Can You Get More Than 11 Right on This Football Rules Quiz?

By: John Miller
Estimated Completion Time
5 min
Can You Get More Than 11 Right on This Football Rules Quiz?
Image: Aksonov/E+/Getty Images

About This Quiz

American football is one of this country’s most popular sports, each autumn and winter gathering millions of spectators … some of whom are woefully unable to make heads or tails of the game’s rules. And to be fair, football’s rules are oddly complicated, and what’s more, they often shift a bit each season as officials tweak the regulations for player safety and other reasons. Do you think you really have a grasp on football rules?

Let us mark off some of the complexities of this violent and beautiful game. Before each snap, no one on the offense can move so much as an inch … except for the backs and receivers, who can shift, run, and probably even dance for a few moments in order to confuse defenders. If a lineman, however, accidentally moves a muscle, there’s an automatic penalty. Do you know the other pre-snap penalties that can harm an offensive drive?

From kickoffs to punts, to point-after attempts, to touchbacks and more, football is filled with esoteric terms and rules that leave soccer fans scratching their heads in confusion. Tackle this football rules quiz now!

What important element happens after an incomplete pass?
The clock stops.
Incomplete passes stop the clock momentarily. This is hugely important in close games when time is running out for the losing team.
The ball is moved back four yards.
A yellow flag is thrown.
The defense gets 3 points.

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What's the name of the line that divides the offense and defense before each play?
Line of scrimmage
The line of scrimmage is where the battle lines are drawn. Before each play, both teams approach the line of scrimmage and remain there until the play begins.
Hash marks
Goal line
Side line

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It's a (very large) team game. How many players line up on each side for a football play.
FIve
11
Compared to basketball or soccer, football requires many players. Each side must field 11 players for each play.
Nine
7

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Football is a carefully timed game. It is split up into how many segments?
Two
Four
Football games are broken into four quarters, and those are divided by one halftime. It is just enough time for players to catch their breaths and evaluate their bruises.
Six
Eight

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If an offensive lineman moves before the play begins, which penalty occurs?
Pass interference
Holding
Illegal receiver downfield
False start
Offensive linemen can't so much as twitch before the ball is snapped. Otherwise, the offense is smacked wth a false start penalty.

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Not all penalties are the same. Which of these infractions is the most serious?
Offsides
False start
Unnecessary roughness
Frustrations sometimes boil over and players shove or punch each other. Unnecessary​ roughness results in a 15-yard penalty, so much yardage that it can skew an entire drive.
Holding

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If an NFL coach wishes to contest the outcome of a previous play, what does he do?
Throws a challenge flag
In the NFL, coaches can contest many aspects of a previous play, such as the spot of the ball or an incomplete pass. To do so, they throw a red challenge flag onto the field.
Chucks his clipboard at opposing players
Argues with the officials
Flops around on the ground

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What happens when the player with the football runs through the sidelines?
He goes to the bench.
The play ends.
The sidelines terminate the play. If the player with the ball crosses over the sidelines, he's out of bounds, and the clock stops.
He sprints toward the end zone.
He's awarded 6 points.

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It's rare but useful at times. When might the offense attempt a two-point conversion?
After a touchdown
After a touchdown, offenses typically elect to kick a 1-point PAT (point after touchdown). But if the score justifies it, they may run a play in hopes of scoring a two-point conversion, which is harder to accomplish.
Right after a kickoff
Following a field goal
In the wake of a 10-yard penalty

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It's the holy grail of the game. How many points does a team receive for scoring a touchdown?
2
3
6
Touchdowns are worth 6 points. Teams with high-powered offenses score them in bunches in today's fast-paced game.
7

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It's can alter the course of a game. What happens at the end of each quarter?
The teams switch sides on the field.
After each quarter, the teams switch sides on the field. Depending on the wind and weather, this change of orientation can drastically alter game strategy … and even the game's outcome.
The defense gets the ball.
Each team gets one field goal attempt.
There is a kickoff.

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In some games, it seems like a very long d​istance. How many yards must the offense gain to receive a first down?
5 yards
10 yards
The offense must gain 10 yards, by ground or by air, in order to receive a first down. Some teams are so potent on offense that they repeatedly gain first downs in just one or two tries.
20 yards
25 yards

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It's a dangerous move. What's it called when one player grabs the front of the other player's helmet?
Illegal motion
Facemask
A facemask penalty is called when one player grabs the other's facemask. This move is regarded as particularly dangerous because doing so can cause serious physical harm.
Horsecollar
Pass interference

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It's a big deal for the defense. What happens if the ball carrier is tackled in his own end zone?
Game ends in forfeit
Offense loses 10 yards
Offense receives 4 points
Defense receives 2 points and the ball
Tackling the ball carrier in his own end zone is called a safety. Not only does the defense receive two points, but the offense has to kick the ball away, often giving the other team very good field position.

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Which player is most likely to be called for an "intentional grounding" penalty?
FB
QB
The QB, or quarterback, often drops back to throw a pass. If he intentionally throws the ball away to avoid a sack, he's flagged for intentional grounding.
RB
WR

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How many plays does the offense get to reach the first down marker?
Two
Three
Four
Offenses have four downs to gain the 10 yards necessary for a first down. After third down, they typically elect to try a field goal or try another play. If they don't make a first down on that play, the team must then punt the ball away to the other team.
Five

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What happens if the offense attempts a field goal … and misses?
It loses possession of the ball.
Teams must be sure that they're ready to attempt field goals. Because if they miss, it means the offense gives up possession of the ball to the other team.
It can try again.
It punts.
It is penalized.

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Time for more fun! What happens if the score is tied at the end of four quarters of play?
A standoff
A shootout
The game ends in a tie.
Overtime
If the fourth quarter ends in a tie, the game goes into overtime. Overtime rules vary depending on whether the game is high school, college or pro.

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It's a big gridiron. There are yard lines at which intervals of the field?
Every 5 yards
The football field is neatly divided by lines. At 5-yard intervals, a line stretches across the field, marking the progress (or lack of progress) of the offense.
Every 3 yards
Every 2 yards
Every 12 yards

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In the NFL, what happens if a coach's challenge fails in light of instant replay evidence?
He must return to the locker room for a period.
He's given a Gatorade bath.
His team is docked a down.
His team loses a timeout.
Because some coaches might be tempted to use challenge flags to slow down the pace of a game, there's a penalty for gratuitously challenging plays -- failed challenges mean your team loses a timeout.

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It's a small but important job. Who "spots" the ball?
The running back
The ball boy
The center
The officials
Before each play, the officials must place the ball where the previous play ended. The "spot" of the ball can have a major impact on how the offense approaches the next play.

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In the NFL, tacklers must be careful to avoid what when grabbing the quarterback?
Avoid touching the ball
Avoid using two hands for the tackle
Avoid grabbing him around the waist
Avoid landing on him
The NFL tweaked its rules to favor QBs in 2018. Defenders must avoid landing on the QB during a tackle. This ​is to avoid injuring the league's most valuable players.

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Before each play, the officials place the ball on or between what?
The first down marker
The hash marks
The hash marks are the short line between the longer lines that stipe the field in five-yard intervals. Before each play, the ball must be placed between the hash marks, giving the offense room to roam from side to side.
The sidelines
The goal line

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You simply can't do it. What happens in the NFL if a tackler leads with his helmet?
A 5-yard penalty
A 15-yard penalty
NFL rules are moving more toward player safety. If a tackler leads with his helmet, it's an automatic 15-yard penalty, and can also lead to fines and suspensions.
Automatic $200,000 fine
Six-game suspension

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It's a sign of surrender. Which player is most likely to "kneel"?
QB
In numerous situations, for instance, the end of the first half, the offense may elect to go a final play. The QB takes the snap and kneels, essentially giving up the play.
WR
KR
LB

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When does the offensive team lose possession of the ball?
After it scores
If it fumbles and the defense recovers the ball
If the offense throws an interception
All of the above
The offense obviously loses possession if it fumbles or throws an interception. It also turns over possession after a score, but in a good way -- after all, it means the offense put points on the scoreboard.

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It's just a tiny one. What's a very short kickoff called?
False start
Pooch kick
Charge
Onside kick
In a close game, many teams will elect to try an onside kick during a kickoff. Once the ball has traveled just 10 yards, the kicking team can pounce on it and take possession.

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It's a real momentum killer. Why is intentional grounding such a serious penalty for offenses?
It results in four points for the defense.
It's a 20-yard penalty.
It always forces them to punt.
They lose a down.
Intentional grounding leaves players and fans pulling out their hair in frustration. Because not only does it result in penalty yardage, but it also causes a loss of one down, which often kills a drive.

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It can kill a defense. In the NFL, what happens after a pass interference call?
The ball is placed at the spot of the foul.
In the NFL, pass interference is penalized with 15 yards … or at the spot of the foul, which might be much farther down the field. These penalties can cause serious harm to a defensive stand.
The offense gets 15 penalty yards.
The offense gets two extra downs.
The QB gets a free throw.

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Not all of them drain the clock. What's an example of an untimed play?
Interception
Run-pass option
Forward pass
Point after touchdown
Most plays consume clock time, but a few do not. Point-after attempts, for example, don't take any time off the clock no matter how long they might drag on.

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Including the end zones, how long is a football field?
80 yards
100 yards
120 yards
The playing area is 100 yards long. Each end zone is 10 yards long, so altogether, the entire field is 120 yards long.
160 yards

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In the NFL, what happens after a meaningless score which occurs at the end of regulation play?
A PAT attempt, as usual
An official review
An immediate kickoff
The game simply ends.
In the past, the offense had to kick a point after (PAT) after a game-ending score, even if that point had no impact on the outcome on the game. Now, that meaningless PAT is no longer necessary.

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It's a shorter affair. In high school football, how long is each quarter?
eight minutes
12 minutes
High school football games are a bit shorter than college and pro versions. Each quarter is 12 minutes long, as compared to 15 minutes each for the more mature games.
15 minutes
18 minutes

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It's a lot of room to roam. How wide is a standard football field?
28 yards
35.8 yards
53.5 yards
Football fields are of 120 total yards long, including the end zones. They're 53.5 yards wide, enough for players to accelerate to a sprint and turn the corner toward their objectives.
89 yards

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It's an NFL rule. On kickoffs, the kicker is prohibited from doing what?
Kicking the ball from a tee
Using mor than one player from tackling the returner
Kicking the ball more than 20 yards
Getting a running start before the kick
It's a new rule meant to reduce high-speed collisions. In the NFL, the kicking team can no longer take a running start prior to the kick.

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