Katmai National Park is a vast, barren, wilderness almost void of vegetation. A gigantic Alaskan volcano spewed forth so much lava and ash that one mountain collapsed as it was being replaced by another nearby, creating a unique landscape. Take our quiz to learn more about the amazing Katmai National Park.
Where is Katmai National Park Located?
Katmai National Park is located on Alaska's southern coast. It has been a national park since 1980.
What is the name of the volcano that was responsible for the most recent eruption in the area that is now the park?
The Novarupta Volcano south of Iliamna Lake in southwestern Alaska exploded as if a nuclear missile had struck the area. The Aniakcak is an inactive volcano located in the Alaska Peninsula, which is not in the park.
On June 6, 1912, the Novarupta volcano erupted after a week of severe earthquakes. In what was one of the three most powerful volcanic explosions ever recorded, the entire top of the mountain was violently blown off.
What is the name of the man who discovered the Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes?
Robert Fiske Griggs was a botanist who led a 1915 National Geographic expedition to observe the aftermath of the Katmai volcanic eruption. In June 1917, he set out again with a team of explorers to successfully discover the Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes.
What is the name of the spot where there is an observation platform to observe the bears as they fish?
King Salmon Ridge
Alaskan brown bears gather on the Brooks Falls each summer to feed on sea-run salmon. You can see as many as 60 bears at a time up close and personal, from specially constructed observation facilities.
Novarupta is a dome of volcanic rock soaring 200 feet in the air and is believed to be the extrusion plug of the 1912 eruption. Geologists believe that most of the lava and ash was emitted from Novarupta.
What is the name of the mountain that collapsed during the eruption of Novarupta?
After the 1912 volcanic eruption spewed much of the interior of Mount Katmai out in the form of ash and pumice, a large caldera formed after the mountain collapsed in on itself. This caldera contains a pristine lake that can be viewed from the rim of the mountain.
Katmai is a wilderness wonderland of mountains, rivers, and forested valleys. Mixed among the beautiful sites are still 15 active volcanoes, with many emitting steam from their open vents and fissures.
What is the name of the distant Canadian city that experienced acid rain from the volcano that burned up clothing hanging on clotheslines?
Vancouver, British Columbia
For hundreds of miles the daylight sky was darkened by thousands of tons of ash thrown more than 30,000 feet into the sky. Global temperatures cooled for weeks, and as far away as Vancouver, British Columbia, acid rain burned up clothing that was hanging outdoors to dry.