Zzzzzzzzzzz … How much do you know about sleep apnea?

Estimated Completion Time
2 min
Sleep apnea affects approximately how many people worldwide?
more than 5 million
more than 12 million
more than 100 million
World Health Organization stats say that more than 100 million people suffer from sleep apnea, and those are just the cases we know about. It is estimated that many more cases go undiagnosed every year.

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Which of the following ethnic groups is more prone to sleep apnea?
Caucasians
Native Americans
Hispanics
According to the U.S. National Heart Lung and Blood Institute, Hispanic people have a higher risk of developing sleep apnea than other ethnic groups. So do African Americans and those of Pacific Island descent.

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Which of these is NOT a type of sleep apnea?
obstructive
restrictive
Obstructive sleep apnea occurs as a result of a physical blockage of the airway, while central sleep apnea happens when the area of the brain responsible for breathing fails to send the right signals to the lungs. There is no such thing as restrictive sleep apnea.
central

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How many deaths per year are linked to cardiovascular issues tied to sleep apnea in the U.S.?
1,200
27,002
38,000
Nearly 40,000 U.S. deaths each year are linked to sleep apnea-related health issues. These issues include hypertension and high blood pressure, among others.

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Sleep apnea has been linked to all of the following conditions except:
stroke
Alzheimer's disease
Sleep apnea has not been linked to Alzheimer's disease, but people with sleep apnea are four times more likely to suffer a stroke than people without it.
diabetes

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Sleep apnea victims are three to five times more likely to be involved with what?
a car crash
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration estimates that driving while sleepy leads to 1,550 deaths, 71,000 injuries and more than 100,000 accidents in the U.S. on an annual basis.
sleep walking
their bosses

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Which of the following is NOT a symptom of sleep apnea?
mood swings
weight loss
Weight loss actually helps combat sleep apnea Don't be misled, though -- people who fall within healthy weight guidelines can also have the condition.
difficulty concentrating

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CPAP stands for:
calibrated pulminary articulation process
chronic passive active patterns
continous positive airway pressure
Continous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machines use a face mask and tube connected to a pump to deliver air pressure that keeps a person's airways open.

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Which of these is a dental device useful in treating sleep apnea patients?
palate pusher
tongue retaining device
A tongue retaining device helps to keep the tongue from obstructing the airway by holding it forward through suction.
oral spacer

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What does MAD stand for in reference to treating sleep apena patients?
more air demand
mandibular advancement device
The mandibular advancement device forces the lower jaw forward, creating more space in the airway.
mothers against dentists

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Approximately what percentage of sleep apnea sufferers is overweight?
Less than 10
30
70
There is an extremely strong link between sleep apnea and being overweight -- roughly 70 percent of patients with sleep apnea are also carrying extra pounds.

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How many pounds would you need to lose to reduce your risk of sleep apnea by 30 percent?
5
10
If you're carrying extra weight, dropping 10 pounds will make a huge difference in your likelihood of having sleep apnea. That's often all it takes to get those airways open again!
20

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In which position should sleep apnea sufferers NOT sleep?
on their abdomens
on their backs
Back sleeping restricts the airway as the tounge is drawn downwards toward the throat. It should be avoided in sleep apnea patients.
on their sides

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Approximately 75 percent of childhood sleep apnea conditions are cured if this is removed.
high fructose corn syrup
Justin Bieber albums
their tonsils and/or adenoids
A tonsillectomy is considered the treatment of choice for sleep breathing problems in children by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

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The most common type of surgery for sleep apnea is called:
salpingoophorectomy
trabeculoplasty
uvulopalatopharyngoplasty
Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty is a mouthful, but you can call it UPPP for short. It involves removing tissue from the airway to create more space for air flow.

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In a pillar implant procedure, this is inserted into the soft palate:
polyester string
Does the thought of a sythentic fiber string in your mouth's soft tissue make you squirm? This procedure stops the vibration of the soft palate and tends to be more effective for snoring than for sleep apnea.
a microchip
collagen

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A sleep apnea sufferer could experience this many pauses in breathing per night:
up to 100
up to 400
With as many as 400 interruptions, a person with sleep apnea may never fall into deep, restful sleep.
up to 600

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Approximately how many Americans have undiagnosed sleep apena?
1 in 2
1 in 50
It 's hard to diagnose sleep apnea because those who have it are asleep when the most severe symptoms ocurr, but an estimated 1 in 50 has the disorder and doesn't even know it.
1 in 1,000

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A pause in breathing while sleeping for a sleep apnea victim typically lasts how long?
1 to 5 seconds
10 to 20 seconds
The pause, which typically lasts 10 to 20 seconds but can last much longer, occurs when the airway is temporarily blocked by the tongue, soft tissues or muscles, and wakes up the afflicted person enough to restart the breathing process.
30 to 40 seconds

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The test used during a sleep study to determine whether or not you have sleep apnea is called what?
polysomnogram
During a polysomnogram, electrodes are attached to your finger, limbs, scalp, chest and face to monitor your physiology while you sleep.
cholescintigraphy
apheresis

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You Got:
/20
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