Are you a firearms enthusiast? Do you like to play, but rely on others to maintain your firearms? Take this How Stuff Works quiz to find out what you need to do to take proper care of your guns.
Firearms can be fun and useful, but they also take a bit of work. Now, you're not going to be spending hours every day taking care of your guns, but there are some basic steps you need to take to keep them maintained properly.
These basic steps are important because a firearm that is not maintained will not work properly for long. And by properly, we mean that your firearm must hit the target and do so safely. Firearms that are not cleaned regularly and adequately may misfire, which may result in injury to the user or others in the area.
To maintain your firearm, you'll need to know how to clean it, but first, you need to know how to identify each part of the gun, because different parts of each firearm will need to be maintained, or cleaned, in a particular manner. You'll also need to know what to use to clean and maintain your gun.
Let's find out how much you know about firearms maintenance.
Although, ultimately, how often you clean your firearm depends on how often you use it, most experts insist that a twice-annual cleaning is the minimum. How you clean it depends on the firearm and the usage.
Although there are numerous reasons why people put off cleaning their guns, the main reason is that it simply isn't any fun. Putting it off indefinitely, however, is not a good idea.
Although your manual will give you the best idea of how to clean the bore, the reality is that most of the gunk that has accumulated will be removed on the first swipe. And, most gun manufacturers will admit that even just one swipe is better than nothing.
Although you do not technically have to, it is a good idea to, at least occasionally, take your firearm apart, and give it a thorough cleaning. How you do this really depends on the gun and how you use it.
The best time to clean your hunting gun is at the end of the season, before you put it up on the rack. Don't let it sit until next season before cleaning.
Make sure you clear all the shells before you start cleaning your gun. Leaving them is a safety issue and prevents thorough cleaning of the firearm.
Before you shelve your firearm for the season, make sure you work the action after cleaning. Make sure everything feels smooth and gunk free.
The chamber and the bore are the most important components of your firearm. Sure, it's nice if it looks pretty, but function is really what it's all about.
Grit and moisture can be a problem. Make sure you pull the stock and clean thoroughly between all wood and metal parts.
Wipe your firearm down with an anti-rust lube before you store it. This will help prevent the firearm from rusting while stored.
Actually, your gun needs to air out when stored. Cases can hold moisture, which may cause your firearm to rust.
The recoil spring in the buttstock is the most often overlooked auto-shotgun maintenance item. This is an ideal place for grit and gunk to build up.
Failure to clean the recoil spring in the buttstock can lead to autoloader failures. Make sure you pay special attention to this part.
Although there are special cleaning products for special issues, even the least expensive cleaning solutions are better than none. If you have stuck-on gunk, you might need to invest in a specialized cleaner, but otherwise, just use what you have.
This is false. Even though modern firearms are made with materials and processes that hold up better than guns of old, you still need to clean and lubricate them.
Disassembling your weapon is also called takedown. Your firearm manual will detail how to do this properly.
Dish soap is typically not used to clean a firearm. Solvents, lubricants, and brushes are staples in most gun-cleaning kits.
After you make sure your firearm is not loaded, you should engage the safety. After that, field strip the firearm.
You should clean the barrel forward toward the muzzle. This is the direction the bullet travels.
Apply lubricant to all moving parts. This will ensure that they continue to operate properly.
Rust can be harmful to your firearm. It can make it inaccurate and unsafe to use.
Look for both excessive wear and cracks. Both can make your weapon inaccurate and unsafe to use.
Although a pretty firearm is nice, the main goal is to ensure that your firearm is safe and that it functions properly. Regular maintenance is key to this.
Shotgun cleaning rods are thicker than handgun cleaning rods. Rods are designed to fit specific bores.
Although a firearm may claim to be self-cleaning, you will still need to perform regular maintenance. All firearms need to be cleaned.
A firearm that is not cleaned and maintained may explode. This is termed a catastrophic failure of the firearm.
Slamfire happens when a semi-automatic firearm fires repeatedly. This can happen if the bolt assembly is not cleaned religiously.
A cleaning rod that is too hard can nick the inside of the barrel. Always use a rod that is made of material that is softer than the barrel.
A jag or a loop fits on the end of the cleaning rod to hold the patch. Use brass or plastic to avoid damaging the bore.
Use a clean patch with every swipe of the bore. Using a dirty patch will just move the dirt around.
Make sure your cleaning brush is made of a soft material like nylon or brass. A brush that is too hard will damage the bore.
WD-40 is not suitable for use with guns. Your best bet is to purchase the proper cleaning and maintenance supplies.
This is true. Although, even better than a toothbrush would be a cleaning brush specifically designed for cleaning firearms.
Technically, the answer to this is yes. However, Q-tip might leave cotton fibers in the nooks and crannies of your firearm.
Although your family members may know a lot, it's best to follow the recommendations of the manufacturer. This will ensure that your firearm is safe and efficient to use.