How Well Do You Know Basic Spanish Grammar Rules?

EDUCATION

5 PLAYS

By: Becky

5 Min Quiz

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About This Quiz

Are you a Spanish grammar nerd? Take this quiz if you think you've got the guts.

There are several grammar rules that are different in Spanish than they are in English. Most notable among them is the rule that allows the adjective to be placed after the noun in Spanish, whereas in English, the adjective, as a descriptor for the noun, is placed before the noun. In English, we would say, "the red car," whereas in Spanish, we would say "the car red." This can be confusing for many English speakers who are trying to learn Spanish, but this rule applies to other languages - such as French and German - as well.

Spanish, like French and German, is also a gender-based language. That means that words in Spanish are assigned a gender. We don't think of a cup in English as being either male or female, but in Spanish, French and German, a cup is feminine. Because of this way of assigning gender to words, it is important, when learning Spanish, to make sure that you match genders in your sentences. It is not acceptable to mix feminine nouns with masculine adjectives and vice versa.

Confused? Don't be. Take this quiz to see how much you know about basic Spanish grammar rules.

Masculine nouns are words that identify ______.

Masculine nouns are words that identify males. Tío, which means uncle, is a masculine noun.

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Compound nouns that consist of an noun and a verb and that usually end in -s are __________.

Compound nouns that consist of an noun and a verb are masculine. Abrelatas, which means can opener, is a masculine noun-verb combo.

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If a noun is singular, an adjective that modifies it must be _________.

If a noun is singular, an adjective that modifies it must also be singular. There are no exceptions to this rule.

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Every Spanish sentence needs a subject and a ____.

Every Spanish sentence needs a subject and a verb. This rule applies in most languages.

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Adjectives come ______ nouns in Spanish sentences

Adjectives come after nouns in Spanish sentences. In English, we would say "the red ball;" in Spanish, we would say "the ball red."

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Nouns that end in -tad are _________.

Nouns that end in -tad are feminine. Libertad, which means liberty, is a feminine noun.

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Spanish adverbs are used to describe ______.

Spanish adverbs are used to describe verbs. This rule is the same for English speakers.

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To make a Spanish sentence negative, add ___ before the verb.

To make a Spanish sentence negative, add “no” before the verb. It's that simple.

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It is possible in Spanish to use double __________.

It is possible in Spanish to use double negatives. This is a no-no in English.

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Nouns that end in -dad are _________.

Nouns that end in -dad are feminine. Ciudad, which means city, is a feminine noun.

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Nouns that identify females are _________.

Nouns that identify females are feminine. Hija, which means daughter, is a feminine noun.

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Colors used as nouns are _________.

Colors used as nouns are masculine. This is a good rule to remember.

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There are ____ contractions in Spanish.

there are only two contractions in Spanish. They are AL and DEL.

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If a noun is plural, the adjective that modifies it must be _______.

If a noun is plural, the adjective that modifies it must also be plural. Las muchachas altas, which mean the tall girls, has both a plural noun and a plural adjective.

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Dialogues in Spanish start with a _____.

Dialogues in Spanish start with a dash. They end in a normal punctuation mark.

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Names of languages, rivers, seas and oceans are __________.

Names of languages, rivers, seas and oceans are masculine nouns. These are proper nouns.

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In Spanish, quotes are enclosed in _________.

In Spanish, quotes are enclosed in comillas. Comillas look like this : « »

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Days of the week and months of the year are __________.

Days of the week and months of the year are masculine nouns. This is a basic Spanish grammar rule.

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The masculine form of "uno" (one) is ___.

The masculine form of "uno" (one) is un. The feminine form is una.

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"Usted" is the _______ form of the word "you."

"Usted" is the formal form of the word "you." Use this form when you are talking to your boss.

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In Spanish, there are ______ categories of verbs.

In Spanish, there are three categories of verbs. Thiese are ir, er and ar.

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Nouns that end in -a are usually _________.

Nouns that end in -a are usually feminine. Ensalada, which means salad, is a feminine noun.

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If a noun is masculine, the adjective used with it must be __________.

If a noun is masculine, the adjective used with it must also be masculine. El muchacho alto, which means the tall boy, has both a masculine noun (muchacho) and a masculine adjective (alto).

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Yo is a ________ pronoun.

Yo is a singular pronoun. Yo means I.

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Nouns that end in -ambre are __________.

Nouns that end in -ambre are masculine. Alambre, which means wire, is a masculine noun.

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Nosotros is a _______ pronoun.

Nosotros is a plural pronoun. Nosotros means "we."

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To make an adjective that ends in a consonant plural, add ____.

To make an adjective that ends in a consonant plural, add -es. Popular becomes populares.

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In Spanish, the days of the week are not ____________.

In Spanish, the days of the week are not capitalized. In English, the days of the week are capitalized.

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The Spanish language is _______ based.

The Spanish language is gender-based. Most non-English languages are gender-based.

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If a word ends in a vowel, add ____ to make it plural.

If a word ends in a vowel, add "s" to make it plural. Casa becomes casas.

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Nouns that end in -aje are __________.

Nouns that end in -aje are masculine. Equipaje, which means luggage, is a masculine noun.

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How many possessive adjectives are there in Spanish?

There are five possessive adjectives in Spanish. They are mi, tu, su, nuestro and vuestro.

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Spanish has ____ types of superlatives.

Spanish has two types of superlatives. They are relative and absolute.

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If a noun is feminine, the adjective used with it must be _________.

If a noun is feminine, the adjective used with it must also be feminine. La muchacha alta, which means the tall girl, has both a feminine noun (girl) and a feminine adjective (alta).

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Most nouns that end in "o" are __________.

Most nouns that end in "o" are masculine. Año, which means year, is masculine.

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