About This QuizLarge and diverse, the United States is home to numerous distinctive architectural styles. Many have grown out of specific cultural, economic or social needs. The shotgun house is a unique style, whose history is interesting and significant in American culture.
Which city is most associated with the shotgun house design?
Perhaps due to the city's unique immigrant culture, New Orleans is home to a very distinctive architecture. Among other styles, the first shotgun houses were built there.
Where do most shotgun houses have their windows?
only in front and back
The assumption is that these houses were rarely built with windows on the sides, since they were very close to the neighboring houses.
only along the sides
in the roof, as well as on the sides
Which immigrants to New Orleans brought the shotgun house style with them?
Haitian immigrants arrived in New Orleans in the early 1800s, following a political revolution in their home country.
When did the shotgun house enjoy its greatest popularity as an American architectural style?
in the early to mid 1800s
in the mid 1800s to early 1900s
During this period, the houses were built throughout the United States, not just in New Orleans.
in the 1920s and 1930s
The struggles of which people were eventually associated with shotgun houses?
The houses allowed for a tightly bonded community, and came to symbolize the efforts of African-Americans to build new lives for themselves following the slavery era.
What architectural feature in the American version creates a problem with the traditional explanation for the name "shotgun house?"
The doors are off center.
In the Haitian version, these houses had doors that were centered on the walls. Since the American version's doors were off center, a shotgun blast would probably damage the wall of the front room.
The doors are not lined up.
The is one solid wall in the middle with no door.
What makes some people think the origin of shotgun houses is in West Africa?
Its name is similar to a Yoruba language word for a similar house.
The houses in western Africa were called "shogun," which means "God's house."
Many of the specific features in American shotgun houses are named for cities in Africa.
Shotgun houses were particularly popular among African-Americans and Haitian immigrants.
What is a "double shotgun" house?
two such houses joined side by side
These houses might be double width, with doors in the dividing wall, or might be built as a two-family house.
a double-length shotgun house
a shotgun house with a door on either side of each dividing wall
What popular architectural feature has been attributed to the shotgun house?
the front porch
The roofs of such houses hang over the front end, and since these porches came close to the street they became good places to congregate with neighbors.
When shotgun house kits first appeared on the market in the early 20th century, how much did they sell for?
Due to their low cost and the speed with which they could be built, such kits became popular in boom towns and in cities that had been struck by disasters.