Sustainable Travel Quiz

By: Patrick J. Kiger

Sustainable Travel Quiz
Image: Jupiterimages/Photos.com/Thinkstock

About This Quiz

Sustainable travel is good for the earth, good for local economies, and an all-around good time. So how green are your credentials? Take our quiz on sustainable travel and other related HowStuffWorks topics to find out.
True or false: "Ecotourism" and "sustainable travel" are terms that mean exactly the same thing.
True
False
The main difference between ecotourism and sustainable travel is the destination. With ecotourism, it's a natural area, but with sustainable travel, it can be anywhere.

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How much money does tourism contribute to the global GDP annually?
$5.7 million
$5.7 billion
$5.7 trillion
The World Travel and Tourism Council estimates that tourism's direct and indirect contributions to global GDP total $5.7 trillion annually.

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How many miles do Americans drive each year?
500 billion miles
3 trillion miles
Americans drive 3 trillion miles annually, and they also log 6.5 billion miles annually on domestic flights.
15 trillion miles

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People who are eco-conscious at home rarely change their habits when they travel.
True
False
Unfortunately, this one's false. In a recent survey, 95 percent of travelers admitted to being less green while on vacation.

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What do you call travel during which vacationers participate in charitable work?
Voluntourism
The answer is "voluntourism." Organizations like Hands Up Holidays and programs like Ritz-Carlton's Give Back Getaways can provide volunteer opportunities for your vacation.
Aid-venture
Help-a-Habitat

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Which of the following is not usually negatively affected by tourism?
The environment
The local culture
The local economy
The economic benefits of tourism include income for businesses, sales tax revenues for cities and job creation.

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Unlike Yellowstone National Park, the Great Wall of China, and Angkor Wat, Mount Everest's extreme height has protected it from environmental degradation.
True
False
Unfortunately, this one's false. In 2010, climbers organized a trip to the "death-zone"-- a region on Mount Everest above 26,250 feet (8,000 meters) -- to remove 4,410 pounds (2,000 kilograms) of trash.

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In what way does tourism typically affect the cultural identity of a community?
It alters the original character of a community.
Aspen, Colo., is a great example of how tourism can negatively affect a community's identity. The once-sleepy mining town is now a high-end ski resort community in which most locals can no longer afford to live.
It reinforces and invigorates the existing culture .
It brings new development, increasing competition and lowering the cost of living for local residents.

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Which is not a benefit of agritourism?
It provides a way for small farmers to generate additional income.
Scientific studies have shown that it improves crop health and increases yield.
The trend towards large, industrialized farms has placed a burden on small farmers and increased the distance between production and consumption. Agritourism addresses both of these issues in a fun and memorable way.
It allows people to reconnect with the agricultural practices of the past.

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A roadside produce stand represents what form of agritourism?
Direct-market agritourism
Wine tastings are a good example of education and experience agritourism, while recreation and event agritourism involves activities like festivals, corn mazes and hay rides.
Education and experience agritourism
Recreation and event agritourism

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If agritourism and traditional agriculture provide relatively equal profits to the farmer, it is considered a what?
Supplementary enterprise
Complementary enterprise
If agritourism simply supports the farm's primary role as a farm, it is a supplementary enterprise. If agritourism is the main source of income, it is a primary enterprise.
Primary enterprise

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True or false: Businessmen can participate in sustainable travel.
True
Yes, they can. An increasing number of green hotels are popping up in large cities. For example, the Hay-Adams Hotel in Washington, D.C., earned Sustainable Travel International's luxury hotel eco-certification in 2009.
False

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What can you purchase to offset the carbon emissions incurred during your trip with investment in green energy projects?
Emissions vouchers
Greenhouse credits
Carbon offsets
The answer is carbon offsets. Offsetting a round-trip, 2,200-mile (3,500 kilometer) flight can cost as little as $5.99.

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Which is not a certification for green lodging sites?
Green Key
Blue Flag
Red Tree
Red tree isn't a certification. On average, Green Key sites use 20 percent less electricity, 25 percent less energy for heating, and 27 percent less water per guest than non-certified accommodations.

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True or false: Green hotels are never more profitable than traditional hotels.
True
False
Green hotels often have lower operating costs, and many times they're able to pass these savings on to customers.

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What is it called when companies make their products sound greener than they really are?
Greenscreening
Greenwashing
A common greenwashing tactic in hotels is to ask patrons to reuse their towels and linens instead of washing them daily.
Eco-fraud

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Greenwashing is a widespread problem affecting many products and services.
True
A 2007 study by TerraChoice Environmental Marketing found that all but seven of 1,018 products used misleading or false labeling to promote their products as eco-friendly.
False

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Carbon offsets for a 6,500-mile (10,460-kilometer) cross-country flight in the United States cost about how much?
$0.17
$17.00
For about $17, you can purchase carbon offsets with your airline tickets from travel Web sites like Expedia and Travelocity.
$170.00

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Which form of transportation is the least eco-friendly?
Bus
Train
Airplane
Airplane emissions are especially harmful because they are released at a high altitude.

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True or false: Americans remain largely unreceptive to the goals of sustainable travel.
True
False
A 2002 survey by the Travel Industry Association of America found that 71 percent of respondents felt that their visit to a destination should not harm its environment.

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You Got:
/20
Jupiterimages/Photos.com/Thinkstock

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