Quiz: Could you make Minor Repairs to Major Appliances?

Quiz: Could you make Minor Repairs to Major Appliances?
Image: ©iStockphoto.com/Andrew Howe

About This Quiz

Major appliances are a big part or our everyday lives. Take this quiz to see how much you know about making some minor repairs to your major appliances.
What should you read before taking apart a major appliance?
the back panel of the appliance
the owner's manual
Check out the owner's manual before disassembling any major appliance. It should have easy-to-understand diagrams and instructions.
the warranty

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What is the first step in fixing a major appliance?
Disconnect it from electrical, gas and water lines.
Before starting any repair work on any appliance, make sure you completely disconnect it from the power supply, and also the gas and water supply if necessary.
Make sure the power to the appliance is on.
Have a fire extinguisher nearby.

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What is the most common cause of appliance failure?
bad service
faulty replacement parts
lack of power
Lack of power is the most likely reason your appliance isn't working. Check the plug, outlet, fuses or circuit breakers to make sure that they're all functioning properly.

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In the U.S., major appliances work on which circuit voltage range?
110 to 120 volts
220 to 240 volts
Large appliances such as air conditioners and cooking ranges require 220- to 240-volt wiring.
440 to 480 volts

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Which type of appliance must be plugged into a grounded outlet?
appliances with grounding wire
Large appliances with a grounding wire will have a power plug with two blades and a prong. They must be plugged into a grounded outlet or grounded with a special adapter plug.
appliances that use water
air conditioners

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In which component of a major appliance is a problem most likely to occur?
timing device
mechanical/power device
both of the above
In major appliances, malfunctions are likely to occur in any of the control devices or the mechanical/power components.

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What's the best way to diagnose a problem with your appliance?
Read the instruction manual.
Test the components one at a time.
Examine each part of the appliance's mechanical systems to find the faulty piece. Since appliance components work together in a logical order, you can test the components one at a time to isolate the problem.
Call a repair center and describe the problem.

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What's usually the best way to deal with a broken appliance part?
Fix it.
Replace it.
Most of the time, it makes sense to replace broken appliance parts rather than repair them. Replace any faulty parts with new ones made especially for that appliance whenever possible.
Recycle it.

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Where can you buy reliable replacement parts for your major appliances?
dollar store
online
You can buy replacement parts from appliance service centers, appliance dealers and home improvement stores. A great option is to order the part online directly from the appliance manufacturer.
department store

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Which device instantly shuts off a circuit when an electric current leak occurs?
power strip
motor cutoff switch
ground-fault circuit interrupter (GFI or GFCI)
A ground-fault circuit interrupter (GFI or GFCI) instantly turns off a circuit when a current leak occurs. In the U.S., the National Electrical Code requires them on all newly installed 15- and 20-amp outdoor outlets and in bathrooms.

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Which appliances can be considered shockproof?
power tools
kitchen appliances
none
No appliance is completely shockproof. You should exercise caution when using any type of electrical device.

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How should you test frayed or worn electric plugs and cords?
with a continuity tester
Use a continuity tester to test an electric cord or plug. If the tester reacts at every test point, the cord is in good working order.
with an electric probe
with a grounding wire

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What is the function of any appliance gasket?
to prevent spills
to prevent shocks
to prevent water and air leaks
To keep your appliances airtight and watertight, check the gaskets regularly. Gaskets should have a spongy, pliable texture.

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How many common types of appliance gaskets are there?
two
Flush-mounted gaskets and channel-mounted gaskets are the two most common types, held in place by either screws and panels or a retaining groove.
four
six

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How many different switches are there in electrical appliances?
two
three
several
There are several types of appliance switches: Push buttons, toggles, rockers, slides and throw switches all play a part in appliance operation.

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How do you reattach wires when installing any new component in your appliance?
Attach it the same way as before.
When you install any new component in a major appliance, be sure you reattach the wires the way they originally were.
Attach it the opposite way as before.
It doesn't make any difference.

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In what direction does current travel through an appliance?
in a loop
Electrical current makes a complete circuit through the switch and the line wires, traveling in a loop through the appliance.
in one direction
back and forth

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What's the purpose of an appliance thermostat?
It cools the appliance.
It heats the appliance.
It regulates temperature.
The appliance thermostat functions much as any other thermostat; it controls temperature in a heating element or in a cooling device.

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How do solenoids keep an appliance running smoothly?
They operate switches and valves automatically.
A solenoid is a very cool device: It operating switches, levers and valves automatically, allowing appliances such as dishwashers to run smoothly through many cycles and functions.
They operate the thermostat.
They operate the motor.

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How can you prolong the life of your major appliance's motor?
Replace the appliance's large parts regularly.
Replace the power cord regularly.
Clean and lubricate it regularly.
Major appliance motors are very reliable, and they should last for many years if you regularly clean and lubricate them.

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You Got:
/20
©iStockphoto.com/Andrew Howe

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