How Well Do You Know The History of Makeup?

By: Isadora Teich
Estimated Completion Time
3 min
Which ancient civilization is often credited for inventing makeup?
Egyptians
Makeup dates back 12,000 years. A lot of proof has been found to suggest ancient Egyptians were amongst the first people on Earth to experiment with cosmetics.
Romans
Vikings
Greeks

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What popular makeup look of the 1920s was the first widely copied?
Flapper
The dramatic flapper look of the 1920s was all the rage. It included dramatic smoky eyes, thinly penciled eyebrows, bright red lips, red nails, heavy blush and a youthful complexion.
Hipster
Pinup
Natural

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For what reasons did ancient societies use makeup and beauty products?
Rituals
Beauty
Health
All of these
In many ancient societies, makeup was used much like it is today, though occasionally with religious elements. For example, the ancient Egyptians used scented oils to soften their skin and mask body odor.

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Chinese and Japanese people used what for a whiter complexion?
Lead
Bird poop
Rice powder
Around 1500 B.C. it was common for Chinese and Japanese citizens to powder their faces with rice powder. This gave them a paler complexion.
Ice

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The first mascara was named after Mabel T.L. Williams, which became a signature of which brand?
L'Oreal
Dr Jart
Amore Pacific
Maybelline
T.L. Williams formulated the first mascara and named it for his sister. It was based on the homemade mascaras many women made themselves in the 1910s.

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Wigs were popular in Elizabethan England: True or false?
True
Blonde and red hair were fashionable for women during this time. Many would dye their hair or wear wigs. Wigs were so popular that it's believed Queen Elizabeth I had more than 80 of them.
False

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When did cosmetics as we know them start to be sold everywhere?
1700s
1900s
After the Industrial Revolution, manufacturers began producing things en masse. This applied to makeup, which rose in popularity dramatically in the 1920s as people sought to emulate the looks of film stars.
1500s
1200s

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Blue eyeshadow was popular during which decade?
1910s
1890s
1980s
Big and bold colors were all the rage during the 1980s. Women went big with bright blues, pinks and purples all over their eyes.
1950s

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What did ancient Chinese and Japanese people do to their teeth?
Paint them
Around 1500 B.C. black and gold teeth were trendy in China and Japan. They would achieve this by painting the teeth.
Pull them out
Whiten them
Straighten them

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Ancient Egyptians used a primitive eyeliner called _________.
Kohl
Ancient Egyptians used to line their eyes with kohl. This was made from a mixture of burnt almonds, oxidized copper, copper ores, lead, ash and ochre.
Ore
Cedar
Gum

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Who wore makeup in ancient Egypt?
Men and women
Both men and women wore cosmetics in ancient Egypt. They used similar products to define their faces and protect their skin from the sun.
Royals only
Children
Just women

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What toxic substance did the women of ancient Greece paint their faces with?
White lead
The women of ancient Greece painted their faces with white lead to get more even and pale complexions. They would also put on fake eyebrows, often made of ox hair.
Aluminum
Anthrax
Arsenic

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The first beauty salons were visited by women:
In groups
Secretly
While during the Edwardian era pressure was put on aging women to look young, many were embarrassed to admit they needed help to do it. Many women would sneak into and out of beauty salons through the back door.
Illegally
Against their will

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Which influential queen publicly denounced makeup?
Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria declared makeup improper and decided it was only fit for actors. Visible makeup decreased in popularity during the Victorian era, though women still wore discreet cosmetics.
Mary, Queen of Scots
Cleopatra
Margaret I of Denmark

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What complexion has been historically prized?
Pale
Throughout history, a white complexion has been prized by numerous societies and cultures. These include the ancient Egyptians, ancient Chinese and Europe throughout the ages.
Dark
Sun kissed
Freckled

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Makeup for women of color was launched during which decade?
1900s
1990s
1970s
During the 1970s, companies began to create, advertise and sell makeup to women of color for the first time. One of the first companies that sold this type of makeup was Fashion Fair.
1930s

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Lipstick was popular in:
Ancient Japan
Ancient Scandinavia
Ancient Africa
Ancient Greece
Around 1000 B.C. crude lipstick came into fashion in ancient Greece. It was made out of ochre clays that were tinted with red iron.

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Ancient Romans tried to treat_________.
Pimples
The ancient Romans tried to fix their pimples with both barley flour and butter. This occurred around 100 A.D.
Dry Skin
Scars
Dry Hair

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Ancient Indians used what to dye their hair?
Henna
Henna has been used as both hair dye and in mehndi -- where complex designs are drawn on the hands and feet of Hindu brides-to-be -- for centuries. It is still used in India and parts of North Africa to this day.
Charcoal
Berries
Corn

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Mascara used to be sold in what form?
Cake
While modern mascaras are packaged as liquids in bottles with brush applicators, that was not always the case. In the early days of mascara, they were packaged as small cakes which needed to be activated with water.
Powder
Gloss
Jelly

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Disco swept America and inspired glittery glamorous makeup looks during which decade?
1910s
1920s
1970s
The fun decadence of disco inspired big looks. Glittery shimmery eyes and bold glossy lips were all the rage.
1990s

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What color hair was highly prized and considered "angelic" in Europe for centuries?
Red
Blonde
Blonde hair was highly sought after, as the feminine ideal was pale skin and gold hair. Women would lighten their hair with mixtures of black sulphur, alum and honey, which they would process in the sun.
White
Brown

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When did pressure start to be put on women to look young?
Edwardian era
In the early 1900s, during the Edwardian era which followed the Victorian era, society began to put pressure on women to look as young as possible. They did this with makeup.
Middle Ages
Victorian era
Ancient Egypt

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Ancient Egyptians used oils and creams to protect themselves from the ________.
Sun
Ancient Egyptians made use of primitive sunscreens to protect their skin from the harsh elements. As they lived in the desert, this mostly included sun and wind.
Rain
Snow
Cold

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When did makeup become polarized as a feminist statement?
1920s
1990s
1960s
During the 1960s feminism came to the forefront. Many women rejected makeup, considering it oppressive to have to conform to beauty standards, while other wore it proudly as a mark of taking control of their own appearance.
2010s

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Ancient Egyptians wore makeup to appease:
Their gods
Egyptians wore heavy kohl around their eyes, a form of primitive eyeliner. They believed that this appeased their god Horace, who favored those in white robes and heavy eye makeup.
The Pharaoh
Men
Trends

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What hair color was fashionable in Elizabethan England?
Black
White
Blue
Red
Queen Elizabeth had naturally bright red hair. Many nobles and upper-class people tried to copy it.

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Ancient Romans used blood in which red beauty product?
Nail polish
Ancient Romans used a gruesome mixture to paint their nails. It contained both sheep fat and sheep blood.
Sun screen
Eye shadow
Eyeliner

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What drastic measure did European women take during the Middle Ages to achieve fashionably pale skin?
Lead makeup
Bloodletting
Pale skin was a sign of wealth in Europe during the Middle Ages. Women would bleed themselves to achieve perfectly pale skin.
Bleaching
Avoiding the sun

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Victorians associated makeup with:
Poets
Prostitutes
Victorians considered bold makeup to be the mark of prostitutes and actors, professions they looked down upon. Women still went to great lengths with more subtle makeup routines.
Soldiers
Royalty

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Red lips and neutral toned eyes were on trend during which decade?
1920s
1950s
The classic 1950s pinup look involves red lips, thin eye brows, neutral eyes and a flawless base. Women were encouraged to run their houses while in full glam.
1980s
2000s

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Which ancient culture used a primitive kind of nail polish?
Aztec
Egyptian
Native American
Chinese
Around 3000 B.C., Chinese royals began to stain their finger nails bright colors with a combination of gum gelatin, beeswax and egg. People of higher classes wore bright colors, while it was forbidden for those of lower classes to do so.

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What part of their face did women start to tattoo in the early 20th century?
Lips
During this time George Burchett, who was known as the "Beauty Doctor," would tattoo lipstick onto women's lips. This painful procedure often had terrible consequences.
Eyebrows
Freckles
Cheekbones

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Perfumes were first imported to Europe from the Middle East following the:
Black Plague
Crusades
During the crusades, European forces traveled to the Middle East. As a result, trade routes opened and perfume began to be available in Europe for the first time in the 1200s A.D.
Moorish Occupation
Fall of the Roman empire

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During the Renaissance, who used cosmetics?
Men
Women
The aristocracy
In Renaissance Europe, only the nobility wore makeup. It was often toxic and did irreparable damage to their skin, as it contained arsenic and lead.
Clergy

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