How Well Do You Know Your Tractors?

By: Gavin Thagard
Estimated Completion Time
4 min
Farm animals Something's always left behind as innovation occurs. Do you know which farm animal was replaced by the tractor?
Pigs
Horses
Horses remained prevalent farm animals until the 1940s, as they couldn't fully be replaced before that. The reason they lasted for nearly 35 years after tractors came about was that farmers couldn't afford tractors during the Great Depression, but WWII changed that.
Herd dogs
Cows

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Subsoiler If you need to dig deep into the ground to further till the soil, what would you use?
Interior soiler
Depth soiler
Subsoiler
Typically using a single blade with a sharpened tip, subsoilers can penetrate tough soil, piercing the ground to depths of around 12 inches. This process can be used to help with drainage problems, as it loosens the soil so the water can drain.
Trisoiler

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Backhoe Name the type of tractor attachment that uses a bucket connected to a hinged arm to excavate the land.
Forklift
Backhoe
Backhoes are used to pull dirt toward the back of a tractor, which is where its name comes from. The arm of the backhoe consists of two parts: the boom that's attached to the tractor and the dipper that holds the bucket.
Grinder
Scraper

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Haulm topper A haulm topper can be attached to a tractor to help with the production of which crop?
Corn
Tomatoes
Potatoes
Since potatoes grow in the ground, the crop has to be trimmed down to make harvesting the potatoes easier. A haulm topper serves this purpose by trimming the crop without removing the potatoes from the ground.
Bell peppers

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tractor To let out harmful gases, how are tractor exhaust pipes designed?
Horizontal to the back
Horizontal to the front
Horizontal to the side
Vertical to the sky
There are many benefits of having an exhaust pipe run vertically from the tractor toward the sky. One of the biggest benefits is that the exhaust fumes won't damage the crops below as the tractor runs over them.

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planter A planter is a piece of farm equipment that plants seeds. What's another name for this process?
Drill
Pollinate
Sow
When it comes to sowing seeds, it's important to know how deep the seeds can be planted to grow appropriately. Seeds planted too far into the ground won't muster enough energy to ever pierce through the soil.
Spade

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Tractor What's the purpose of a differential lock on a tractor, a system usually engaged by using a pedal?
Helps with traction
The differential lock causes both of the tires on each side of the tractor to operate as one unit instead of separately, which means they spin at the same speed. This means a tire won't continuously spin in the mud while the other tire doesn't move, providing better traction.
Keeps the tractor from moving
Locks all tires from spinning
Locks the tires on one side of the tractor

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1928 John Deere  GP John Deere is one of the most well-known tractor companies in the business. When did its first major tractor hit the market?
1907
1918
When John Deere purchased the Waterloo Engine Company in 1918, the Waterloo Boy became their first major tractor to hit the market. Thousands of these tractors were sold to farmers between 1918 and 1924, at which time John Deere came out with the Model D.
1946
1959

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The Ultimate Farm Equipment Identification Quiz 1 Do you know what's used to keep a tractor from rolling on top of the operator?
Outer cage
Tip-over bar
Roll-over protection structure
Tractors are the leading cause of death on farms, with most of those deaths being due to overturns. However, a rollover protection structure used in unison with a seat belt can prevent deaths 99 percent of the time.
Internal framing

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Tractor The vehicle's primary purpose, tractor comes from the latin word "trahere," which means what?
To push
To power
To load
To drag
Though tractor comes from "trahere," the immediate predecessor to the word was "traction engine." However, the use of tractor to mean "an engine or vehicle for pulling" dates to the very end of the 19th century.

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Diesel engine There are many benefits to a diesel engine in a tractor, but what's not one of those benefits?
They use spark plugs.
Spark plugs are critical for gas engines because they are part of the ignition system, which gets the engine to start. Since a diesel engine doesn't require the same level of heat to fire up, they use glow plugs as part of the ignition system.
They can be stored without being used.
They have more power than gas engines.
They don't have distributor caps.

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Tractor on road Get stuck behind a tractor on the road, and you'll realize they don't have much speed. Why do they sacrifice speed?
Reliability
Endurance
Power
Because speed isn't necessarily important on a farm, tractors are built to achieve their purpose of dragging equipment along. To accomplish this, a tractor engine is built with less horsepower so that it can maintain its pull power even as the RPMs drop.
Handling

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manual gear shift knob You're not getting very far on a tractor if you can't use the clutch. Do you know its purpose?
Raises the front end
Lowers the back end
Shifts gears
The clutch on a tractor is used much like the clutch on a manual car, as both help the vehicle shift gears. However, unlike a car, a tractor can start in a high gear, like fourth gear, without having to shift through the other gears first.
Starts the tractor

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Reel type gang mowers cutting grass Producing a consistent cut for lawns, name the mower attachment that has multiple helical blades rotating in a circular motion.
Reel mower
A reel mower attachment cuts grass in a scissoring motion using anywhere between three and seven blades. It's the most common type of mowing equipment used to cut the grass at golf courses, where an even cut is required.
Flail mower
Drum mower
Rotary mower

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1939 John Deere H A little momentum can go a long way. How were the earliest tractors powered to get their momentum moving forward?
Coal
The steam tractor, which used coal as its power source, was inspired by the steam engine that powered trains and boats. These engines were used in tractors until the 1920s, when combustion engines became prevalent.
Water
Gas
Timber

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5100 Tractor Tractors are designed to pull equipment. What's the proper name for these attachments?
Apparatuses
Devices
Implements
Implements originally pulled by horses did not directly translate when the first tractors started coming out. Though some farmers tried to attach implements meant for animals, it often resulted in injuries or mechanical problems because tractors wouldn't stop when a problem arose, like if the implement caught a tree stump.
Utensils

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Swinging_drawbar,_PTO,_John_Deere Are you familiar enough with tractors to know what's used to attach equipment to the tractor?
Anchor
Drawbar
Tractors are not the only type of hauling vehicle that utilizes drawbars. These couplings are used to attach loads to a variety of transport equipment including trains and roadway vehicles.
Coupler
Hook

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Three point hitch Can you identify the hitch that became popular for tractors when it was pushed by Henry Ferguson?
Rear receiver hitch
Gooseneck hitch
Pintle hitch
Three-point hitch
Using three points of attachment, the three-point hitch helps disperse the weight of farm equipment on the drive wheels of a tractor. Distributing this weight provides the tractor with more traction as it moves along.

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Farmer and Tractor Most modern hitches can lift equipment by using what technology?
Compression
Hydraulics
Though not all hydraulic systems are exactly the same, there are a few components they must all have in common. Those components are a container for the fluids, a pump, a valve and a cylinder, all of which work together to make the hydraulics operate.
Pumps
Belts

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Backhoe When an implement is in use, it needs power. How's this done?
Power lever
Power rim
Power takeoff
The power takeoff became popular in North America in the 1930s, which had a huge benefit on agriculture. The stubs that are operated by the power takeoff, however, are extremely dangerous and have been a major cause of farm injuries.
Power rotor

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Universal_joint Giving a rod the ability to bend in any direction, which type of joint is used to transmit rotary motion?
Universal joint
The universal joint has been around for over 2,000 years, where it was once used by ancient Chinese civilizations. The earliest versions of the joint used interlocking rings to allow candles to remain upright while in motion.
Hinge joint
Pivot joint
Pin joint

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Tractor Tractors need what type of torque to work effectively?
Weak
Strong
Low
High
Torque is important for the movement of a tractor, as it relates to the amount of force a tractor can generate. However, the torque also benefits the attachments on a tractor because it determines how much rotational power a tractor can exert.

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Tractor Loader Are you familiar with the purpose of a front end loader on a tractor?
Pick up hay
Attach equipment to the front
Move around material
Front end loaders on a tractor can be very dangerous because they change the weight of the tractor, affecting its center of gravity. To help combat this, tractor operators can keep the bucket low to the ground while moving so that the bucket will hit the ground if the tractor starts to tip over.
Cut grass

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Tractor You're not rolling very far without wheels. How would you best describe tractor wheels?
Smaller in the front
Tractors wheels are larger in the back and smaller in the front for two main reasons. First, this helps to keep the front of the tractor from rising up since the axle is higher off the ground. Second, the engine is at the front of the tractor, so larger tires in the back help balance out the weight.
Larger in the front
All the same size
The same size with more grip in the front

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GridCON tractor Modern tractor tires are made out of which type of material?
Steel
Wood
Aluminum
Rubber
Prior to the implementation of rubber tires, tractors primarily used steel tires, which caused great discomfort for the operators. The 1930s saw a change to rubber tires, as testing throughout the decade proved that rubber tires were far superior to their steel predecessors.

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High Clearance Tractor In the earliest years, who dominated the tractor market?
Automobile companies
Around 75 percent of the tractor market in the United States was controlled by Ford in 1923. Only five years later, though, competition had grown so fierce that Ford was out of the tractor business.
Farm equipment producers
Railroad companies
Steamboat companies

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Grape Harvester Do you know what the number one selling tractor in the world is?
John Deere
Mahindra
After teaming with International Harvester in 1962, Mahindra started developing tractors for its market in India, where the company was founded. The company wouldn't enter the American market until 1994, but has since come to dominate its competition because of the tractor's reliability on tough terrains.
Kubota
New Holland

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Cultivator Every farmer needs help during planting season. Identify the farm equipment that tills the soil.
Swather
Baler
Yard scraper
Cultivator
A cultivator can be used both before planting and after planting. Before planting a crop, the cultivator helps stir the soil to make planting easier. After a crop is planted, a cultivator can destroy weeds that may damage a crop.

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Manure spreader A muck spreader can benefit any farmer, but can you recall what it spreads?
Water
Manure
Manure helps fertilize the soil for planting crops but can be both labor-intensive and unpleasant to spread. To make this process easier, muck spreaders were invented with the capability of both breaking up the manure and spreading it evenly across the ground.
Beans
Compost

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Hanomag_R217_17PS_1958 Sickle Mower Which type of mowing equipment uses a long bar with mounted fingers to cut down grass?
Rotary mower
Reel mower
Flail mower
Sickle mower
A sickle mower attachment is best for mowing down tall grass or thick vegetation. This type of mower has this benefit because the cut vegetation won't get tangled up in a series of spinning blades like in other mowing equipment.

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Bale lifter Tractors can move bales of hay around using what type of equipment?
Bale toter
Bale transport
Bale haul
Bale lifter
Bales of hay are rolled into a round shape to prevent contact with the ground to keep the bale from rotting. These round bales, which are too large to be carried by hand, are hauled around using a bale lifter on a tractor.

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The Tractor Quiz 2 To help farming tractors turn, how many brakes do they have?
1
2
When a tractor is pulling a load, the load is taken off the front tires, resulting in a lack of steering control. To combat this, tractors come with two brakes, which allows a tractor to make a much tighter turn.
3
4

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compact tractor Tractors don't come in one size. Select the proper name for a small tractor with less power but that still has agricultural uses.
Miniature tractor
Compact utility tractor
Compact utility tractors have a 540 RPM PTO and are capable of using many of the implements that a larger tractor can. However, these tractors usually weigh less than 4,000 pounds, and their attachment output is less than 40 PTO.
Sports tractor
Economic purposed tractor

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Row Crop Tractor So as to not destroy a crop, which type of tractor is used to drive through a crop?
Row-crop tractor
Tires on row-crop tractors are designed where they can appropriately space themselves out so they don't run over a crop but instead run in the rows between crops. Though the term is not often used today, row-crop tractors can be traced back to the 1920s.
Overhead tractor
Spaced-crop tractor
Vertical tractor

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Challenger Tractor Track Suspension Can you identify the type of tractor propulsion system that operates using a continuous band of threads?
Two-wheel drive
Four-wheel drive
Pedrail wheel
Track
Track systems can benefit a tractor user who wants to spread the contact pressure of the tractor across the ground. However, spreading this contact pressure depends on the psi of an inflated tire, as tires with less than 20 psi are actually better for the ground than a track system.

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