Pearl Harbor is a lagoon harbor located on the island of Oahu, Hawaii and was acquired by the United States in 1875. It received its name from the pearl oysters that were once harvested from the waters.
It consists of five historic sites that honor the past events, namely the USS Arizona Memorial, USS Oklahoma Memorial, USS Bowfin Submarine Museum & Park, Battleship Missouri Memorial and the Pacific Aviation Museum. Visitors will hear survival stories, tread through airplane hangars and visit the final resting place of the USS Arizona which remains a place of quiet reflection and solemn beauty sunk in this shallow harbor.
On the morning of December 7, 1941, there was a surprise military attack on the United States by Japan at the harbor. During this attack, 188 United States aircraft were damaged with over 2,300 Americans being killed and a further 1,178 were wounded. The following day, the United States raised fury and declared war on Japan, leading to America’s entry into World War II.
This has been recorded as one of the deadliest attacks in United States’ history and will forever be remembered as the day that changed the course of history. To this very day, Pearl Harbor remains an active United States naval base with heightened security. But can you tell us more about that fateful day? Can you tell us about one of the most tragic events in US history?
The Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941.
The surprise attack lasted two hours, and only Navy aircraft carriers weren't destroyed.
An 1,800-pound (816-kilogram) bomb smashed through the deck of the USS Arizona and landed in the forward ammunition magazine. The ship exploded and sank with more than 1,000 men trapped inside.
The USS Maryland was attacked but never sunk.
The Japanese never attacked the U.S. naval oil storage facilities, repair shops, shipyards and submarine docks, allowing the Navy to recover and rebound quickly and get in the fight.
It's estimated that about 360 Japanese planes were part of the attack on Pearl Harbor.
Kimmel was relieved of his duty after the disaster.
Marshal Adm. Isoroku Yamamoto conceived and carried out the surprise attack on U.S. naval forces at Pearl Harbor.
Nagumo oversaw the attack on Pearl Harbor, but he was later criticized for failing to launch a third attack, which might have destroyed the fuel oil storage and repair facilities.
Roosevelt delivered the Infamy Speech to a joint session of Congress the day after Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor.
Within just one hour of FDR's famous Infamy Speech, Congress declared war on Japan, taking the United States into World War II.
Rep. Jeannette Rankin was the only dissenting vote. She said because she couldn't go to war as a woman, she wouldn’t send anyone to war either.
President Roosevelt appointed the Roberts Commission to investigate and report the facts related to the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor.
Although the U.S. had nine operational battleships just before WWII, only eight of them were moored at Pearl Harbor's Battleship Row when it was attacked.
U.S. naval intelligence expected an attack in the Philippines if hostilities broke out between the U.S. and Japan.
More than 120,000 Japanese — 80,000 of which were U.S. citizens — were placed in interment camps in Idaho, Utah, California, Arizona, Wyoming, Arkansas and Colorado.
The quote is generally attributed to Yamamoto, who is said to have been against the attack on Pearl Harbor.
The Japanese planes took off from six aircraft carriers in the Pacific.
They actually called it Operation Z.
Fuchida transmitted "to-ra, to-ra, to-ra!" signaling that the Americans weren't able to mount a defense.
The attack took place around 7:45 a.m. Sunday morning, which is likely why there weren't thousands of more U.S. casualties.
A new U.S. Army SCR-270 mobile radar array mounted high up Opana Point on Oahu detected the Japanese attack force from 70 miles out.
The USS West Virginia was sunk but later raised, and the USS Nevada was heavily damaged. But the USS Utah, which capsized, was never raised and now sits on the bottom of Pearl Harbor.
For years following the end of World War II, the wreck sat largely ignored until a desire grew to establish some type of Pearl Harbor memorial to honor those who died. The USS Arizona Memorial opened in 1961.
The USS Arizona Memorial was dedicated on Memorial Day 1962 and became a National Park Service area in 1980.
The Instrument of Surrender was signed in Tokyo Bay on Sept. 2, 1945, on the USS Missouri.
This is true. And he spoke in an imperial dialect that few ordinary Japanese people could understand.
Participants included the United States, U.K. and Soviet Union. The countries issued the Potsdam Declaration, which outlined the terms of surrender for Japan.
The declaration stated, "The full application of our military power, backed by our resolve, will mean the inevitable and complete destruction of the Japanese armed forces and just as inevitably the utter devastation of the Japanese homeland."
The attack damaged or destroyed about 20 U.S. ships and 300 aircraft.