JFK are the initials of John Fitzgerald Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States of America. He was born on May 29, 1917, and served his nation from January 1961 until his assassination.
Although briefly attending Princeton University in 1935, he graduated from Harvard University in 1940. JFK was a commander during World War II and was awarded the Navy and Marine Corps Medal for his service. He later went on to represent Massachusetts in the United States House of Representatives from 1947 to 1953 and was subsequently elected to the Senate. In 1960, he became the youngest president at the age of 43.
His life and time in office were decorated and marked by high tensions from the Cold War, health problems, failed attempts at enacting policies, and numerous extramarital relationships- after all, what’s the oval office without a good scandal. Despite his misfortune, he was the president of the people from his support of the Civil Rights Movement to the establishment of the Peace Corps, earning him an average approval rating of 70%.
In 1963 in Dallas, Texas, Kennedy was assassinated. This unfortunate event united the nation with uninterrupted television coverage for over 70 hours, making it the first major television news event of its kind. But besides the facts we've just given you, how much do you know about the life of one of the most well-known presidents in US history?
JFK's middle name, "Fitzgerald," was in honor of his grandfather, John F. Fitzgerald. Fitzgerald was the former Mayor of Boston, Massachusetts.
The Kennedy siblings were Joseph Jr., John, Rosemary, Kathleen, Eunice, Patricia, Robert, Jean, and Ted. John was the second-oldest of the family.
JFK suffered from a number of health issues, from an appendectomy, to colitis and gastrointestinal illness. He was later diagnosed with hypothyroidism as well as Addison's disease.
Kennedy attended middle-school in the Bronx, New York. His family later sent him to Choate, a private school in Connecticut, where his older brother was already studying.
JFK was a Lieutenant in the United States Navy. He served from 1941 - 1945, participating in World War II and the Solomon Islands campaign.
Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis was born on July 28, 1929 in Southampton, New York. She died at the age of 64 from Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
JFK was born on May 29, 1917 in Brookline, Massachusetts. His parents were businessman and politician Joseph Patrick "Joe" Kennedy and philanthropist and socialite Rose Elizabeth Fitzgerald Kennedy.
Patrick lived for only two days. He died of hyaline membrane disease. Arabella, named for the Arabella ship, was a stillborn baby. Caroline and John Jr. were the couple's two surviving children.
In 1957, JFK won a Pulitzer Prize in Biography for his work entitled "Profiles in Courage." It was a work in which he profiled eight US senators who he believed showed great political courage.
JFK won the election with 303 electoral votes to Nixon's 219. JFK received 34,220,984 popular votes while Nixon received 34,108,157, a difference of only .17 percent!
Lyndon B. Johnson was born on August 27, 1908 in Stonewall, Texas. He married Lady Bird Taylor in 1934 and died at the age of 64 in 1973.
Earl Warren served as the 14th Chief Justice of the United States from 1953 - 1969. The oath was administered on the East Portico of the United States Capitol.
Though the extent of their relationship was not fully known, Kennedy and Monroe reportedly spent a weekend together in March of 1962 while he was staying at Bing Crosby's house. Records show Monroe also called Kennedy at the White House in 1962.
One of the many family tragedies JFK endured was the death of his brother during World War II. Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. was killed in action at the age of 29 when his plane exploded over the English Channel during Operation Aphrodite.
JFK was first elected to the US House of Representatives in 1947 at the age of 29. He served Massachusetts' 11th district until 1953 when he was elected to the US Senate.
JFK defeated Lodge 51.34 percent to 48.35 percent. The election marked the end of the Lodge family dynasty and the beginning of the Kennedy family dynasty.
JFK was remarkably popular during his time as president. His approval rating reached 80 percent twice - once in April 1961 and again in March 1962.
Creating the Peace Corps was one of JFK's first presidential acts. His brother-in-law, Sargent Shriver, was named the program's first director. Since 1961, more than 200,000 Americans have joined the Peace Corps, serving in 139 countries.
In 1960, JFK became the youngest person ever elected president of the United States. The youngest person to assume the office was Theodore Roosevelt, at the age of 42, following William McKinley's assassination.
John Herschel Glenn Jr. by order of John F. Kennedy became the first American to orbit the Earth. He circled it three times aboard the Friendship 7 on February 20, 1962.
President Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas, at 12:30 p.m. on Friday, November 22, 1963, while on a political trip to Texas. He was riding in the presidential limousine when he was shot.
JFK's religion may have been one of his most challenging obstacles to overcome. Many Americans were anti-Catholic, but JFK stressed the importance of the separation of church and state, which helped defuse the issue.
Dwight D. Eisenhower was in office from 1953 to 1961. His vice president was Richard Nixon, who lost to JFK, but who later won the presidency in 1969.
Lee Harvey Oswald was only 24 years old when he assassinated JFK. He was a former US Marine and Marxist. He was fatally shot by Jack Ruby two days later, on November 24, 1963.
Before signing the embargo, Kennedy requested that his press secretary, Pierre Salinger, get him “1,000 Petit Upmanns.” Salinger revealed this to Cigar Aficionado magazine in 1992.
The Bay of Pigs Invasion was undertaken by the CIA-sponsored paramilitary group, Brigade 2506. Their mission was to conduct a military intervention that would overthrow the Communist regime of Cuban leader Fidel Castro.
John F. Kennedy went by the nickname, "Jack." His son's nickname was "John-John."
On June 26, 1963, 22 months after the Soviet-supported East Germany erected the Berlin Wall, President Kennedy gave a speech in West Berlin aimed to underline the United States' support for West Germany.
She was referring to the idyllic castle of the legendary King Arthur. It is believed to be the most enduring image of JFK's presidency.
Kennedy spoke these famous words on January 20, 1961 during his inaugural speech. He was trying to urge Americans to take a more active role in being a citizen of the United States.
The law changing the name of Idlewild International Airport to John F. Kennedy International Airport was signed on December 18, 1961. It was rededicated on December 24, 1963.
After only two months, gastrointestinal illness forced JFK to leave Princeton. He later transferred to Harvard and graduated in 1940.
Using his politician father's connections, however, JFK was admitted to the Navy in October 1941. He later won a Purple Heart and was considered a wartime hero for his actions during his gunboat's sinking in 1943.
Due to his poor health, he feared imminent death on several occasions and received the Catholic sacramental last rights three times: once on a trip to England in 1947, once on a trip to Asia in 1951 and once in 1954 following back surgery in which he slipped into a coma.
Arlington National Cemetery was established on May 13, 1864. It is owned by the US Department of the Army and spans 624 acres.