Tech Talk: Router Quiz

Tech Talk: Router Quiz
Image: Mongkol Nitirojsakul/EyeEm/Getty Images

About This Quiz

If you're reading these words, you've benefited from the operations of a router -- probably several in fact. Learn more about these mysterious mechanical manipulators that control network navigation by taking this quiz.
What is a router?
a type of circuit board inside all modems
a specialized computer
A router is a specialized computer that is programmed to interface between different networks. Some software programs can function as routers, but today, we'll just be quizzing you on the physical kind.
a useful concept for understanding internet data flow

Advertisement

What does a router do?
makes sure data sent over the Internet goes where it needs to go -- and not where it isn't needed
acts like a traffic controller, working to cut down on congestion and keep everything flowing smoothly along the best possible path
both
Routers are programmed to perform both these critical functions, standing as gatekeepers between networks to control the flow of data over the Internet.

Advertisement

What are packets?
protocols routers follow to determine where information needs to go
smaller packages of information routers shovel around the Internet
When you hit the send button on an email, place an online order, open a Web page or do any of the other myriad activities possible with the Internet, all that information is broken down into much smaller packets of data, sent individually and then reassembled at the intended destination.
large bundles of data grouped into chunks for delivery

Advertisement

Which of the following do routers look at?
every single packet of information that gets sent their way
Routers are the only type of equipment twisted into the Internet's massive network of networks that look at every single packet passing by.
only packets with certain designations embedded in the coding
all packets that involve person-to-person correspondences

Advertisement

What are the pros of a packet-switching network?
Packets can easily be routed around problems, and the overall load of information can be balanced across different Internet paths.
All kinds of events can cause congestion along the different routes across the Internet. For example, a storm in one city could take out the power and all the routers located in range of the power failure with it. But don't worry, other routers looking to send packets in that direction can simply switch them along another more trouble-free route. Packet-switching networks offer this flexibility and redundancy.
Since packets are small, they don't get jammed up in the Internet's series of tubes.
Packet-switching decreases the memory needed on each individual computer.

Advertisement

How do routers know where all the packets are going?
Routers offer packets different route options, and the packets reject ones that aren't in the direction of their final destination.
Routers can sense from the information contained within the packet where it ought to be going.
All devices connected to the Internet have unique addresses, and packets get labeled with delivery addresses and return addresses so the routers know where they're headed.
Packets, just like regular snail mail letters, are labeled with delivery addresses and return addresses. Using this information, routers can figure out what direction -- if not the exact location -- a packet needs to be headed.

Advertisement

What do routers do when Internet traffic gets a little congested?
They reroute traffic to less congested areas.
Routers are programmed to be capable of determining when certain segments of the Internet are busier than others. When one portion experiences some congestion, nearby routers simply send packets of information along another route.
They focus on speeding up areas experiencing high-volume traffic.
They delete unessential portions of data to ensure timely delivery despite congestion.

Advertisement

How do routers protect you?
Routers can be equipped with authentication and encryption features to monitor packets entering your network.
Routers can have firewalls to block unwanted entry.
both
Routers can possess a number of features which fine-tune what the router will let pass and what it will flag as potentially dangerous or unnecessary.

Advertisement

What sizes do routers come in?
Routers are tiny -- they fit in all types of computers.
Routers are only placed at junction points between large networks.
Routers can come in all sizes.
Major routers handle vast amounts of data, but routers don't need to be that massive. They can be medium sized and even quite small -- it really just depends on the needs of the networks they are connecting.

Advertisement

How much data can the big routers handle?
tens of thousands of data packets per second
hundreds of thousands of data packets per second
tens of millions of data packets per second
Large routers that operate at major Internet traffic points can handle tens of millions of data packets every second. For example, the Cisco 12016 GSR could handle a whopping 60 million packets a second.

Advertisement

You Got:
/10
Mongkol Nitirojsakul/EyeEm/Getty Images
Friends Quiz: Can You Remember These Obscure Details From Friends?
Friends Quiz: Can You Remember These Obscure Details From Friends?
If you consider yourself to be a huge "Friends" fan, then this is the quiz for you! Test your knowledge of the show by seeing if you can remember all these obscure little details from the series!
Explore More

Featured