From Militia to Movements: The Paramilitary Organizations Quiz

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4 Min Quiz

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Are you armed with knowledge? Test your paramilitary pluck by seeing if you can conquer this quiz.

Which paramilitary group abducted heiress Patty Hearst in 1974?

The paramilitary group called the Symbionese Liberation Army (SLA) abducted 19-year-old heiress Patty Hearst on Feb. 4, 1974. The SLA was an American left-wing revolutionary activist group led by escaped convict Donald DeFreeze.

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What year were several key members of the SLA captured, bringing about the end of the paramilitary group?

In September 1975, four key members of the SLA, including kidnapped teenager Patty Hearst, were captured. The founder of the paramilitary activist group, Donald DeFreeze, had died in a May 1974 shootout with police, so the capture and imprisonment of the four SLA members in 1975 effectively ended the group.

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What is the name of the paramilitary group responsible for the 2001 kidnapping of American missionaries Martin and Gracia Burnham in the Philippines?

On May 27, 2001, a Filipino Islamic paramilitary group called Abu Sayyaf kidnapped 20 people, including American missionaries Martin and Gracia Burnham. After the missionaries spent 376 days in captivity, the Philippine military found and rescued the abductees. Gracia Burnham was rescued, but her husband, Martin, was killed during the liberation.

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Who founded the paramilitary group Abu Sayyaf?

Abdurajak Abubarak Janjalani founded the Islamic separatist paramilitary group Abu Sayyaf in 1991.

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What year did the paramilitary Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA) split from the Official Irish Republican Army (OIRA)?

In 1969 the PIRA split from the Official IRA, a group that renounced violence.

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True or false: The paramilitary group PIRA ended its armed campaign in 2005.

In July 2005 the PIRA officially ended its armed campaign against the British government. The PIRA no longer describes itself as an armed force, and an independent report confirmed that the PIRA has decommissioned its weapons. At least two smaller violent splinter groups still exist.

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Which paramilitary group was responsible for the death of Israeli Olympic coaches and athletes in 1972?

On Sept. 5, 1972, the Palestinian paramilitary group Black September stormed the Olympic Village living quarters of the Israeli team, killing two and taking nine hostages. In a subsequent shootout at the Munich airport, all nine Israeli hostages were killed — along with five terrorists and one German policeman.

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Which American anti-government paramilitary group is best known for its recent armed presence in Ferguson, Missouri?

Oath Keepers is best known for its armed presence in Ferguson, Missouri, during the protests of a controversial police shooting.

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When was Oath Keepers founded?

Stewart Rhodes founded Oath Keepers in 2009. The group claims to have 30,000 members, including soldiers, veterans and law enforcement officers.

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What is the name of the FBI elite paramilitary group based in Quantico, Virginia?

The Hostage Rescue Team (HRT) was created in 1983 and is the U.S. government's non-Department of Defense full-time counterterrorism tactical team.

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Which Zionist paramilitary group became the core of the official state army the Israel Defense Forces?

Haganah is a Hebrew word for "defense."

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How long did the paramilitary group Haganah exist in its unofficial capacity?

The paramilitary group Haganah existed in its unofficial capacity from 1920 to 1948. With the creation of the state of Israel in 1948, Haganah became an official military force.

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Which paramilitary group controls more than 60 percent of the cocaine that enters the U.S.?

The Colombian-based FARC controls more than 60 percent of cocaine entering the United States.

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How much money does the Columbian paramilitary group FARC earn annually from the illegal drug trade?

Experts estimate that FARC earns between $500 and $600 million annually from trafficking drugs.

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True or false: The AUC is a paramilitary group that works with FARC in Colombia.

The AUC is an umbrella group of local and regional paramilitary groups that fight against FARC to protect the economic interest of local residents.

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Which American paramilitary group was founded in Dallas in the wake of the Michael Brown shooting in Ferguson, Missouri?

The Huey P. Newton Gun Club is the paramilitary group founded in Dallas in August 2014, after the Michael Brown shooting.

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Huey P. Newton co-founded which organization?

In 1966 Huey P. Newton was one of the co-founders of the Black Panther Party. The Black Panther Party was a paramilitary organization that defended minority communities in the U.S. during the 1960s.

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This Palestinian paramilitary group was founded in 1987.

Hamas is a Sunni Islamic fundamentalist group. It was founded in 1987.

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Where does the paramilitary group Hamas operate?

Hamas primarily operates in the Gaza Strip and West Bank of Israel.

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When was the paramilitary group the Three Percenters founded?

An American anti-government group known as the Three Percenters was co-founded in 2008 by Mike Vanderboegh. The group is particularly focused on protecting its constitutional rights regarding firearm ownership.

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Which American conflict inspired the Three Percenters' name?

The name Three Percenters refers to the percentage of American colonists who fought against the British in the Revolutionary War.

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What is the name of the CIA's paramilitary operations unit?

The CIA's paramilitary operations unit is the Special Activities Division (SAD) and is sometimes referred to as the Special Operations Group.

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Which 9/11 terrorist was captured on March 1, 2003?

On March 1, 2003, SAD operatives captured Khalid Sheikh Mohammed. He was one of the architects behind the 9/11 attacks on Sept. 11, 2001, that killed 3,000 people and injured thousands of others.

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Which American paramilitary group was involved in a 71-day standoff with the FBI in Wounded Knee, South Dakota?

The American Indian Movement (AIM) was involved in a 71-day standoff with the FBI after taking over the Indian community of Wounded Knee, South Dakota. By the end of the siege, two people were dead, 12 were injured and 1,200 had been arrested.

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Which U.S. city was the birthplace of the American Indian Movement?

AIM was founded in Minneapolis in 1968, when more than 200 people met with Native American community activists.

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What is the name of the paramilitary group affiliated with the Church of Scientology?

The Sea Organization, also called Sea Org, was established in 1967.

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Who founded the White Aryan Resistance?

In the mid-1980s, Tom Metzger founded the White Aryan Resistance, a U.S. paramilitary group.

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What was the name of the American anti-communist paramilitary group founded in the early 1960s?

In the early 1960s, Robert DePugh founded an anti-communist paramilitary group called the Minutemen. DePugh was born in Independence, Missouri, where his father was a deputy sheriff. As an adult, he was deeply influenced by the House Un-American Activities Committee, used to suss out communist ties in America. His success with the Minutemen was relatively short-lived. In 1968 DePugh was indicted for bank robbery and sent to prison.

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True or false: The Guardians of the Oglala Nation worked with the American Indian Movement in Wounded Knee, South Dakota.

The Guardians of the Oglala Nation paramilitary group formed to hunt down members of the American Indian Movement in Wounded Knee, South Dakota. The two groups were always at odds.

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Which paramilitary group fought against the Irish Republican Army and other separatist groups in Northern Ireland?

The Ulster Volunteer Force was a loyalist paramilitary group founded in 1966.

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