War... war is truly hell.
Bloodshed and battles, warriors and warfare, these are by no means new concepts to humanity. In fact, from as far back as we can recall through the history of humanity, there have always been battles being fought - from feuding families and feuding tribes, to warring kingdoms and warring countries. However, in 1939 and the several years that followed, it became clear to many people that all of the wars that were fought beforehand would pale in comparison to the Second World War.
Nowadays, the Second World War is remembered in the United States as a hallmark of sacrifice and the unity of the Allied nations; however, it is also infamous as being the deadliest conflict in human history. Out of the harrowing battles of the First World War and the Second World War arose several military officers who distinguished themselves as pivotal leaders on both sides - the Allied Forces and the Axis Forces. In this World War II quiz, we'll be taking at look at some of the most significant military officers that held the titles of Marshal, Admiral and General during the Second World War. So soldier, are you ready to take a walk back through history?
Dwight D. Eisenhower was an American army general who also served as the 34th President of the United States. During World War II, he was a five-star general in the United States Army and served as Supreme Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Forces in Europe.
Erich Raeder was a was a German grand admiral, attaining the role in 1939. He is notable for having played a major role in the naval history of World War II.
Arthur Harris was a Marshal of the Royal Air Force during World War II. He was also known affectionately "Bomber" Harris by the press and as "Butcher" Harris in the Air Force.
George S. Patton was a was a senior officer of the United States Army who commanded the U.S. Seventh Army in the Mediterranean theater of World War II. He has a lasting legacy in the United States and has been portrayed numerous times in film.
Douglas MacArthur was an American five-star general. He received the Medal of Honor for his service, which made him and his father Arthur MacArthur Jr., the first father and son to be awarded the medal.
Konstantin Rokossovsky was a Soviet officer who became Marshal of the Soviet Union and Marshal of Poland. He is remembered for his key role in the planning and executing of Operation Bagration.
Chester W. Nimitz was a fleet admiral of the United States Navy. During World War II, he was Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet and Commander in Chief, Pacific Ocean Areas.
Władysław Anders was a general in the Polish Army and a politician and prominent member of the Polish government-in-exile in London. He commanded the Nowogródzka Cavalry Brigade during the German Army's invasion of Poland.
Wilhelm Keitel was a German field marshal who served as Chief of the Armed Forces High Command. Following the war, he was charged with war crimes and crimes against humanity by the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg.
Charles de Gaulle was a French general who led the French Resistance against Nazi Germany in World War II. In 1958, he came out of retirement when appointed Prime Minister of France by President René Coty.
Arturo Riccardi was an Italian admiral during the Second World War. He notably held the positions of; Ministry of Marine director general of personnel from 1935 to 1940 and Under Secretary of State of the Navy from 1941 until 1943.
Sir Alfred Pound was a senior officer of the Royal Navy who held the rank of Admiral of the Fleet. He served in the First World War and also in the Second World War as well.
Yan Xishan was a Chinese general who served in the government of the Republic of China. He fought in the Second Sino-Japanese War, Operation Chahar, the Battle of Taiyuan and the Battle of Xinkou.
George Marshall was a general in the US Army who achieved his promotion as a result of pioneering the largest military expansion in U.S. history. He was also Chief of Staff under President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Secretary of State and Secretary of Defense under President Harry S. Truman.
Jean de Lattre de Tassigny was a French military commander in World War II and the First Indochina War. He is notable for having been posthumously promoted to Marshal of France.
Georgy Zhukov was a Soviet Red Army general who subsequently became Chief of General Staff, Deputy Commander-in-Chief, and Minister of Defense. He is notable for commanding the Soviet forces that brought about the end of the War in Europe as a result of winning the Battle of Berlin.
Nikolay Kuznetsov was a Soviet naval officer who achieved the rank of Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union. He served as People's Commissar of the Navy during The Second World War.
Harold Alexander was a field marshal who served with distinction in both the First World War and the Second World War. He also notably served as the 17th Governor General of Canada.
Osami Nagano was a naval officer and Admiral of the Fleet in the Imperial Japanese Navy. He was also the founder of the Chiba Institute of Technology
Ivan Isakov was a was a Soviet Armenian military officer who held the rank of Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union. In 1967, he also became an honorary member of the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic's Academy of Sciences
Bernard Montgomery was a senior British Army officer and field marshal. He fought in both the First World War and the Second World War and earned the nickname "The Spartan General".
Chen Cheng was a general in the Republic of China Army from 1924 to 1950. He also notably moved to Taiwan at the end of the civil war, where he served as the Governor of Taiwan Province, Vice President and Premier of the Republic of China.
Ivan Yumashev was a Soviet Navy admiral who was also distinguished as a Hero of the Soviet Union for his service to the state. He was also Commander-in-Chief of the Soviet Naval Forces from January 1947 to July 1951.
Viscount Gort – fully titled as John Standish Surtees Prendergast Vereker, 6th Viscount Gort – was a senior British Army officer and field marshal. He is most often remembered for commanding the British Expeditionary Force sent to France in the first year of the Second World War.
Prince Fushimi Hiroyasu was an admiral of the Imperial Japanese Navy from 1932 to 1941. He was also notably a scion of the Japanese imperial family, as signified by his title of “Prince”.
Hugh Dowding was an air chief marshal in the Royal Air Force. He is remembered primarily for his key role in defending Britain in the infamous Battle of Britain, thwarting Adolf Hitler's plan to invade Britain as a result.
Andrew Cunningham was a senior officer of the Royal Navy during the Second World War. Through his service and achievements, he eventually earned the title of Admiral of the Fleet.
Claude Auchinleck was a British Army commander and field marshal during World War II. He notably spent much of his military career in India, eventually becoming Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Army.
Frank Jack Fletcher was an admiral in the United States Navy during World War II. He is notable for being the operational commander at the pivotal Battles of Coral Sea and of Midway.
Brudenell White was a senior officer in the Australian Army who served as Chief of the General Staff from 1920 to 1923. He also held the title for a short period in 1940 (March to August), until he was killed in the Canberra air disaster.
Edward Rydz-Śmigły was a senior Polish officer who served as Marshal of Poland and Commander-in-Chief of Poland's armed forces. He was also notably a Polish politician, statesman, painter and poet.
Walther von Brauchitsch was a German field marshal and the Commander-in-Chief of the German Army during the Nazi era. After the Nazi seizure of power in 1933, Brauchitsch was put in charge of the East Prussian Military District.
Karl Dönitz was a German admiral who played a major role in the naval history of World War II. He is notable for briefly succeeding Adolf Hitler as the head of state of Germany.
Harry Crerar was a senior officer and general of the Canadian Army. He is notable for being the country's leading field commander in the Second World War, where he commanded the First Canadian Army.
Alphonse Juin was a senior French Army officer who achieved the title of Marshal of France. He achieved this title after extensive service in both World War I and World War II.
Maxime Weygand was a was a French military commander in World War I and World War II. He initially fought against the Germans during the invasion of France in 1940 but then partially started to collaborate with the them. He was then arrested by the Germans for not fully collaborating with them.
Nikolai Vatutin was a Soviet military commander during World War II. He led the Red Army on many successful campaigns in Ukraine before he was mortally wounded in 1944 by the Ukrainian Insurgent Army.
Ernest King was an admiral of the United States Fleet and Chief of Naval Operations during World War II. During World War II, he was the U.S. Navy's second most senior officer after Fleet Admiral William D. Leahy.
Aleksandr Vasilevsky was a Russian officer in the Red Army who was promoted to the rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union in 1943. He also notably served as Minister of Defense from 1949 to 1953.
Alan Brooke was a senior officer and field marshal of the British Army. He also served as Lord High Constable of England during the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in 1953.