The Ultimate Katmai National Park Quiz

By: HowStuffWorks.com Contributors

The Ultimate Katmai National Park Quiz
Image: iStockphoto.com/Scott Arko

About This Quiz

Katmai National Park is a vast, barren, wilderness almost void of vegetation. A gigantic Alaskan volcano spewed forth so much lava and ash that one mountain collapsed as it was being replaced by another nearby, creating a unique landscape. Take our quiz to learn more about the amazing Katmai National Park.
Where is Katmai National Park Located?
Wyoming
Arizona
Alaska
Katmai National Park is located on Alaska's southern coast. It has been a national park since 1980.

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What is the best way to get to Katmai National park?
by airplane
In order to reach the park you must fly there from Anchorage. There are no roads to Katmai National Park.
the Alaska Highway
ferryboat

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If you have to fly in to the park, what accommodations are available there besides camping?
cabins
lodges
both of the above
The national park has three lodges, cabins, camping, and a wilderness retreat.

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What is a main attraction for which Katmai National park is noted?
glacial ice
volcanic destruction
A main attraction is the extreme volcanic destruction that is evident in the park. The area is still void of almost any vegetation in the devastated area.
ridges covered in permafrost

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What is the name of the volcano that was responsible for the most recent eruption in the area that is now the park?
Novarupta
The Novarupta Volcano south of Iliamna Lake in southwestern Alaska exploded as if a nuclear missile had struck the area. The Aniakcak is an inactive volcano located in the Alaska Peninsula, which is not in the park.
Kilowatta
Aniakchak

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In what year did the Novarupta volcano erupt?
1897
1912
On June 6, 1912, the Novarupta volcano erupted after a week of severe earthquakes. In what was one of the three most powerful volcanic explosions ever recorded, the entire top of the mountain was violently blown off.
1932

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What is the estimated volume of displaced material from the Novarupta Volcano?
one and a half cubic miles
three cubic miles
seven cubic miles
Scientists estimate the total volume of displaced material was more than seven cubic miles. This is twice the amount expelled by the 1883 Krakatoa explosion in Indonesia.

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What is the name of a nearby river valley that was buried debris from the eruption of the volcano?
Canning River Valley
Kasilof River Valley
Ukak River Valley
The lush Ukak river valley was buried beneath 700 feet of incandescent ash that reached temperatures of up to 2,000°F (1,093 C). The eruption was the world's largest eruption during the 20th century.

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What was the estimated force of the Novarupta volcano when compared to the eruption of Mount St. Helens?
ten times the force
This force of the eruption is estimated to have had ten times the force of the 1980 eruption of Washington State’s Mount St. Helens. It left the valley a lifeless moonscape of desolation.
five times the force
two times the force

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What is the name of the valley that forms the centerpiece of Katmai National Park?
Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes
The Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes forms the centerpiece of the park. The thousands of fumaroles that sent jets of steam as high as 10,000 feet and gave the valley its name are all gone now.
Valley of Steaming Vents
Valley of Pumice

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What is the name of the man who discovered the Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes?
Ernest Shackleton
Robert Griggs
Robert Fiske Griggs was a botanist who led a 1915 National Geographic expedition to observe the aftermath of the Katmai volcanic eruption. In June 1917, he set out again with a team of explorers to successfully discover the Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes.
Dr. Robert Stein

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How large is the Katmai National Park?
almost five million acres
The Katmai National Park extends over almost 5 million acres. The terrain is made up of forested valleys, streams, mountains, and volcanic terrain.
almost three million acres
almost one and a half million acres

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For what else is Katmai National Park famous?
Pacific Salmon
Alaskan Elks
Brown Bears
The national park is famous for its abundance of Alaskan brown bears. The bears can be observed up close as they fish for salmon in the park’s rivers.

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What is the name of the spot where there is an observation platform to observe the bears as they fish?
King Salmon Ridge
Brooks Falls
Alaskan brown bears gather on the Brooks Falls each summer to feed on sea-run salmon. You can see as many as 60 bears at a time up close and personal, from specially constructed observation facilities.
Pacific Rapids

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How high is the Novarupta dome of volcanic rock?
600 feet
400 feet
200 feet
Novarupta is a dome of volcanic rock soaring 200 feet in the air and is believed to be the extrusion plug of the 1912 eruption. Geologists believe that most of the lava and ash was emitted from Novarupta.

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What is the name of the mountain that collapsed during the eruption of Novarupta?
Mount Katmai
After the 1912 volcanic eruption spewed much of the interior of Mount Katmai out in the form of ash and pumice, a large caldera formed after the mountain collapsed in on itself. This caldera contains a pristine lake that can be viewed from the rim of the mountain.
Mount Rubble
Mount Griggs

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Are there any active volcanoes left in the park?
There are still 20 active volcanoes in the park.
There are still 15 active volcanoes in the park.
Katmai is a wilderness wonderland of mountains, rivers, and forested valleys. Mixed among the beautiful sites are still 15 active volcanoes, with many emitting steam from their open vents and fissures.
There are still 10 active volcanoes in the park.

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About how many Alaskan brown bears make the park their home?
50 to 100
110 to 180
200 to 300
The park may contain the world's largest protected population of brown bears. Between 200 and 300 of the gigantic animals roam through the park's backcountry areas.

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What is the average weight of the Alaskan brown bear?
1,500 pounds
1,000 pounds
The brown bear is North America's largest land carnivore. Averaging 1,000 pounds in weight and up to 10 feet long, the bears spend long Alaskan winters in dens excavated in the hillsides.
850 pounds

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What is the name of the distant Canadian city that experienced acid rain from the volcano that burned up clothing hanging on clotheslines?
Vancouver, British Columbia
For hundreds of miles the daylight sky was darkened by thousands of tons of ash thrown more than 30,000 feet into the sky. Global temperatures cooled for weeks, and as far away as Vancouver, British Columbia, acid rain burned up clothing that was hanging outdoors to dry.
Edmonton, Alberta
Calgary, Alberta

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You Got:
/20
iStockphoto.com/Scott Arko

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