The Ultimate Mesa Verde National Park Quiz

Estimated Completion Time
3 min
Which people once inhabited the Mesa Verde National Park area?
the Inca
the Anasazi
The Anasazi people once inhabited this region, developing it as a highly advanced civilization for the time.
the Mayan

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When is the Far View Visitor Center open?
between late January and late May
between early November and early February
between mid-April and mid-October
The Visitor Center is open from mid-April to mid-October.

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Aside from the Visitor Center, what other services are offered at Mesa Verde?
a museum, campground and park lodge
There is a museum at Mesa Verde, as well as a campground and a park lodge.
a water park, art gallery and antique exhibition
a nature workshop, art studio and expansive recreation area

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What is the meaning of the Navajo name "Anasazi"?
civilized people
fire gods
ancient ones
"Anasazi" in Navajo means "ancient ones."

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Why are the cliff dwellings well preserved at Mesa Verde?
because of the dry climate
The cliff dwellings, already several hundred years old, are well preserved because of the dry climate.
because of the cold climate
because of the forethought of the ancient inhabitants who preserved the ruins in a special way

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What animals can you see in the high meadows?
rabbits, mule deer, turkey
red foxes, coyotes, lizards
all of the above
You can see many species of animals there, including rabbits, mule deer, turkey, red foxes, coyotes and lizards.

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From studying the structure and state of the ruins, what do we know about the ancient inhabitants?
They were pagans.
They left suddenly.
We know that they left suddenly, although why remains a matter of conjecture.
They had no leader.

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How did the natural alcoves for dwelling areas get formed in ancient times?
by flowing lava from volcanic eruptions
by water that percolated down through the sandstone
The alcoves were formed naturally as a result of water percolating down through the sandstone.
by huge crevices that were created during earthquakes

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One novelist is reported to have experienced the Anasazi ruins as "more like sculpture than anything else." Who was the novelist?
Louisa May Alcott
Edgar Allan Poe
Willa Cather
It was Willa Cather, a renowned novelist who wrote much about frontier life.

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What makes the cliff dwelling known as "Cliff Palace" unique?
It is the oldest one in North America.
It is the largest one in North America.
Cliff Palace is the largest cliff dwelling in North America, boasting about 200 rooms.
It is the highest one in North America.

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Which of these lends itself to a self-guided tour?
Spruce Tree House
Spruce Tree House is ideal for a self-guided tour, whereas Cliff Palace and Balcony House are accessible only on a ranger-guided tour.
Cliff Palace
Balcony House

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What did the Anasazi people harvest from the Gambel oak trees?
acorns
nuts
They harvested nuts from these trees.
berries

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What is the origin of the name "Spruce Tree House"?
Early pioneers used to marvel at the abundance of spruce trees there.
Early explorers climbed down a tall tree there, which they mistakenly thought was spruce.
The name actually came from a mistake. Early explorers climbed down a tall tree there to reach the dwelling and they thought it was spruce, which it wasn't.
Sir John Spruce used to live in the area and it was named after him.

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What was the nature of Balcony House's natural defense?
It was hidden by thick foliage and was thus easily defended.
It was surrounded by a natural moat and was thus easily defended.
It was perched high up in a cliff alcove and was thus easily defended.
Balcony House was perched high up in a cliff alcove and this made it easily defended.

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For how long has Mesa Verde been inhabited?
nearly 1,000 years
nearly 2,500 years
It has been inhabited for about 2,500 years.
nearly 10,000 years

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What did the early inhabitants of Mesa Verde engage in?
martial arts and sculpting
hunting and silk trading
farming and basket weaving
The early inhabitants of Mesa Verde engaged in farming corn and beans and in basket weaving.

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By the eighth century A.D., the inhabitants were building houses with poles and mud. What were their "apartment buildings" called?
pueblos
They were called pueblos and they were apartment-like structures surrounding an open plaza.
troglodytes
bungalows

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Why did the mesa people move down into cliff recesses in 1200 A.D.?
They may have been threatened by tribes of newcomers.
Archeologists aren't certain, but they believe that they may have been threatened by tribes of newcomers.
They were escaping the heat.
They were looking for more fertile soil.

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What were the kivas (underground chambers) used for?
to keep their valuables safe
food storage
religious ceremonies
They were used for religious ceremonies.

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What was the average lifespan of the cave dweller of Mesa Verde?
35 years
The lifespan was 35 years, probably due to the harsh living conditions there.
55 years
75 years

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