The Original First Lady of the US: Martha Washington Quiz

HISTORY

Staff

4 Min Quiz

Image: refer to hsw

About This Quiz

She was America's first first lady, a mother and an organizer of extravagant social events. Take this quiz to see how much you know about Martha Washington.

What was Martha Washington's maiden name?

Martha Washington's maiden name was Dandridge, and she was the oldest daughter of John Dandridge and Frances Jones.

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Martha Washington was born on her family's plantation in which colony?

Martha Washington was born on a plantation near Williamsburg, Virginia, on June 21, 1731.

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What was the name of the Dandridge family plantation?

Chestnut Grove was located along the Pamunkey River in New Kent County, Virginia.

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True or false: Martha Washington attended one of the finest schools in Virginia.

It was uncommon for young women to attend school in colonial America. Martha was taught at home and learned to read, write, do basic math and manage a household.

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How many siblings did Martha Washington have?

Martha Washington had seven siblings, including three brothers and four sisters.

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When did Martha Washington marry her first husband?

Martha Washington married Daniel Parke Custis on May 15, 1750.

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How old was Martha Washington when she married Daniel Parke Custis?

Martha Washington married him one month before her 19th birthday.

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What was the name of the plantation that Daniel Custis owned and shared with Martha Washington?

White House was located just 4 miles (6 kilometers) down river from the Dandridge home, Chestnut Grove.

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What was the primary crop the White House plantation produced?

The White House plantation was a successful producer of tobacco. Evidence of Martha's involvement in the plantation business is found in letters she wrote to British tobacco traders and merchants.

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How many children did Martha Washington and Daniel Custis have?

Martha Washington and Daniel Custis had four children: Daniel, Frances, John ("Jacky") and Martha ("Patsy"). Of the four, only John and Martha lived past childhood.

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When did Daniel Custis die?

Daniel Custis died on July 8, 1757. Washington, who was 20 years younger than Custis, inherited his 15,000-acre (6,070-hectare) estate .

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Where did Martha and George Washington meet?

Martha and George Washington met at a cotillion in Williamsburg, Virginia.

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When did Martha and George Washington marry?

Martha and George Washington married on Jan. 6, 1759, at White House plantation.

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How many children did Martha and George Washington have?

Martha and George Washington had no children together. However, Martha brought her two surviving children, "Jacky" and "Patsy," with her to Mount Vernon.

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When Martha met Col. George Washington, which war had he recently fought in?

George had recently served as a Virginia militia colonel in the French and Indian War.

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True or false: Martha Washington was the first woman to be featured on American paper currency.

Martha's portrait appeared on the front of the $1 silver certificate of 1886 and 1891 and on the back of the 1896 $1 silver certificate.

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How old was Martha Washington's daughter, Patsy, when she died?

Patsy was 17 years old when she died. Patsy suffered from seizures throughout her childhood and died on June 19, 1773, following a massive seizure.

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When did Martha Washington's son Jacky get married?

John "Jacky" Parke Custis married Eleanor Calvert on Feb. 3, 1774, at the bride's family home in Maryland.

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When did Martha Washington's husband George take over as commander in chief of the Continental Army?

George Washington took charge as commander in chief of the Continental Army in Cambridge, Massachusetts, during the winter of 1775. Martha Washington left Mount Vernon to join George in Massachusetts just before Christmas and stayed until June 1776.

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When did Martha Washington spend the winter with husband George and his troops in Valley Forge, Pennsylvania?

Martha Washington joined her husband George and his troops at Valley Forge in February 1778. Martha spent the winter caring for the sick and wounded, repairing clothing and campaigning for donations from her expanding social circle.

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Martha's son Jacky died on Nov. 5, 1781. What was the cause?

Jacky enlisted, contracted "camp fever" and died shortly after joining the army. "Camp fever" is another name for epidemic typhus, a bacteria that is quickly spread person to person in overcrowded populations. The disease causes headache, fever, vomiting and delirium and can lead to kidney and heart failure.

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How many grandchildren did Martha and George Washington adopt?

Martha and George Washington adopted two of their grandchildren, Eleanor "Nelly" Parke Custis and George Washington "Wash" Parke Custis.

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Where was the first presidential residence located?

New York City was the first capital of the U.S. and site of the first presidential residence. Martha And George moved to the city in the spring of 1789.

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What nickname did the press give Martha Washington when her husband became president?

When George was elected president, the press dubbed Martha Washington "Lady Washington." The term "first lady" was first widely used in the 1870s to describe Lucy Webb Hayes, wife of the 19th President of the United States, Rutherford B. Hayes.

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When did Martha and George Washington move back to Mount Vernon?

George Washington's second term as president officially ended with the inauguration of John Adams on March 4, 1797. Soon after, the Washingtons moved back to Mount Vernon.

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What year did Martha Washington become a widow for the second time in her life?

Martha Washington was widowed for the second time when George Washington died on Dec. 14, 1799. Following George's death, Martha closed the bedchamber and moved herself to the third floor of the mansion.

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Which friend of the Washingtons delivered a eulogy including the famous line "first in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen"?

Henry Lee was the Washington family friend who delivered a eulogy with this famous line.

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Which federal building in Washington contains a tomb meant for President George and Martha Washington?

The couple was interred in the family tomb at Mount Vernon and was never moved to the Capitol building tomb, which remains empty.

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True or false: After George Washington died, Martha burned nearly all of the letters between them.

In an effort to keep her relationship with George private, Martha burned nearly all of their letters after his death. Only three known letters between George and Martha exist. Two were found in a desk Martha gave a granddaughter and one was discovered in George Washington's documents.

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When did Martha Washington die?

Martha Washington died at Mount Vernon on May 22, 1802, at age 70.

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