The Ultimate Monkey Quiz

Estimated Completion Time
2 min
The Ultimate Monkey Quiz
Image: Smith Photographers/Blend Images/Getty Images

About This Quiz

Monkeys, like humans and the great apes is are primates. Like other primates, they vary greatly in size, color and behavior. Take this quiz and learn more about monkeys.
Where do most monkeys live?
warm lowlands
Most live in the warm lowlands.
upper slopes of mountains
equatorial forests

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Which is the smallest monkey?
rhesus
capuchin
pygmy marmosets
The pygmy marmosets of South America are the smallest.

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How big are they?
four inches (10 cm)
six inches (15 cm)
They are about six inches (15 cm) long.
ten inches (25.4 cm)

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On the other end of the scale, what is the biggest monkey?
chimp
baboon
The African baboon is the biggest.
macaque

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How big is it?
two feet (60 cm)
Its body is about two feet (60 cm) long
three feet (91 cm)
four feet (122 cm)

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What do they weigh?
195 pounds (88 kg)
180 pounds (82 kg)
165 pounds (75 kg)
They can weigh up to 165 pounds (75 kg).

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How do baboons in the wild relate to humans?
They are friendly and curious.
Usually they are aggressive and dangerous.
They are aggressive and dangerous to humans.
Only mothers with young are dangerous.

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Which is the most intelligent African monkey?
rhesus
The rhesus is considered highly intelligent.
chimpanzee
sapajou

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Which South American monkey can be trained as an amusing, affectionate pet?
douroucouli
mandrill
capuchin
The capuchin makes a good pet.

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What are the social habits of monkeys?
They are basically loners, meeting to mate and feed.
Most travel and feed in groups.
Most monkeys feed and travel in large groups.
They move strictly in families of parents and offspring.

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Are monkeys carnivores?
They eat insects and birds.
While their main diet is leaves, fruit and grain, they also eat insects and birds.
They are usually herbivores.
Only the large monkeys like the baboon are flesh eaters.

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There is only one monkey that sleeps by day and hunts for food at night. Which is it?
sapajou
baboon
owl monkey, or douroucouli
The South American owl monkey, or douroucouli, sleeps during the day and hunts at night.

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When we speak of Old World and New World monkeys, what do we mean?
It's a cultural distinction of ethnic origins.
Asia, Africa and Europe are the Old World, the Americas are the New.
Basically, the Old World is Asia, Europe and Africa, while the New World is the Americas. Animals can be described as from the New or Old World.
Africa is the New World while Asia is the Old.

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Which monkeys have prehensile (grasping) tails?
Only Old World monkeys have them.
All monkeys have them.
Only New World monkeys have them.
Only New World monkeys have prehensile tails.

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What do Old World monkeys have on their buttocks?
thick pads of skin
They have thick pads of skin.
distinctive markings
pouches for storing food

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What facial characteristic differentiates between the two groups?
the eyes
the noses
Old World monkeys have nostrils that are close together and point downward. New World monkeys have flat noses with the nostrils set far apart and open toward the side.
the mouth

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Only one monkey can be found in Europe. Which is it?
Diana monkey
mandrill
Barbary ape
The Barbary ape lives in Gibraltar.

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What is a guereza?
black-and-white colobus monkey
It is a black-and-white colobus monkey, found in East Africa and Nigeria. The guereza was hunted for its fur, which was used to trim women's dresses.
a species sacred in some Asian countries
a crab-eating monkey

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Which is the fastest primate?
red colobus
patas monkey
The patas monkey can reach a speed of 34 miles per hour (55 kph).
macaque

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What is unusual about the proboscis monkey?
its eyes
its tail
its nose
The proboscis monkey has a particularly long nose. An old male of the species may have a nose three inches (8 cm) long.

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You Got:
/20
Smith Photographers/Blend Images/Getty Images
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