How Well Do You Know Latin Vocabulary?

By: Olivia Seitz
Estimated Completion Time
2 min
What does the Latin word "fenestra" mean?
hat
fence
window
"Fenestra," or "window," led to the English word, "defenestration." Defenestration means throwing someone out of the window!
orchestra

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What is the English translation of "lumen?"
men's restroom
light
The Latin word "lumen" inspired English words such as "illuminate" and "luminous." It's similar to the other Latin word for light, "lux," which is more commonly used in old Christian hymns and texts.
heaven
loom

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Which of the following is the Latin word for "mind?"
memoria
mentior
mens
"Mens, mentis" is the inspiration for the name of the famous high-IQ community, Mensa. "Mens" also means "intellect" and inspired words such as "mental" and "demented."
meus

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Which of the following is the Latin verb meaning "to increase?"
crescere
A crescendo -- the part of a musical composition in which the intensity or volume of the music begins to increase -- is named after the Latin word "crescere," which means "to increase" or "to grow."
maximere
increcere
puscere

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What does the Latin word "fidelis" mean?
fiddle
faithful
The motto of the Marine corps, "Semper Fidelis," means "Always Faithful" in Latin. Fidelis is the root of the English word "fidelity."
fire
fetching

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What is the translation of the Latin word "occultum?"
sorcery
sect
secret
An interesting alternative translation for "occultum" is "place of concealment." Those two translations go a long way in explaining the roots of the English word "occult."
magic

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What is a Latin word for "joy?"
rejoicia
laetitia
"Laetitia" means "joy." This word was trending in 2016 when Pope Francis published an exhortation titled, "Amoris laetitia," or "Joy of Love."
jovum
jubilatio

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What does the Latin word "faba" mean?
fabulous
favored
bean
A popular egg white substitute called "aquafaba," or quite literally, "bean water," is made from boiling chickpeas in water.
tea

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What is the translation of "carno?"
cannibal
stomach
flesh
"Carno, carnis" means "flesh." It's the root of English words such as "carnal" and "carnivore."
appetite

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What is the Latin word for "soul?"
anima
The word "anima," meaning "life" or "soul," has permeated the English language through such words as "animated," "animation" and "animatronic." The nature of "anima" was greatly debated by Greek and Roman philosophers.
sensus
sol
sciere

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What is the meaning of the Latin word "decimus?"
destruction
docile
percent
tenth
"Decimus" gave rise to the word "decimate." Decimation was a disciplinary practice employed by the Romans against rebellious troops in which every tenth man was cut down.

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Which of the following is the correct Latin word meaning "kiss?"
kissum
osculor
The word "osculor," meaning "kiss," is related to the Latin word for mouth, "os." It gave rise to the word "osculation," which describes a couple kissing.
remus
nuper

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What does the Latin word "castra" mean?
castrate
home
father
camp
The word "castra," or "camp," is frequently found in Roman accounts of military operations. Their armies had to "castra ponere," or pitch camp, during military campaigns.

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What is the meaning of the word "suavis?"
gentle
While today's meaning of "suave" has more to do with smooth sophistication, the original meaning was "gentle" or "sweet."
smooth
good-looking
slick

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What does the Latin word "conjunx" mean?
wife
"Conjunx" means "wife." It's related to the Latin verb "conjungere," which means "to join."
lynx
lover
tryst

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What is the Latin word for "death?"
exuo
dolor
mors
Many English words and expressions come from "mors." The word "mortgage," for example, is an adaptation of a Latin-derived French phrase meaning "death pledge."
moror

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What does the Latin verb "claudere" mean?
to cloud out
to clang
to close
"Claudere," meaning "to close" or "to shut," is the root of "claustrophobia," the fear of small, closed-in spaces.
to open

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What is the Latin word for "courage?"
certe
census
auxillium
virtus
The word "virtus" has many translations, including "virtue," "manliness" and "courage." It was considered by the Romans to be a predominantly male characteristic, which is why it was derived from their word for man, "vir."

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What does the word "hiberna" mean?
sleep
dream
winter quarters
Roman soldiers would establish "hiberna," or "winter quarters," during their military campaigns. The elements were unforgiving and hard on the soldiers, so they had to hunker down for the winter in foreign countries.
hideaway

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What was the Latin word for "emperor?"
rex
duce
imperator
The "imperator," a chief or emperor, would issue "imperati," the orders his soldiers must follow without delay. Hence, we have the English word "imperative" -- something which is most urgent and of utmost importance.
puella

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What was a "census?"
a headcount
a tribute
The word "census" literally translated means "tribute." Today, it refers to the process of counting citizens for record-keeping and demographical information. In Roman times, it was used not only to count people but to collect tax from them.
a tax
an obligatory gift

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What does the Latin verb "ardere" mean?
to mean sincerely
to plant
to be inflamed
"Ardeo, adere" means "to burn," "to blaze" or "to be inflamed." It's the inspiration for the English word "ardent" and is frequently used in conjunction with romance.

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What does the word "bello" mean?
war
The Latin word for war, "bello," inspired English words such as bellicose and belligerent, both descriptions for someone who quickly starts fights.
beautiful
bully
handbell

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What does the Latin word "fiducia" mean?
money
fame
virtue
trust
The Latin word "fiducia" means "trust." It's the root of the English word "fiduciary," someone in a position of trust, frequently from a monetary standpoint.

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Which of the following correctly translate(s) "res?"
thing
matter
deed
all of the above
The pinch hitter for Latin, "res" has many meanings. Today, it's known because of the expression "in medias res," which describes when a story begins "in the middle of things."

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What does the Latin word "aquila" mean?
strong drink
flag
eagle
The eagle was the symbol of Roman legions, and Roman standard bearers would hoist high the image of the eagle in battle. Its alternate meaning is "standard," referring to the long pole that held the eagle's image.
lake

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What was the Latin word for "punishment?"
facile
aliquando
quid
poena
The word "subpoena" comes from the Latin word "poena," meaning punishment. It is also related to the word "penalty."

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Which of these Latin verbs means "to teach" or "to inform?"
patere
habitare
inicere
docere
"Docere," meaning "to teach," is the root of the word "doctrine." A doctrine is an important teaching in a particular religion or set of beliefs.

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What does the Latin word "patria" mean?
fatherland
country
both "fatherland" and "country"
A "patria" is the land of one's fathers, the country to which you have strong feelings of loyalty and belonging. This word gave rise to words like "patriot" and "patriotic."
patriot

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What does the Latin word "incendere" mean?
to set fire to
"Incendere" means "to set fire to" or "to burn" something. It's the root of "incendiary," something that will start fires or a person who wants to start fires (literal or metaphorical).
to shun
to offend
to leave

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What is the Latin word for "voice?"
epistula
vox
"Vox, vocis" means "voice." It's the root of words like "vocal," "invoke" and "vocation."
miles
genitor

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What was a phalanx?
part of one's throat
a toy weapon
a burial jar
a battle position
The Roman phalanx was formed when soldiers interlocked their shields to protect themselves and their fellow soldiers from projectile weapons. It was a successful strategy on the battlefield.

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What is the correct translation of the Latin verb "sentire?"
to dawdle
to think
"Sentire" means "to think," "to feel" or "to perceive." It is the basis of the word "sentient," which describes creatures that are self-aware.
to walk in rigid military form
to wait

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What is the Latin word for "new?"
absum
agere
maximus
novus
"Novus" means "new." An example of its influence on English is the word "novel," which refers to something new and exciting.

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What does the Latin word "verax" mean?
truth
The word "verax," or "truth," inspired the English word "veracity," an adjective which describes the truthfulness of a thing.
tenacity
statue
snake

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