The United States Navy has a long and proud tradition of not only protecting the United States but many other sections of the world during times of war as well as times of peace where it acts as a deterrent.
The United States Navy was begun as the Continental Navy on October 13, 1775. Initially, it was tasked with breaking the British supply chain during the War of Independence. Once the United States was formed, the navy was disbanded, only to be brought back a few years later because of the threat of piracy which was wreaking havoc with its own supply routes.
It was perhaps World War II that showed how effective an aircraft carrier-based navy could be. After the initial defeat at Pearl Harbor, the U.S. Navy fought back and dealt the Japanese Imperial Navy a hammer blow at the Battle of Midway by sinking four enemy carriers. Many other victories were gained in the Pacific through the rest of the war.
Now, the United States Navy has bases around the world, not just in America. And don't forget, these are not just bases near the sea. They include facilities in cities, air naval stations where naval air wings are found and many other locations.
But if we told you the United States Navy base, would you be able to identify the closest city to it?
Be warned, some of these are tough.
A simple one to start. The naval base at Pearl Harbor is in the city of Honolulu which also serves as the state capital of Hawaii. Of course, Pearl Harbor was attacked by the Japanese on December 7, 1941 which drew the United States into World War II.
Just north of Chicago, Illinois you will find the Naval Station Great Lakes. This is, in fact, the only U.S. Navy boot camp in found in America. This base is often called "The Quarterdeck of the Navy".
Still referred to as the National Navy Medical Center but officially called Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, this U.S. Navy facility is found in Bethesda, Maryland. It is also sometimes called Bethesda Naval Hospital. The autopsy of John F. Kennedy was performed here.
The Norfolk Navy Yard in Portsmouth, Virginia was established in 1767 by the British. It officially was given its present name in 1862. Here, U.S. Navy ships are built, repaired and refitted. This is the largest shipyard belonging to the U.S. Navy.
Located in Gulfport, Mississippi, the Naval Construction Battalion Center is the home of the Atlantic Fleet Seabees, essentially the U.S. Navy's construction crew. The Seabees were first established during World War II in 1942 to oversee construction of naval facilities. Around 4,000 serve here along with 1,000 civilian support staff.
The United States Naval Academy at Annapolis was established on October 10, 1845. Famous alumni from this naval academy include Jimmy Carter, Oliver North, Ross Perot, Jim Lovell, John McCain and Montel Williams. And the academy's motto? Ex Scientia Tridens, which is Latin for From Knowledge, Seapower.
Located at Fallon, Nevada, this Navy Air Station is the main air-to-air and air-to-ground training facility for the service. In fact, since 1996, it has housed the Naval Fighter Weapons School or Top Gun program.
The Naval Support Activity Mid-South is located in Millington, Tennessee. It is home to 7,500 military personnel as well as civilian contractors. And its primary function? Well, this is the U.S. Navy's center for Human Resources.
Located in Manama, Bahrain, this airfield lies adjacent to the Bahrain International Airport. It was established in 1917 by the British but now falls under U.S. Navy control. Troops sent to Afghanistan flew the final leg of their mission from here and it is a major transport hub for ferrying U.S. military personnel and goods in and out of the Middle East.
Established in 1946, this U.S. Navy base performs a critical task. It is the main location for researching infectious diseases of African origin. Currently, the facility focuses on avian influenza-NAMRU-3 among others.
An important facility, the Naval Station at Mayport can accommodate US aircraft carriers, possibly the most important ships in the fleet. It is also home to a military airfield in the form of the Admiral David L. McDonald Field.
Located near Corpus Christi in Texas, this naval air base is the seventh largest in the world. It is home to over 40,000 personnel and initially was a training station for airmen in World War II. It was established in 1941.
Across the bay from San Diego is the Naval Amphibious Base Coronado. This is the base of operations on the West Coast for training personnel in special and expeditionary warfare. Four U.S. Navy SEAL teams are based here.
Also known as NAS Pax River, this U.S. naval air station is 65 kilometers from Washington D.C. Not only is it home to Naval Air Systems Command but the U.S. Naval Test Pilot School is also located here.
Located in Naples, Italy, this military base is based at the Naples airport. It is under control of the United States with authority of the Italian government. The headquarters of the U.S. Sixth Fleet is based here.
The Misawa Air Base houses both the Japanese Air Self-Defense Force as well as units from the U.S. Navy, Air Force and Army. In terms of Navy aircraft, the base hosts maritime patrol and reconnaissance planes such as the P-3 Orion and EP-3 Aries.
Camp Lemonnier is a United States Naval Expeditionary Base located near Djibouti. It was built in 2001 and supports Operation Enduring Freedom – Horn of Africa. It is the only permanent U.S. military base in Africa.
The Naval Air Station at North Island is located near San Diego. It has been in use since 1917 and is the biggest aerospace-industrial complex run by the U.S. Navy.
Based on the island of Kyūshū, the United States Fleet Activities at Sasebo.This is a logistics base for forward deployed units. The U.S. Navy had had a presence here since the end of World War II and it played a significant role in getting troops and equipment to the Korean peninsula during the Korean War.
The Naval Support Facility Anacostia was in service from 1918 to 2010 before it was merged with Bolling Air Force Base to become the Joint Base Anacostia–Bolling base.
Also known as Apollo Soucek Field, this is the only Jet Master base situated on the East Coast. NAS Oceana was built in 1943 and has four active runways. It is now home to 17 fighter squadrons.
Situated three miles from Kingsville, NAS Kingsville is home to Training Air Wing Two. This incorporates Training Squadron 21 and 22. They are known as the "Fighting Redhawks" and "Golden Eagles".
It's actually Washington D.C. This is one of the oldest scientific establishments in the United States. It is tasked with presenting the U.S. Navy and Department of Defense with accurate timing and positioning data.
The Naval Radio Transmitter Facility prime task is communication with the U.S. Navy submarine fleet. It does this using a VLF transmitter. The facility is 3 kilometers from LaMoure, North Dakota.
This naval air base is home to both a reserve fighter squadron and a fleet logistics support squadron. It has been in operation since 1958 and consists of two runways.
Established in 1980, the Naval Security Group Activity Kunia is found at Wheeler Army Airfield in Honolulu. Its primary task is to perform communications as part of the United States Navy worldwide communication network.
The Naval Base at Point Loma was established in 1959. It has a number of facilities. These include a submarine base and the Pacific Fleet Combat Training Center. Around 22,000 personnel and civilian contractors are based here.
The postgraduate school of the United States Navy is found in the city of Montery, California. Here, members of the Navy can study toward their engineering, masters and doctoral degrees. It was established in 1909.
Naval Submarine Base New London is based at Groton, Connecticut. It was established in 1868 and is the main East Coast base for U.S. submarines. Currently it is home to 14 submarines in both the Los Angeles and Virginia class.
Established in 1943, the Naval Air Station at Whiting Field is an important Navy pilot training base. Training Air Wing Five is based here and consists of three fixed-wing and three helicopter squardrons.
In use since 1979, this base is home to the U.S. Navy submarines that carry ballistic nuclear missiles. Currently, seven submarines call Kings Bay home. Other users of this site have included the Royal Navy.
Construction on this building, formerly called the Indianapolis Naval Reserve Armory, began in 1936. It is home to many artifacts from U.S. naval history including a flag from the USS Fechteler, which was sunk in 1944.
Camp David is the country retreat used by the president of the United States. Officially it is known as the Naval Support Facility Thurmont and was built in 1935.
This naval facility is home to 3,200 scientists and engineers. Here they research and develop ship designs, propulsion systems and a range of other important subjects relating to the U.S. Navy.
Established in 1799, this naval base is home to the Chief of Naval Operations and has a large ceremonial significance for the fleet. It is home to a number of other agencies and the United States Navy Band.