to traffic in the other lane.
Slow down to warn other drivers, indicate and give way to traffic in the other lanes.
Use your mirrors, indicate for a sufficient amount of time, do a head check then give way to traffic in the other lane.
You must give plenty of notice to other drivers of your desire to change lanes by indicating. After this, you must check your mirrors and do a head check (turning to look over your shoulder) to check your blind spots.
Raise your hand so that other drivers can see your intentions, then give way to traffic in the other lane.

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Question 9 - breath testing This breath testing checkpoint has been set up. Is it an offense to refuse a breath test?
Yes
RBTs, or random breath tests, are frequently set up throughout Australia to catch drink drivers. Generally speaking, it is considered a serious offense to refuse a breath test.
No
No, if you are over 55
Yes, if you are under 18

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Question 10 - Sign This sign depicts a truck. What does this mean?
Rest stop for trucks
Height restriction applies to trucks
Truck lane only
Beware of slow-moving vehicles entering traffic.
A sign with a truck on it indicates that slow-moving vehicles are entering traffic, typically from a truck stop or weighing station. Drivers must proceed with caution or enter the right-hand lane to make room for the trucks.

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Question 11 - keep left What is the meaning of the Keep Left sign?
That you must turn left
That you must pull over to the left
That you must stay to the left
If you see this sign on a single-lane road, you must stay on the left side of the road. On a multi-lane road, you must generally stay in the left lane unless overtaking. Exceptions are made in heavy traffic.
That you must merge to the left

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Question 12 - emergency What should you do if an emergency vehicle is nearby?
Stay alert and pull to the left if they need to pass you.
Upon hearing or seeing emergency vehicle sirens, it's important to stay alert to determine if the emergency vehicle needs to pass you or make its way through an intersection. If it needs to pass you, pull over to the left.
Pull over just in case.
Come to a complete stop.
Keep going as you were.

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Question 13 - passing How long do you need to indicate before overtaking someone?
One second
Two seconds
Three seconds
Three seconds is a good rule of thumb when it comes to indicating. This gives you enough time to double-check to see if the road is clear as well as give other drivers enough notice.
You don't need to if no one's around.

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Question 14 - Road Work Ahead If you see this "Road Work Ahead" sign, what speed limit will you most likely need to travel at?
20km/h
30km/h
40km/h
Roadwork speed limits will vary depending on the traffic at any given time, but generally, 40km/h is a safe speed limit to stick to. This ensures that you and the workers on site can remain safe.
50km/h

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Question 15 - learner What is the maximum speed limit for learners in NSW?
80km/h
90km/h
New South Wales is known for having harsher restrictions on learner drivers. They may only drive up to 90km/h, while in other states they may drive up to 100km/h or at whatever the posted speed limit is.
100km/h
There is no specifed limit

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Question 16 - kangaroo What does a road sign with a kangaroo on it mean?
Watch out for wildlife on the road.
These signs warn you that the area you are in has a large number of kangaroos, so you can avoid any unfortunate road kill incidents. You may also see signs with wombats or camels on them.
There is a kangaroo sanctuary nearby.
There is a kangaroo crossing coming up.
There is a zoo coming up.

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Question 17 - hook turn sign What does the hook turn sign mean?
You can only turn right.
You can only turn left.
You must make a right turn from the left lane.
The city of Melbourne is notorious for its hook turns, which require drivers to perform right turns from the left lane in order to give way to trams. Drivers must approach the middle of the intersection and turn when the traffic clears.
You must make a left turn from the right lane.

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Question 18 - right turn If you are turning right at a set of green traffic lights (as pictured), what should you do?
Turn right, as the traffic going straight has to give way to you.
Wait until the light goes red, then turn quickly.
Wait until the light turns amber, then turn quickly.
Approach the middle of the intersection and turn when the traffic clears.
Not all traffic lights have a separate turn signal. Instead, drivers must approach the middle of the intersection when the light goes green, wait for all other traffic to pass and then perform their right turn.

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Question 19 - t sign What does the T-sign mean?
Transit lane
T-intersection
A road sign with an image resembling a T indicates that you are approaching a T-intersection. This means the road you are on is ending, and that you must yield to traffic on the intersection roadway.
Trucks only
Taking over lane

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Question 20 - Speed This sign is of a black circle with a line going through it. What does it mean?
No stopping
No parking
Drive according to conditions.
This is an unrestricted speed sign, which means you may drive according to the conditions. Such signs are most commonly found in the outback, where there's practically no traffic!
100km/h speed limit

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Question 21 - bus zone What does the "Bus Zone" sign mean?
For buses only
A bus zone is an area allocated specifically for buses to drop off and pick up passengers. Drivers may not park or stop in these spaces, unless they are within the time frame specified on the sign.
Passengers alighting
Hail bus here
For buses and vans

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Question 22 - clearaway You see a clearway sign at a parking spot. What does this mean?
That you must give way
That you must stay clear of the space
Simply put, clearways must be kept clear of vehicles. A specific time frame applies, which will be mentioned on the sign. This helps to facilitate traffic flow during peak hour traffic.
That you can stay in the space
That it is a handicapped spot

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Question 23 - NS What is the difference between these No Stopping and No Standing signs?
One is for cars, one is for pedestrians.
One means you can park, the other means you can't stop at all.
One means you can't stop at all, the other means you can wait with your engine on.
There is no difference.
There is generally no difference between No Standing and No Stopping signs. They both mean that you cannot stop your vehicle there for any reason, even if you are just dropping someone off or picking someone up.

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Question 24 - blind spot What area is known as a driver's blind spot?
Any area where you have a visual impairment
Your peripheral vision
A spot in your side mirror that you cannot see
The term 'blind spot' typically refers to the area that you cannot see in your side mirror. In order to see clearly, you will need to turn your upper torso and head to check if the coast is clear.
Anywhere behind your vehicle

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Question 25 - Y sign What does the Y sign mean?
The road will soon join into one.
The road will soon divide into two.
A sign that resembles a Y indicates that the road you are on will soon divide. This means you must know which lane you need to enter, or prepare to stay in the left lane by default.
There will soon be a median turning bay.
You will have to turn either left or right.

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Question 26 - uturn Can you make a U-turn at any traffic light?
Yes, always
Only if there isn't a "No U-turn sign"
Only if there is a sign that says "U-turns permitted"
Generally, it's best to only perform a U-turn at the traffic lights if there is a sign that specifically says U-turns are permitted. Otherwise, you may also perform a U-turn if there aren't any continuous or unbroken road markings.
No, never

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Question 27 - railway What do red flashing lights mean at a railway crossing?
Come to a complete stop.
Train crossings will typically feature a gate, flashing lights and other warning devices. As soon as the lights start to flash or any sirens start to sound, you must come to a complete stop and only proceed when the warning devices stop.
Proceed with caution.
Turn around.
Hail the train.

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Question 28 - loose rocks This sign depicts two cars, one passing by rocks and the other with a broken windscreen. What does this mean?
That you are in a dangerous area
That roadworks are being conducted
To look out for loose stones
This sign means that drivers must look out for loose stones, which may hit other cars. To minimise risk, drivers are encouraged to drive slowly and cautiously, avoiding rocks where possible.
That there is an accident further up the road

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Question 29 - give way sign What does the give way sign mean on the back of a bus?
That you must let the bus merge in front of you at all times
That you must let the bus in if it is joining traffic from the left-hand side
Typically, drivers are to give way to public transport vehicles, especially in the case of large buses. This means that you must let a bus in if it is indicating to join the stream of traffic from the bus stop or bay.
That you must stop for the bus to make a turn
That you must pull over to give the bus room

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Pedestrians only
Look out for the elderly
Pedestrians may be crossing
Pedestrian crossing ahead
This sign indicates that there is a pedestrian crossing ahead, typically in the form of a zebra crossing. A sign featuring two people simply means to look out for pedestrians in the area.

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Question 31 - truck A long vehicle with a "Do not overtake turning vehicle" sign is trying to turn left from the middle lane. What should you do?
Let it pass before you turn.
Long vehicles need the extra space to turn left, which is why they will often do so from the middle lane. If a vehicle just ahead of you is indicating to turn left, you must slow down and let it pass.
Turn left first.
Speed up so you can get out of its way.
Honk - they should not be turning left from the middle lane.

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Question 32 - T3 Who may travel in this lane, according to the Transit Lane T3 markings on it?
Buses only
Taxis only
Trucks only
Buses, taxis and carpools
Transit lanes (also known as T2 or T3 lanes) are for buses, taxis and other vehicles carrying multiple occupants to enjoy more convenient travel. Emergency vehicles, bikes and motorcycles may also use them.

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Question 33 - children xing You enter an area with this "Children Crossing" sign. What should you do?
Be vigilant of children crossing the road.
Look out for lollypop ladies or men.
Give way to children until it is safe to proceed.
Children Crossing signs or flags are common around schools, and during the signposted hours, drivers must give way to children crossing the road. This means you must remain stationary until it is safe to proceed.
Honk to let the children know you are approaching.

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Question 34 - cyclists This sign has an image of a bicycle on it. What does it mean?
Look out for bicycles.
This common road sign indicates to drivers that they must simply look out for cyclists. If the same symbol is on the road itself, it means it is a bicycle lane, which only cyclists may use.
Bicycle lane only
Give way to bicycles.
Bicycle crossing ahead

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Question 35 - winding This sign has a curved arrow on it. What does it mean?
Must turn left
Must turn right
Sharp turn ahead
Winding road ahead
This sign can be spotted in mountainous areas or other areas which have curved, winding roads. It indicates to drivers that they may not have full visibility around the bends, and must therefore drive carefully.

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Question 36 - light When approaching traffic lights, what does a green light with a red arrow mean?
Drivers must proceed with caution.
Drivers can go straight or turn.
Drivers can go straight, but those in the turning lane must remain stationary.
To aid with the flow of traffic, the green light will often go first for those travelling straight. Then after some time, the right arrow will turn green for those in the right lane.
Drivers can turn but not go straight.

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Question 37 - Livestock You see a sign with a picture of a cow and a sheep. What does this mean?
Approaching rest stop
Approaching petting zoo
Livestock may be crossing ahead.
A sign with a cow and a sheep on it indicates that livestock may be crossing in the area, or that there may be an established crossing for livestock. It is important to drive slowly to not startle the livestock.
You are on a farmer's property.

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Question 38 - crest This uncommon road sign says "crest" on it. What does it mean?
The road climbs or descends.
You are approaching the highest point of a hill.
The "crest" sign indicates to drivers that they are approaching the highest point of the hill or mountain, which means that visibility of the road ahead may be limited. Drive carefully.
The road has speed bumps.
The road is rocky.

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Question 39 - refuge island You are approaching a sign that says "refuge island" - what does this mean?
You are near a refugee centre.
You must give way to pedestrians.
Pedestrians are crossing in stages using the refuge island.
The refuge island sign indicates that pedestrians are crossing in stages by waiting for traffic to pass on the refuge island in the centre of the road. Drivers do not need to give way, but it is worth staying vigilant.
You are approaching a hitchiking point.

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Question 40 - tipping truck This sign depicts a truck leaning over to the side. What does it mean?
Only trucks may turn here.
Trucks may tilt while turning.
A sign with a tilting truck warns truck drivers that they could tip over when driving around the curve of the road or turning. There may also be a recommended speed limit for these heavy vehicles.
Trucks cannot turn here.
Beware of dangerous drivers.

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