Only a True History Buff Can Pass This German History Quiz


By: John Miller

6 Min Quiz

Image: wikimedia

About This Quiz

It started as an empire with the blessing of Pope Leo III and then underwent countless transformations until it finally became what we now know as Germany. It’s a nation that’s been everything from impoverished to utterly dominant in world affairs. Do you think you know enough about Germany to master our history quiz?

Thanks in part to its geographical location on the continent, Germany has long been central to European affairs, in everything from politics to culture to religion. It was ground zero of a split that occurred in one of the world’s biggest religions – do you know the history of that rosary-rattling event that changed church forever for millions?

Germany was certainly not always called by its current moniker. Throughout its history the area has been labeled with various names. Do you think you know the former names of this large and populous location?

Sandwiched between other powerful countries, strife has often been a part of life in Germany. How much do you know about the wars that have bloodied Germany, time and again, and do you know the ultimate outcomes?

Take our Germany history quiz and see if you really understand the facts and fictions of this colorful nation!

What was the name of the medieval era German state?

Long before it was called Germany, the area was known as the Holy Roman Empire. In 962, Otto I reigned supreme in the Empire.


During his reign, Otto I captured which other area?

Otto’s time on the throne was marked by bloodshed. He sent his army to capture the Kingdom of Italy, but then spent years trying to calm tensions in the area.


In 1871, what did Chancellor Otto von Bismarck achieve?

In 1871, Chancellor Otto von Bismarck used his political savvy to unify all of Germany. The German Empire was born.


True or false, by 1900, was Germany the most powerful country in Europe?

By 1900, the Industrial Revolution had transformed the country and Germany was full steam ahead. It was the most powerful nation on the continent, and it wouldn’t be long before its military saw action.


In August 1914, Germany declared war on Russia and _____.

In June of 1914, an archduke of Austria was assassinated, which sparked World War I. Then, in August, Germany declared war on Russia and France. The Great War soon cratered much of Europe.


Which famous German was born on January 27, 1756?

On January 27, 1757, Mozart was born. During his lifetime, the classical composer would create some of the most timeless music in history.


Why did the German people start a revolution in 1848?

In 1848, German people rose up in a series of protests around the country in opposition to an increasingly autocratic government. But the revolutions failed and many rebels had to flee the country in fear.


In 1517, what did Martin Luther write?

In 1517, a monk named Martin Luther completed his Ninety-Five Theses, which presented some ideas for reforming the Catholic Church. His bold move jumpstarted a religious movement called the Reformation.


During Reformation, the northern states of Germany veered toward which religious beliefs?

Martin Luther’s proposals for reforming the Catholic Church ignited a firestorm of controversy. Northern states agreed with Luther’s ideas and veered towards Protestantism, while Catholicism held sway in the south.


The conflict between Catholics and Protestants in the early 1600s resulted in which war?

The Reformation wasn’t a peaceful ordeal, it snowballed into the Thirty Years’ War, in which Europeans slaughtered each other in droves. Nearly 8 million people perished in the conflict.


By the time the Thirty Years’ War ended, _____ of the German male population was dead.

The Thirty Years’ War was a vicious religious struggle that resulted in wholesale slaughter. By the time it was said and done, half of the male population of the German states was dead.


In 1933, who was appointed chancellor of Germany?

In 1933, German President Paul von Hindenberg appointed firebrand Adolf Hitler as chancellor. Hitler put his new powers to maximum use.


After being appointed chancellor, how long did it take Hitler to take absolute power of the country?

Once he became chancellor, Hitler was on a roll. He gathered all of his political might and then had complete control just 19 months later. His dream of the Third Reich was coming to fruition.


Which country did Germany invade in September 1939, triggering World War II?

On Sept. 1, 1939, Hitler’s minions invaded Poland. The Nazi war machine had been unleashed, and it would be years before the world again saw real peace.


During World War I, Germany led an alliance called ______.

During the First World War, Germany was the head of the Central Powers. Western Allies banded together to send Germany and its ilk back within their own borders.


How did the Treaty of Versailles, which ended World War I, affect Germany?

Once the Allies won WWI, they forced Germany to accept the Treaty of Versailles, which was borderline humliating to the German people. So harsh was the treaty that no one was surprised when Germany rose up again in WWII.


Following WWI, Germany was stripped of its ______.

After the Great War, the Treaty of Versailles seized and redistributed Germany’s colonies. The Empire was no more.


Which major world event shook Germany during the 1930s?

In the 1930s, the Great Depression rattled economies all around the world, and the German people suffered. Many people found solace in extreme political views.


In 1961, what feat of construction was built in Germany?

In 1961, the Berlin wall was built in the city of the same name. Overnight, a giant city was divided into East and West Berlin, a microcosm of the tensions between Communism and democracy.


What did Germany do on May 7, 1945?

On May 7, 1945, just a week after Hitler’s suicide, Germany surrendered. The Allies had won the European theater of the war and now turned their attention to the Pacific.


After WWII, Germany was divided into how many different zones?

Following WWII, Germany was carved into four different zones of military occupation. France, the United Kingdom, USSR and U.S. all controlled a piece of the battered nation.


In 1935, what did Hitler announce?

In 1935, Hitler proclaimed that Germany would begin rebuilding its military, a blatant violation of the Treaty of Versailles. Politicians all over Europe dodged the issue, hoping Hitler would go away quietly.


On Nov. 9, 1989, an incredible action of demolition took place. What was destroyed?

On Nov. 9, 1989, the world watched in awe as the Berlin Wall came down. East and West Berlin were finally reunited ... and East Germans could breathe a sigh of relief. Communism was, at last, on the retreat.


What did the Munich Agreement achieve?

The 1938 Munich Agreement permitted Germany to annex parts of Czechoslovakia. It was a tiny taste of the Third Reich’s thirst for power and territorial expansion.


From 1916 to 1917, German civilians suffered terribly under the rationing of WWI. The era is called what?

An Allied blockage caused widespread food shortages in Germany during the war. The Turnip Winter referred to the fact that turnips were just about the only food available to civilians.


In the Anschluss, Germany peacefully annexed which country?

In 1936, Hitler decided that he wanted to reunite all German-speaking people under one roof, so to speak. He annexed Austria, giving the world a taste of what was to come.


In 1919, the German Empire was disbanded and the area became known as _____.

In the wake of WWI, the German Empire was ended. In its place? The Weimar Republic.


What country did Germany invade in June 1941?

In June 1941, Hitler opened up the Eastern Front when he attacked the USSR. Operation Barbarossa was initially a fantastic success, but Joseph Stalin soon made it clear that he had no intention of surrendering to the Nazis.


In 1921, why was there a period of extreme hyperinflation in the Weimar Republic?

Following WWI, Germany was required to pay war reparations to the countries it damaged with its bullets and bombs. But the huge reparations caused hyperinflation and the economy spiraled out of control.


What happened on the Night of the Long Knives in 1934?

In 1934, German SS paramilitaries swept through cities, killing Hitler’s political rivals. Hitler’s path to power was clear... and the darkest days of Germany were just ahead.


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