Science Vocab: How Many of These Basic Words Do You Know?

By: Amanda Monell

Science Vocab: How Many of These Basic Words Do You Know?
Image: Getty Images via -VICTOR-

About This Quiz

When it comes to science, there are so many ologies your head could explode.  If there is a subject, there is more than likely a study of it.  For example, theology is the study of religion.  Many people will look to theologians to resolve crises of faith.  There's astrologists, those who claim to either know the future or actually do have psychic gifts.  While many go to these specialists to get spiritual advice, you don't ever want to confuse these folks with astronomers.  An astronomer studies astronomy, not astrology: the study of natural celestial bodies in space.  This confusion is an area of contention, and you don't want to rub the person the wrong way. 

Just like the number of various studies of science, there are just as many pieces of equipment that help aid the scientist to prove whatever theory they're hoping to prove or disprove.  In addition to this, there is personal protective equipment to help keep those experimenting from getting hurt or destroying the lab.

Do you think you have what it takes to remember your science class vocab?  Get ready to make your science teachers proud by sharpening your pencils and taking this quiz!  

What is the study of living organisms called?
Astronomy
Chemistry
Biology
In addition to classification of animals and plants, a biologist will also study the evolution of organisms and the interaction of organisms with one another.
Physics

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What is the green pigment in most plants called?
Chlorine
Chlorophyll
In addition to providing the green pigment to plants, chlorophyll has a very big responsibility. It helps aid in photosynthesis, the process by which plants get their food from light and convert carbon dioxide to oxygen.
Chloroform
Chloroplasts

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In flowers, what does the stamen do?
A stamen protects the reproductive organs from damage.
A stamen produces the scent of the flower.
A stamen contains the ovules which eventually becomes seeds after fertilization.
A stamen produces pollen, which is used in fertilization.
The stamen has three basic parts: the anther, which brushes against the pistil to start pollination, pollen sacs that create and hold the pollen, and filaments, the small stalks that help support the stamen.

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What type of organism can function without the use of oxygen?
An aerobic organism
An anaerobic organism
In the world of fitness, there are a few workouts that are considered anaerobic: sprinting, heavy weight training and jumping. All of these exercises have one thing in common: They all have short bursts of energy, making it a high-intensity workout.
A carbon dioxide-breathing organism
A chloroplast

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What is the center of an atom called?
The hub
The nucleus
The center of a nucleus has two types of particles: positively charged particles (protons) and uncharged particles (neutrons). Regardless of the number of neutrons in a cell, the protons will make every nucleus positively charged.
Protons
Neutrons

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What is a negatively charged particle called?
Electron
When an atom has more electrons than protons, it is called a negative ion. Contrary to its name, negative ions are actually good to have around: They absorb free radicals and remove pollution in the air, purifying it.
Neutron
Proton
Nucleus

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What is the table that lists all the elements called?
The periodic table
Every element is grouped into a family, where there is one thing that they all have in common. A couple of families listed are the transition metals (which include silver and gold) and the non-metal family (which includes oxygen and carbon).
The gas table
The family table
The elemental table

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What is the combination of two different atoms called?
Combo
Compound
When a compound is written, it usually has a combination of letters and numbers. For example, if you take one hydrogen atom and add two oxygen atoms, you get water. The way it is written is H2O.
Formula
Neutron

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What is the process in which a liquid becomes a gas called?
Melting
Photosynthesis
Evaporation
Steam, evaporated water, is used in many different ways. In the world of cosmetology, a facial usually uses steam to help loosen pores, and steaming is also a method of preparing vegetables.
Condensation

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What is the item that a lever rests on that causes it to rise and fall?
A center
A pivot
A fulcrum
When it comes to illustrating how a lever works to children, oftentimes a teeter totter is used with one child sitting on the ground the other in the air.
A tilt

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Which group on the periodic table is also known as the inert gases?
Noble gases
Balloons float because of a noble gas: Helium has the atomic number of two and is the second lowest element on the periodic table. Another element, neon, helps illuminate neon signs.
Non-metals
Transition metals
Halogens

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What is a mixture of metals called?
Conductive metals
Transitioned metals
Smelted metals
Alloy
Alloys are usually made to strengthen the two originating metals as well as protect it from corrosion. Two examples of an alloy are bronze, which is a mixture of copper and tin, and brass, which is a mixture of copper and zinc.

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What is a transparent item that is used to separate white light into the shades of the color spectrum?
A mirror
A prism
Ever wonder why you can only see a rainbow during a light rain? That's because light is hitting some of the water droplets, creating a natural prism.
A glass
A crystal

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In addition to being a director of the orchestra, this word also means a material that helps transmit energy. What is it?
Conduit
Transmitter
Electrode
Conductor
One of the reasons why wires have a plastic coating on them is to help protect them, the other is to help contain the energy they are transmitting.

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Orion's Belt is an example of a grouping of stars. What are we thinking of?
Conductor
Constellation
In addition to Orion's Belt, all the signs of the zodiac are in the stars. How do you know what sign you are? If you look to the stars on your birthday, your zodiac's constellation will be visible.
Contraption
Cluster

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It takes one year for the earth to finish its lap around the sun. What's the path it takes called?
A round
An orbit
When the Earth rotates around the sun, it is tilted. This tilt is known as an axis.
A rotation
A race

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What's an amphibian?
An organism that is known for having scales
An organism that can live on both land and in water
Some examples of amphibians include frogs, toads and salamanders. During its lifespan, an amphibian will have both gills and nostrils.
An organism with fur
An organism that lives in water

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What's a mammal?
A warm-blooded organism with fur
Even though the dolphin is considered a mammal, an adult is actually hairless. This is because shortly after birth, the dolphin will shed its hair, leaving little pores in the skin where the hair used to be.
A cold-blooded organism that lives in water
A cold-blooded organism that has scales
A warm-blooded animal that has feathers

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What is a reptile?
A warm-blooded organism with fur
A warm-blooded animal that has feathers
A cold-blooded organism that lives in water
A cold-blooded organism that has scales
Unlike chicken eggs, most reptiles lay soft eggs. Their shells are made of keratin. The exception to this rule are some turtle and tortoises.

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What is an arachnid?
An organism with eight legs and exoskeleton
Some examples of an arachnid are spiders and scorpions. In order to protect its young from the elements and predators, scorpions will carry their babies on their backs.
An organism with scales and lives in water
An organism with six legs and exoskeleton
An organism with feathers and usually flies

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What's a small rock cavity filled with crystal or other minerals called?
A heterogeneous rock
A homogenous rock
A geode
A typical geode starts out with liquid filling and forms a valve. As the liquid evaporates, crystals form.
A prism

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What's a rock made of a tightly bonded material called?
A homogenous rock
A good example of a homogeneous rock are lava rocks. Unlike a heterogeneous rock, the bond between the two elements is so tight that it is very difficult to separate.
A heterogeneous rock
A prism
A geode

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What's a rock made of a loosely bonded material called?
A geode
A heterogeneous rock
A good example of a heterogeneous rock is granite. Unlike a homogeneous rock, the bond between the two elements is pretty loose, so it is very easy to separate.
A homogenous rock
A prism

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What is the hard upper layer of a turtle's shell called?
An exoskeleton
A carapace
Carapaces are usually made of bone or chitin. Other animals that have carapaces include scorpions, spiders, crabs and shrimp.
A coat
Scales

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What piece of lab equipment is used to look at a specimen up close?
Binoculars
A periscope
A telescope
A microscope
One distinct difference between a group of plant cells and a group of animal cells is that plant cells have a tight wall-like structure, where animal cells are loose.

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What piece of lab equipment is used to hold a microscopic specimen?
A slide
In order to protect the specimen from damage, a small piece of plastic (called a coverslip) is placed on top of it, compressing it, making it easier to view. This method of slide mounting is called wet mounting.
A Petri dish
A glass
A sampler

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What piece of lab equipment is used to measure liquids?
A bowl
A mixer
A graduated cylinder
Depending on the size of a cylinder, you could also use it for creating mixtures. Because the size of the cylinder can vary, the amount of liquid that is measured can be greater from one cylinder to the next.
A test tube

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What piece of lab equipment is used to grow bacteria?
A coverslip
A slide
A Petri dish
Petri dishes are usually lined with gelatin, which help feed the bacteria, encouraging growth. In order to protect the specimen, each dish comes with a lid.
A growing bowl

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What kind of organism needs air to live?
An anaerobic organism
An aerobic organism
With the exception of some single-celled organisms, most of the creatures on our planet need oxygen to function. In the world of fitness, aerobics classes are designed to help strengthen the lungs through vigorous exercise.
A cell
A proton

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What is an organism with a spinal column called?
A vertebrate
A majority of the creatures that live on the earth are considered vertebrates. The creatures without spines are usually protected by an exoskeleton.
An invertebrate
Insects
Arachnids

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What is an organism without a spinal column called?
A mammal
An invertebrate
Many of the invertebrates that live on Earth are protected by an exoskeleton. Some examples of invertebrates are starfish, mollusks, arachnids and insects.
A vertebrate
A reptile

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What is the outermost layer of the earth called?
The lower crust
The upper crust
Fracking, a drilling method to get oil, causes quite a bit of damage to the Earth's upper crust. When you remove minerals from the Earth without digging, it could cause earthquakes.
The outer core
Magma

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What kind of cloud is also known as a thunderhead?
Cirrus clouds
Cumulonimbus clouds
Made of water vapor, a cumulonimbus cloud is an easy way for the atmosphere to transfer water from one part of the planet to another. They occupy low to medium altitudes.
Stratus clouds
Stratocumulus clouds

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What type of energy is created by a body being in motion?
Kinetic energy
Did you ever wonder why victims of car accidents are flung forward even though the car has come to a stop? That's because even though the vehicle has come to a stop, the body is still moving at the same speed.
Chemical energy
Solar energy
Thermal energy

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What is the center of the earth called?
The mantle
The inner core
Surrounded by liquid, first from the outer core, then from the magma from the mantle, the inner core is actually a solid composed of nickel and iron.
The outer core
The crust

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