How Well Do You Know the Women of the Old Testament?

By: Zoe Samuel

How Well Do You Know the Women of the Old Testament?
Image: PNN News and Ministry Network (www.ppsimmons.com)

About This Quiz

The Old Testament is full of colorful characters, and while it is heavily skewed toward giving us more information about the men than their counterparts, it does have some pretty badass ladies in it. There are women who overturn unjust inheritance laws to claim their equal share. There are women who take and hold thrones of mighty kingdoms, and who demand equal treatment from fellow rulers. There are women of integrity who refuse to allow poverty or even being a refugee to be grounds for compromising what they believe in. They're not all working with the good guys, though - there are also idolaters, evil prophets, con women, thieves, tricksters and all manner of female villains.

How well do you remember these women? Sure, you probably read some Bible stories as a child and you might have even attended church or Sunday school. Still, we all know that as kids, we spent most of that time passing notes to our friends and generally doing anything but actually listening. If we know the Bible well, it's probably because we chose to familiarize ourselves later on. So let's see whether you've done a good job getting good and knowledgeable about the Good Book!

Who is the wife of Boaz?
Miriam
Ruth
Ruth has her own book because she is a heroic figure who doesn't let being poor get in the way of pursuing her goals. She is known for her loyalty and integrity.
Gomer
Sarah

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From which tree in Eden did Eve actually eat?
Knowledge
There are two trees in Eden - Knowledge and Life. Eve ate from the former which gives knowledge of good and evil, not from the latter which would give immortality.
Life
Evil
Sexuality

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How did Abigail help out David before he became king?
She dissuaded him from rash revenge.
David was mad at Abigail's first husband Nabal, who had short-changed him. Abigail made him stop short of doing something rash while he was in a weak position fleeing from Saul.
She taught him many languages.
She taught him how to manage money.
She loaned him a horse.

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Who was the second wife of Jacob?
Rachael
Jacob worked seven years to earn the hand of Rachael, but her father tricked him into giving him his other daughter Leah instead, who was veiled. Jacob had to work another seven years to get Rachael's hand. This is the origin of a Jewish tradition whereby the groom must see the bride before the wedding and veil her himself - partly it symbolizes love and protection, but partly it's so he can check it's the right woman!
Leah
Rebekah
Sarah

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Which queen visited Solomon bearing gifts?
The Queen of Phoenicia
The Queen of Sheba
Sheba was probably in modern day Yemen and/or Ethiopia, on either side of the Red Sea. It was a powerful and prosperous land whose queen wanted to meet Solomon, whose wisdom and wealth she had heard about. They exchanged gifts and in some versions of the story, they had a child.
The Queen of Assyria
The Queen of Babylon

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To whom was Bathsheba married before David?
Nobody, she was a virgin.
Uriah the Hittite
David loved Bathsheba but she was married, so she left her husband for him. This was very taboo and the Biblical narrative frowns on it. However, their love produced their wise son Solomon, so it wasn't a sad story in the end.
Nobody, she was a widow.
Reuben the Moabite

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Which is the only woman whose age is mentioned in the Bible?
Sarah
The Bible says Sarah, wife of Abraham, lived to 127!
Rebekah
Leah
Rachael

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Who was the mother of the prophet Samuel?
Hannah
She promised God that if she bore a child she would dedicate that child to the Lord.
Hagar
Hephzibah
Hildah

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Who is the parent of Ezekiel, the major prophet?
Gomer
Buzi
It's not clear if Buzi is a male or female parent, but it's believed she may be Ezekiel's mother. She is a Zadokite, probably from a priestly family.
Miriam
Anna

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Who is the wicked wife of Ahab?
Naamah
Jezebel
Jezebel is famous for being very wicked. She was a Phoenician princess who married Ahab and introduced idolatry and sin to the kingdom.
Bilhah
Zilpah

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Who was the wife of Jehoram, king of Judah?
Jezebel
Athaliah
As the daughter of Jezebel and Ahab, Athaliah was very wicked and corrupt!
Absalom
Naamah

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Who is the only female judge of Israel?
Deborah
Deborah was a great leader and a judge of Israel during the period of judges.
Zilpah
Huldah
Hannah

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What was Joab planning to do to Abel-Bethmaach before a wise woman persuaded him not to?
Renege on a promise to marry
Destroy the whole city to punish one man
Joab was a nephew of King David and had a vengeful streak. The wise woman of Abel-Bethmaach persuaded him to not destroy the whole city to punish one man.
Burn down his own house due to a possessed goat that was living in it
Poison the water supply

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How many wives did Solomon have?
1000
300
700
Supposedly he had 700 wives and 300 concubines. Still, it's likely this is authorial exaggeration.
200

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Where did Ruth come from?
Moab
Ruth was a Moabite by birth but she adopted the people of her mother-in-law Naomi.
Canaan
Egypt
Tyre

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Who was the concubine of Abraham and mother of Ishmael?
Bilhah
Hagar
Hagar was Sarah's handmaid meaning a servant and companion. Sarah was not fertile so Hagar and Abraham bore a child together. Fortunately Sarah was later fertile and so Abraham ended up with two sons.
Zilpah
Huldah

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Who was the first wife of the king Ahasueros?
Esther
Vashti
Vashti was set aside when she refused to go along with Ahasueros' unreasonable demands, which he made thanks to his evil adviser Haman. Esther, the new wife, was an Israelite woman who was a little cleverer at manipulating her rather easily bamboozled husband.
Sarah
Haggith

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What is Rachel's relationship to Bilhah, the mother of Dan and Naphtali?
She was her sister.
She was her mother.
Bilhah was her handmaid.
Bilhah and Rachael's story is not the origin of the idea of a handmaid as proxy childbearer - that dubious honor belongs to Hagar and Sarah. A handmaid was a sort of servant and companion.
Bilhah was her friend.

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How did Achsah, daughter of Caleb, make sure her dowry was adequate?
She demanded ownership of freshwater springs to make sure the fields were irrigated.
Achsah was a great example of early leaning in. She was given land, but she knew it was worthless without water and so asked for - and received - more than one spring.
She started a business.
She swapped fields with another woman so they each had beachfront access.
She demanded a fair share of the goats.

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Who was the wife of the minor prophet Hosea?
Deborah
Huldah
Gomer
Pretty much the only thing we know about Gomer is that she was either very promiscuous or a prostitute - but Hosea married her anyway and didn't have an issue with it.
Hagar

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What was the achievement of Hoglah, daughter of Zelophehad?
She won the right for daughters to inherit.
Inheritance laws excluded all girls, so the daughters of Zelophehad teamed up to defy the law and got it changed.
She was the first female tribal leader in her nation.
She built a new kind of ship.
She was a great prophet.

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What was the relationship of Jemima to Job?
She was his wife.
She was his daughter.
Jemima was a daughter of Job from his second family - the one he got after his first family were killed by Satan in an effort to prove that suffering would cause Job's faith to wobble.
She was his lawyer.
She killed members of his family.

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Who was Abraham's wife after Sarah?
Keturah
After Sarah's passing, Abraham married Keturah.
Rebekah
Leah
Eve

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Who was the beloved wife of Rehoboam, son of Solomon?
Adoniyya
Maacah
Maacah was Rehoboam's wife and he loved her very much. Unfortunately he was not a very good king - but at least he was a decent husband!
Haggith
Rebekah

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Who was the sister of Moses and Aaron, who helped them bring about the Exodus?
Puah
Shiphrah
Miriam
Miriam is one of the heroes of the Exodus who helped keep up pressure on Pharaoh to let her people go and also organized the flight from Egypt.
Yocheved

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How did God reward the Shunammite woman who showed hospitality to the prophet Elisha?
She was given wealth.
She was given a freshwater spring on her land.
She was given a son.
Her husband wanted to give Elisha a meal but the Shunammite woman insisted that they follow all the rules of hospitality.
She lived to old age in good health.

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What was the role of Rahab in the battle of Jericho?
She led the armies of the city.
She was a local woman who betrayed her people and helped Joshua and the Israelites win.
Without Rahab, the wandering Hebrews might very well not have been able to enter the Promised Land to which they were returning following the Exodus. She was a sort of Trojan Horse for the good guys!
She helped the citizens of Jericho escape.
She designed the walls.

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How did Shiphrah help save lives in Egypt?
She killed three Egyptian soldiers pursuing the fleeing Hebrews.
She tricked one of the priests into showing up at the wrong palace so he couldn't undermine Moses.
She made sure there was a clean water supply.
She lied to the authorities about how many boys were born.
Shiphrah was a midwife who lied to the Egyptians that the Hebrew women were giving birth quickly so she could not get there in time to kill the boys, as ordered by Pharaoh. This meant the boys could be hidden and their lives saved. This is one of the first recorded examples of civil disobedience. God rewarded Shiprah and other midwives like her with "houses" meaning not literal houses, but instead dynasties.

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Why was the wife of Haman so evil?
She cheated on her husband.
She tried to get Esther killed.
She was an idolater.
She advised her husband to kill Mordecai for crimes he didn't commit.
Zeresh, the wife of Haman, was also a power-hungry and evil person who wanted to kill the Jews and also anyone who stood in her way.

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What did Sheerah achieve?
She killed a dragon.
She founded three cities.
Sheerah is mentioned in Chronicles where she founded Lower and Upper Beth-horon, and Uzzen-sheerah, which bore her name.
She met an angel and persuaded it to build her a house.
She led a tribe across a frozen river.

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Who was the second wife of King David?
Ahinoam
Ahinoam was David's wife and mother of the crown prince, though her son did not become king.
Bathsheba
Haggith
Adoniyya

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How did Judith help destroy the Assyrians?
She cut the head off their general.
Judith is from an apocryphal book. She helps deceive the evil Assyrian general Holofernes by promising him information on the Israelites then waits until he is drunk and cuts his head off, resulting in the Israelites winning the fight.
She led an army against them.
She spied on them.
She gave them a map that sent them the wrong way.

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How did Jehosheba ensure the ascension of Jehoash?
She killed all his rivals.
She groomed him for office.
She put up money to back his cause.
She hid him before Athaliah could kill him.
Jehosheba was the aunt of the heir to the throne, Jehoash. When Athaliah ordered the massacre of all competing claimants on the throne, Jehosheba hid her infant nephew in the Temple for six years in order to save his life.

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How did Manoah help her overly emotional husband?
She calmed him after he was panicked due to a visit from God.
Manoah was the mother of Samson. After the Lord appeared to her and her husband to tell them they would conceive a son after being infertile before, Manoah was able to reassure her husband, who thought that seeing the Lord would mean death: if God meant death, she said, they would have died. Fortunately she was able to calm her husband.
She gave him some money.
She represented him in a legal matter.
She slapped him at the necessary moment.

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How did Moses meet his wife Zipporah?
She was an Egyptian princess.
She was the daughter of Jethro, whose tribe he met wandering in the desert.
Moses met Jethro when he was in the desert after leaving the palace having realized he was a Hebrew and being exiled.
She was the ruler of a tribe in the Sinai desert.
She was a princess from Phoenicia who Pharaoh wanted him to marry.

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