Prove You Know Your First Aid Basics by Acing This Quiz!

By: Kale Havervold

Prove You Know Your First Aid Basics by Acing This Quiz!
Image: Jose Luis Pelaez Inc/DigitalVision/GettyImages

About This Quiz

Knowing the basics of first aid can be very important in a variety of life's situations. Whether your friend breaks a bone or someone in public faints, you never know when a working knowledge of first aid can come in handy. Unfortunately, many people simply don't know the basics when it comes to first aid and thus wouldn't be able to do much if they encountered an issue like that in their lives. 

Even those who have taken first aid courses over the years have likely forgotten some potentially life-saving techniques, tips and tactics.  The first moments of any emergency are crucial, and there are often many things that can be done before EMTs or paramedics arrive. If you are well-versed in the basics of first aid, you can play a crucial role in helping control situations and possibly even save lives.

As a result, learning and understanding first aid basics are some of the most important things to know. Fancy yourself an expert on all things first aid? If so, read on and prove your knowledge with our quiz on first aid basics! Even if you're not an expert, hopefully this article helps you brush up on your first aid knowledge! 

Disclaimer: this quiz is not intended to give medical advice. If you have a concern about your personal first aid, please consult a doctor/expert on the matter.


Do you need victim permission to perform first aid?
No
Yes, always
Yes, unless they are unconscious
Yes, you must ask any conscious victim if they want help (and should list your medical experience/education) before administering any first aid. If they are unconscious, consent is implied.
No, unless they have a broken bone

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When should CPR be used?
When someone is choking
When someone is unconscious and not breathing
CPR should be used when someone is unconscious and not breathing. It involves a process of chest compression and rescue breaths to help someone begin breathing again.
When someone has a broken leg
When someone is unconscious and breathing

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If you suspect someone might be close to having a heart attack (tight pain in chest and losing breath) what should you immediately do?
Lay them down.
Get them some water.
Get them up and active.
Sit them in a comfortable position.
If a person is experiencing the onset of a heart attack, it is important to slow down their heart rate and help them relax. This means sitting them down and making them as comfortable as possible.

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What is the universal sign for choking?
Yelling
Mouth wide open
Wrapping both hands around throat
No matter where you are, wrapping both hands around your neck will let others know that you are choking. If you see someone doing this, it is fair to assume they are choking.
Pointing at throat

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Your friend is choking on some food, what is the first thing you should do?
Get them some water.
Call for help.
Try to dislodge the food with your hand.
Give a few back slaps between shoulder blades.
While the Heimlich Maneuver might eventually be necessary, the first thing you should actually do is slap your friend on the back between the shoulder blades. This should be done about 5 times and can help provide relief and dislodge the blockage.

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If you get chemicals in your eyes, how long should you flush with water?
10 minutes
4 minutes
10 seconds
20 minutes
You should be sure to rinse and flush your eyes for at least 20 minutes to get the best chance of ridding all chemicals from your eyes. This can either be done under a faucet or under a shower, whatever you have access to.

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Which of these things should NOT be used when trying to treat a sunburn?
A cool cloth
Aloe vera or after sun creams
Moisturizing lotion
Petroleum jelly
While it can be useful for a number of different things, petroleum jelly actually slows down the healing process, which means your sun burn (and the awful pain that comes with it) will only last longer.

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If you are bitten by a poisonous snake on the arm, how should you position the arm?
Lower it.
When bitten in the arm by a snake, you need to lower your arm below your heart. The reason for this is to slow the progreass of the venom into your heart.
Raise it.
Hold it out to the side.
Put it behind your back.

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For adults, what is the ratio of chest compressions: rescue breaths?
10:5
25:5
30:2
For every 30 chest compressions, you need to have 2 rescue breaths. This is the appropriate ratio and will give you the best chance at helping the victim restore breathing.
15:3

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When treating someone who has broken a bone, what's the most important thing to do?
Get them some water.
Immobilize the injured part of the body.
The most important part when treating someone with a broken bone is to make sure the body part is kept in the same place and straight, as the victim moving can often cause more damage. In addition to this, you should try and get the victim as comfortable as possible.
Call for help.
Perform CPR.

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Stitches are required for cuts that ...
Are deeper than .25 inches
Are longer than .5 inches
Came from a dirty or rusty object
All of the above
While many cuts can be dealt with at home with some water, ointment and bandages, others might require a visit to the hospital. If your cut is more than .25 inches deep, .5 inches long or came from a dirty object, you should visit the hospital.

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The F.A.S.T test is used for identifying and detecting what?
A stroke
It is used for helping to detect the signs of a potential stroke in a victim. The F.A.S.T stands for face, arms, speech and time.
A broken bone
A heart attack
Frostbite

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If your body temperature drops below this number, you have hypothermia.
75 degrees
95 degrees
That's right, if the temperature of your core organs drops below 95 degrees, you have hypothermia. Hypothermia can potentially be life-threatening and should be taken very seriously.
85 degrees
105 degrees

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If someone is bleeding heavily, how can you help to stop it?
Tie a tourniquet above the wound.
Give them lots of water.
Get them a bandage.
Apply pressure to the wound.
Applying pressure is one of the best ways to stop or slow down the bleeding. if it is bad enough, 911 should be called, but the primary first aid concern will be to slow down the bleeding.

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How can you assist someone suffering from an asthma attack?
Give them a lot of water.
Give them a bag to breathe in and out.
Help them to sit down and calm them.
Generally, an asthma attack isn't a super severe event and as a result, it's a good idea to just sit the victim down and help them calm down. Of course, if the attack worsens or gets severe, be sure to call 911.
Call 911.

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If someone is suffering a from a head injury, what is the first thing you should do?
Apply something hot to their head.
Rub the injured area.
Apply something cold to their head.
Generally, it is a good idea to apply something cold to the head. This will help to reduce swelling and pain, which are incredibly common with head injuries.
Take them to the ER immediately.

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If you are by yourself and begin to choke, what should you do?
Drink some water.
Try and reach down your throat to remove the blockage.
Keep trying to make yourself vomit.
Throw yourself onto a chair or counter.
Using a chair or a counter for added force, along with your balled-up fists, you can actually perform abdominal thrusts on yourself. It may sound a bit scary, but it will do the job.

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What is involved in the first aid treatment of chemical burns?
Flushing the chemicals with cool running water
In order to help ensure all of the chemicals and residue from them are gone, the area needs to be flushed with water. Because hot water can further irritate the area, cool water should be used.
Using ointment on the affected area
Getting rid of the dead skin
Dabbing the area with a warm cloth

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When treating a cut, what shouldn't you do?
Cover the cut.
Wash it with soap.
The only things that should be used to clean cuts are water, alcohol or other approved ointments. Many soaps have harsh chemicals that won't feel too great on a new cut and can irritate the skin.
Apply pressure.
Keep it clean.

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When someone swallows a chemical, what should you do first?
Get them to chug a lot of water.
Try and get them to vomit.
Call poison control.
While the other options could eventually be something you try, the first thing to do is contact poison control. They will provide you with the necessary steps to protect the victim.
Wait and see what happens.

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When giving back blows to help someone who is choking, what should you use?
Your balled-up fist
The heel of your hand
You should administer back blows with your open hand, and using the heel of your hand, which is where palm meets your wrist. It is hard and flat, which is great for dislodging blockages.
Your elbow
A hard object

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If someone has a very bad allergic reaction, what might happen to them?
Have difficulty seeing
Be unable to breathe
Because allergies can often lead to swelling of the airways, a severe allergic reaction can potentially lead to someone having a hard time breathing.
Have a hard time tasting anything
Not be able to hear

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You come upon an accident with multiple people with serious injuries. Who do you go to first to help?
The youngest victim
The person you're closest to
The person making the most noise
The person making no noise
It is often generally thought that anyone who is very quiet should be the first person you visit. This is because they could be unconscious or might be choking or have some other problem with their airway.

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In the context of first aid, what is shock?
Low body temperature
Lack of oxygen reaching tissues and cells of the body
Shock, in the first aid sense, occurs when the cells and tissues of the body don't get enough oxygen. Often, shock occurs after a massive loss of blood or a serious allergic reaction.
Emotional distress
Extreme pain

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If someone has suffered a serious electric shock, what is the first thing you need to do?
Turn off the power/device
Grab and move the victim away
Call 911 or get the help of a medical team
While turning off the power or device and moving the person away are important eventually, the first thing you need to do is call 911 or get the attention of an emergency medical team.
do CPR

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Which is a symptom of a heat stroke?
A pulse that is fast and strong
High body temperature
A headache that throbs
All of the above
Having heat stroke can actually be quite common in some areas of the world. So if you live somewhere that is generally quite hot and sunny, it's a good idea to know the symptoms, both to help yourself and others.

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The most common symptom of a heart attack is ...?
Coughing
Pain in the chest
According to experts, chest pain is the most common symptom of a heart attack. It may stay in your chest for the entire episode, but the pain could also move to other parts of your body.
Struggling to catch your breath
Pain in your left arm

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If a person needs CPR, but you have never been trained, what should you do?
Rescue breaths
Do nothing and wait for professionals.
Lift the patient's head.
Chest compressions
Doing something is better than nothing while the EMTs or paramedics arrive. If you are untrained in CPR, you should just do chest compressions, at a rate of around 100 a minute if possible.

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If someone loses consciousness, what is the first thing you should do?
Put them on their back.
In addition to laying someone on their back, you should try to raise their legs up about 12 inches or so. This will help for blood flow to be restored to the brain.
Start CPR.
Call 911.
Look for signs of life.

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If you are experiencing frostbite, what temperature water should you bathe your skin in?
20 degrees
32 degrees
between 75.9 and 90 degrees
between 104 to 107.6 degrees
Soaking your frostbitten skin in water between 104 to 107.6 degrees will help to gradually warm up the skin. You can also wrap the affected area in a blanket, but avoid direct hear sources like stoves or fireplaces.

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Which is the most serious type of burn?
First-degree burn
Second-degree burn
Third-degree burn
A third-degree burn is the most serious and harmful of the three. It affects all layers of the skin and permanent damage will have occurred.
They are all the same.

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Aspirin should be offered to someone suffering from?
A heart attack
Generally, it is recommended that a person suffering a heart attack takes some aspirin while awaiting EMTs and paramedics to arrive. Aspirin can slow blood clotting, which is very important to do during a heart attack.
A seizure
A broken bone
A head injury

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What is the first thing to ask yourself before responding to any situation?
Who should I help first?
Is the situation safe?
While you might want to rush in and help, the most important thing to do first is survey the scene and ensure it is safe. You don't want you yourself to become another victim so be careful.
What injuries do the victims have?
How old are the injured parties?

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One of the most common and consistent signs of a stroke is...
A headache
Facial droop
Generally, if a person is experiencing a stroke, half of their face will droop and you will be able to identify it immediately. Other signs include numbness, trouble speaking clearly and general weakness.
Confusion
Amnesia

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What is the first thing to do if someone has been stung by an insect or bug?
Call 911.
Give them medicine.
Carefully remove the stinger.
While all of these responses could be something you do (depending on the severity of the bite) during the first aid process, the first thing to do is to remove the stinger. To do this, you can gently scrape a flat object (like a credit card) over the skin to bring out the tiny stinger.
Apply lotion or cream to the area to soothe.

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