The Ultimate Seizure-Predicting Dog Quiz

By: HowStuffWorks.com Contributors

The Ultimate Seizure-Predicting Dog Quiz
Image: Courtesy Canine Assistants

About This Quiz

Can dogs predict seizures? Can they successfully alert their owners when an attack is imminent? The debate continues in the medical community until the matter can be proven. Meanwhile, take this quiz and learn about whether dogs can predict seizures.
Which of these can cause epilepsy?
head trauma
brain malformation
both of the above
There are a number of causes of this neurological condition, including head trauma and brain malformation.

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What is the most common characteristic of epilepsy?
involuntary seizures
The most common one is involuntary seizures, which are unpredictable and often dangerous.
predictable spasm attacks
daytime hallucination

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Dogs that help their owners during and after a seizure are called:
seizure aid dogs
seizure alert dogs
seizure response dogs
They're called seizure response dogs. They respond to a seizure when it happens, as opposed to seizure alert dogs which can apparently sense an approaching seizure.

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According to owners of seizure alert dogs, how much warning time can the dogs give?
15-30 minutes
30-45 minutes
They claim that the dogs can sense the seizure within 30 to 45 minutes of it occurring.
45-60 minutes

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How do dogs alert their owners to an impending seizure?
They bark.
They each have different methods.
Each dog has its own method. Some bark, while others paw at the ground. Some make circling movements, while others make close eye contact. It's very individual.
They paw at the ground.

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Why do some dogs lie next to or on top of their owners when the latter are about to have a seizure?
in order to minimize the extent of the seizure
in order to give comfort or prevent injury
They do this either to give comfort or to prevent unintentional injury during the course of the attack.
in order to give warmth and companionship

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Which of these is a valid theory as to how dogs are able to predict seizures?
Their combined devotion and love toward their master propels them to predict trouble.
Their superior sense of smell alerts them to an imminent attack.
Some theorists say that their superior sense of smell is responsible.
Their successful seizure-alert training helps them to predict a seizure.

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How do they train seizure alert dogs?
with six-month-long training workshops
they don't
They don't train them because, according to the experts, it can't be done. What they can train is dogs to assist their owners in the case of a seizure, like bringing the telephone.
using a food reward system

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A small study discussed in the European Journal of Epilepsy claimed success in training dogs for seizure alert. How much does the medical community accept the results of this study as reliable?
The jury is still out on this one, i.e. it hasn't been proven one way or another.
It depends on whom you ask. The results haven't been proven one way or another and opinions differ widely on the subject.
The medical community discounts the results as unreliable.
The medical community accepts the results as reliable scientific evidence.

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In a 2007 study, what happened when the dog gave warning signals of an impending seizure?
The owner didn't understand the warning signals , so they were futile.
The dog saved the person's life because of its actions.
It actually triggered a seizure.
The dog's warning signals actually triggered a seizures instead of predicting one that was going to happen.

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It seems that some dogs mistake epileptic seizures for another medical condition. What is it?
psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES)
The condition is called psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) and it is a psychological, rather than a neurological, one.
multiple sclerosis (MS)
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)

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What do medical professionals believe with regard to giving seizure alert dogs to people?
that the government should ban this practice
that the system should be regulated with stringent requirements
They say that the system should be regulated and bound by stringent requirements.
that the dogs should be sold to those who need them rather than given away

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How long does it take to train a seizure response dog?
one year
two years
It takes about two years -- and a ton of money, too.
four years

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Does insurance cover the cost of a seizure response dog?
no, usually not
Usually, an insurance company does not cover such a thing.
yes, usually
no, never

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Of the 100 organizations devoted to training service dogs in the U.S., how many of them train seizure dogs?
only 20
Only 20 out of 100 service dog training organizations cater for seizure dogs.
about 50
almost 80

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You Got:
/15
Courtesy Canine Assistants

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