How Well Do You Know the History of the Crusades?

RELIGION

By: Becky

5 Min Quiz

Image: Real Crusades History

About This Quiz

Did you learn about the Crusades in World History class or did you learn about them by watching documentaries or movies? Regardless of how you learned about them, do you think you can remember the details of Crusades history? Take this quiz to find out.

The Crusades were a series of holy wars fought from 1095 to 1291 throughout Europe and the Middle East. Although the stated goal of the Crusades, started by the Christians, was to regain control of the Holy Land and the holy sites in that area, many historians believe that the actual goal of the Crusades was to eliminate all but Christianity from the religious practices of people all over the world. In reality, the goals of the Crusades likely varied according to the individuals who fought in them.

The Crusades were extremely violent and bloody, and, officially, they lasted for almost 200 years. After the official end of the Crusades in 1291, smaller battles continued to break out throughout Europe and the Middle East. Each of the Crusades, there were nine, resulted in a sort of tug of war, back and forth between the Christians and the Muslims, but the Christians ultimately lost the Crusades.

Can you ace this quiz about the Crusades? Let's get started to find out how well you do.

The Crusades were wars based on what?

The Crusades were wars based on religion. They were between Christians and Muslims.

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What Christian organization was part of the Crusades?

The Knights Templar, the Teutonic Knights, and the Hospitallers were all part of the Crusades. They were all tasked with protecting the Holy Land.

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The Crusades were wars between Christians and ________.

The Crusades were wars between Christians and Muslims. They were fighting over holy sites.

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What did the Muslims call the Christians during the Crusades?

The Muslims referred to the Christian invaders as Franks. The Muslims won the Second Crusade.

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How many Crusade expeditions were there?

There were eight total expeditions in the Crusades. The expeditions occurred between 1096 and 1291.

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What pope was instrumental in the Crusades?

Pope Urban II was instrumental in the Crusades. He granted a request from Emperor Alexius I to help fight the Turks.

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Which Crusade culminated in the Fall of Constantinople?

The Fourth Crusade culminated in the Fall of Constantinople. The Crusaders won that battle.

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King Richard I was known as what?

King Richard I was known as Richard the Lionheart. He ruled England during the Crusades.

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What Crusade fought against heretic Christians in France?

The Albigensian Crusade pitted the Crusaders against what they deemed heretic Christians in France. Most of the latter Crusades were fought against anyone disagreeing with Crusader Christian beliefs.

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King Richard I and Saladin signed a treaty to end what Crusade?

King Richard I and Saladin signed a treaty to end the Third Crusade. The treaty reestablished the Kingdom of Jerusalem.

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Who initiated the Fifth Crusade?

Pope Innocent III initiated the Fifth Crusade. That Crusade was against Egypt, and the Crusaders lost.

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Who controlled Egypt after the Seventh Crusade?

The Mamluks rose to power in Egypt after the Seventh Crusade. They were instrumental in defeating the Crusaders.

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The Crusades ended in what year?

The Crusades ended in 1291. The end signaled the decline of papal authority.

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What event marked the beginning of the Crusades?

The Council of Clermont marked the beginning of the Crusades. During the Council, Christians were urged to take up arms against Muslims.

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Were the Crusades successful?

The Crusades were not successful. The primary goal was to reclaim the Holy Land, which did not happen.

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Who was the emperor of the Byzantine Empire at the start of the Crusades?

Alexios I was the emperor of the Byzantine Empire at the start of the Crusades. He solicited the help of Pope Urban II in this series of holy wars.

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What reward did Crusaders receive from the Church for their participation in the Crusades?

Crusaders received indulgences from the Church for their participation in the Crusades. Indulgences were a sort of forgiveness of sins.

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What Crusade pitted the Germans against the Slavs?

The Wendish Crusade pitted the Germans against the Slavs. The Wendish Crusade was part of the Second Crusade.

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The Muslims were known by what term during the Crusades?

The Muslims were known by the term, Saracen, during the Crusades. Saracen is a derogatory term for Arabs.

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What Crusade was said to be led by children?

The Children's Crusade was said to be led by children. However, historians now believe that it was the poor, not children, who led the Crusade.

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The Crusades were wars between Muslims and __________.

The Crusades were wars between Muslims and Christians. Both sides were fighting to secure holy sites.

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When did the Crusades start?

The Crusades began in 1096. The ended in 1291.

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What Byzantine ruler began the Crusades?

Emperor Alexius I began the Crusades. He had conquered Byzantine in 1081 and seized the throne.

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Whose forces were crushed in the First Crusade?

Peter the Hermit's forces were crushed in the First Crusade. Had he waited for backup, as asked, this Crusade might have ended differently.

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Who won the Second Crusade?

The Muslims won the Second Crusade. During this Crusade, they won Damascus.

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Emperor Frederick II led what country during the Crusades?

Emperor Frederick II led Germany during the Crusades. He conquered Jerusalem during the Sixth Crusade.

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Who had a letter from Heaven instructing him to lead the Crusades?

Peter the Hermit said he had a letter from Heaven instructing him to lead the Crusades. He wanted Christians to prepare for the Apocalypse.

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What people were massacred during the Rhineland massacres?

Jews were massacred during the Rhineland massacres. The Rhineland massacres took place during the First Crusade.

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Who did not participate in the First Crusade?

Neither Philip I of France or Emperor Henry IV participated in the First Crusade. However, some people from France and Germany did participate unofficially.

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What skill did the Turks use during the First Crusade?

The Turks employed mounted archers during the First Crusade. These skills were formerly unknown to the Crusaders.

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What law gave Crusaders the right to keep the land they conquered?

The Law of Conquest gave Crusaders the right to keep the land they conquered. This law enabled poor Crusaders to become rich.

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Louis IX led what country during the Seventh Crusade?

Louis IX led France during the Seventh Crusade. He failed at conquering Egypt.

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What empire initiated the Crusades?

The Byzantine Empire initiated the Crusades. They sought help from Pope Urban II.

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What public decree called for the Second Crusade?

Quantum praedecessores called for the Second Crusade. Quantum praedecessores was the first papal bull.

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Which Crusade is typically viewed as the prelude to the First Crusade?

The People's Crusade is typically viewed as the prelude to the First Crusade. This Crusade was led by preacher, Peter the Hermit.

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