# Safety First: Kitchen Safety Quiz

2 min
Image: iStockphoto/jcphoto

There are many old wives' tales and urban legends associated with food and kitchen safety. But this, obviously, is an area where you don't want to mess around with myths and half-truths. You might think you know it all, but you should take our quiz.
How hot should the inside of a hamburger be before you take it off the grill?
100 degrees Fahrenheit (38 degrees Celsius)
160 degrees Fahrenheit (71 degrees Celsius)
210 degrees Fahrenheit (99 degrees Celsius)

According to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), even if a burger is brown in the middle, it might not be hot enough to safely eat. You should use a food thermometer to make sure it's 160 degrees Fahrenheit (71 degrees Celsius).

How much of a time window do you have between leaving the grocery store and refrigerating your food?
30 minutes
two hours
three hours

You have two hours to get everything into the fridge. But if it's more than 90 degrees Fahrenheit (32 degrees Celsius) out there, you have only one hour. So hop to it!

What's the highest safe temperature for your refrigerator?
32 degrees Fahrenheit (0 degrees Celsius)
36 (2.2 degrees Celsius)
40 degrees Fahrenheit (4 degrees Celsius)

Bacteria multiply most rapidly between 40 degrees Fahrenheit (4 degrees Celsius) and 140 degrees Fahrenheit (60 degrees Celsius), so your fridge should always be below 40 degrees Fahrenheit (4 degrees Celsius).

How hot can an electric stove burner coil get?
750 degrees Fahrenheit (399 degrees Celsius)
1,000 degrees Fahrenheit (538 degrees Celsius)
1,250 degrees Fahrenheit (677 degrees Celsius)

An electric coil can reach 1,000 degrees Fahrenheit (538 degrees Celsius). That means it could burn your clothes even after it's turned off.

What should you NOT do if there's a grease fire in the kitchen?
Dump as much water on it as you can.
Smother it.
Douse it with a fire extinguisher.

Never put water on a grease fire. If the fire is on the stove, smother it with a lid if you can. If it's in the oven, shut the door to cut off the air supply. Of course, you can use a fire extinguisher -- as long as it doesn't spray water.

What's the safest place to defrost food?
in the microwave
on the counter
in the refrigerator

The FDA says you should always defrost in the refrigerator to keep those nasty bacteria at bay.

Why should you avoid microwaves when warming baby bottles?
because the radiation levels are too high for infants
because it might create hot spots
because the bottle could explode

Microwaving could create uneven heat, so even if a microwaved bottle feels warm to the touch, there could be hot spots.

Which of these foods can you use to heal a burn?
butter
bananas
honey

We now know that many old home remedies for burns, like butter, don't really work all that well. But studies have shown that you can use honey on minor burns.

True or False: Microwaving food in plastic containers can cause carcinogens to leak into the food.
true
false

The FDA strictly regulates the types of plastic that can be used with food, so there's no chance that anything cancer-causing could seep into your food in the microwave.

True or False: If there's just a little mold on top of something you just dug out of the refrigerator, you can scrape it off and eat the rest.
true
false
depends

It depends on the texture of the food -- scraping is probably OK with hard cheeses and firmer fruits and vegetables. But if the mold is on sauce or bread, for example, you never know how far the bacteria has spread. The FDA says, "When in doubt, throw it out!"

How long can frozen chicken remain fresh in its original packaging?
six months
two months
expiration date on the packaging

Chicken can remain fresh in your freezer for up to two months in its original packaging.

Which of the following is NOT a safe practice to prevent foodborne illnesses such as Salmonella and E.Coli?
immediately washing hands after handling eggs or raw meat
immediately disposing of food that smells rancid.
using an unsealed wooden cutting board

Wooden cutting boards naturally have tiny grooves that can harbor bacteria as opposed to plastic cutting boards. The harbored bacteria can cause foodborne illnesses.

Which of the following foods should NOT be stored in a freezer?
fruit
eggs

It is not recommended to store eggs in the freezer because after thawing the raw eggs become gummy and cooked eggs become rubbery.

What can you use to seal wooden cutting boards to prevent from nesting bacteria?
mineral oil
vegetable oil
olive oil

Mineral oil works best to seal the wood because it has no odor and is not prone to bacteria.

Which of the following is NOT a symptom of food poisoning?
flu-like symptoms
abdominal pain
difficulty talking

There are many food poisoning symptoms but if you're having difficulty talking, breathing or swallowing, it may be something more serious.

What is the number one rule for using a sharp knife?
Chop fast for better results.
Cut away from the body.
Place the knife in the dishwasher with the handle down.

When dealing with a sharp knife, remember to cut away from the body on a clean and even surface. Also, remember to keep the grip clean to avoid slippery accidents.

If your electricity goes down, how long will your full freezer stay frozen?
12 hours
24 hours
48 hours

A tightly packed freezer will stay frozen for 48 hours if the door is closed.

How long can you store fruits in the freezer if stored in a sealed container?
one week
one month
one year

The recommended storage time for fruits in a 0 degrees Fahrenheit (-18 degrees Celsius) freezer is 12 months.

Bacteria breeds best when the temperature is:
between 40 to 140 degrees Fahrenheit (4 degrees to 60 degrees Celsius)
between 32 to 140 degrees Fahrenheit (0 degrees to 60 degrees Celsius)
between 40 to 132 degrees Fahrenheit (4 degrees to 56 degrees Celsius)

Bacteria breeds if food remains in the temperature range of 40 degrees to 140 degrees Farenheit (4 degrees to 60 degrees Celsius) for three or more hours.

Why should you avoid washing/rinsing poultry before cooking?
It washes away the flavor.
It can spread bacteria.
Wet poultry can cause oil splatters in the frying pan.