The Common Diseases Quiz

Daniel Yetman

Image: HRAUN / E+ / Getty Images

About This Quiz

Your alarm goes off, but something doesn't feel right. Your eyes are red and puffy, your throat is sore, and you feel more tired than you did the night before. You call in sick to work and go back to bed. For most of us, getting sick happens a few times a year, but just because it's common doesn't mean it's fun. 

There are over 200 types of viruses that cause the common cold, which is why it seems like you can get the same sickness over and over. Getting a cold might make you miserable for a couple of days, but unless you have a compromised immune system, it's probably not going to kill you. 

Hopefully, you haven't had most of the diseases in this quiz. If you have, you must be very unlucky! Some of these diseases are genetic, while other's are transmitted through viruses, fungi and bacterial infections. The good news is for many of these ailments, you can only get them once before your body builds up immunity. 

Do you think you can name all 35 of these diseases? Grab your lab coat, gloves, and facemask and let's dissect these sick questions. We're aching to see see how you'll do. *cough*

Which of these diseases is characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain and fatigue?

Fibromyalgia is a disease that causes widespread pain throughout the body. It may also cause memory loss, problems with sleep, and disrupted mood. It's slightly more common in women than men.

If you eat a high-sugar diet, you may develop ...?

Diabetes occurs when your body stops producing insulin in the amounts needed to lower high blood sugar or when the body stops responding to insulin. It can be hereditary or the result of a sugary diet.

Which of these viral diseases is passed by mosquitoes?

Yellow fever is characterized by a high fever and damage to your liver and kidneys. Some people don't develop initial symptoms, but people who do have about a 50 percent chance of dying within a week.

This airborne bacteria targets your lungs. What's it called?

Tuberculosis has a range of nasty symptoms such as coughing up blood, night sweats and a complete loss of appetite. It's most common in people with weakened immune systems, such as HIV or cancer patients.

Which of these diseases is caused by a sexually transmitted bacteria that, when left untreated, can cause brain problems, stroke and aneurysm?

If syphilis is left untreated, it can lead to death. It was more serious before the 1940s when the discovery of penicillin made it curable. However, it can still cause neurological complications if it reaches late stages.

Which of these deadly diseases has been eradicated since 1980?

Luckily, smallpox has been eradicated. It was a nasty disease that caused large bumps to form all over the infected person's body. Even when people survived, the bumps left terrible scars.

This disease causes symptoms like congestion, headaches and a runny nose. What is it?

If you've ever had a sinus infection, you know how miserable they can make you feel. Sinus infections aren't generally as serious as many of the other diseases in this quiz, but they can occasionally cause high fevers.

Which of these diseases causes a large, scaly rash?

Ringworm actually isn't a worm at all. It's a fungus that causes a ring-shaped rash that usually has a raised edge. It can be passed from one person to another when skin comes in direct contact.

This infection targets your lungs and and make breathing difficult. It's ...?

Pneumonia can be a severe disease for people who already have compromised immune systems, elderly people and babies. It can be caused either by a bacterial, viral or fungal infection.

What is the scientific name of 'pink eye'?

It's pretty easy to spot pink eye when you see somebody with red and inflamed eyes. It's highly contagious, and if you suffer from this disease you should stay away from other people to avoid spreading it.

Tremors and muscular stiffness are caused by _______?

Michael J. Fox is probably the most well-known case of Parkinson's. He started experiencing symptoms when he was in his late twenties. Since his symptoms have gotten worse, he has worked mostly as a voice actor since the late nineties.

When the cartilage between your joints wears down, you get which disorder?

Osteoarthritis is a common disorder that usually affects seniors. It's most common in hips, knees, ankles, wrists and between vertebrae. It generally gets worse over time as joints wear down.

Which of these diseases is passed by mosquitoes and causes a high fever?

Malaria is one more reason to hate mosquitoes. There's probably no worse sound than lying in bed and hearing a buzzing somewhere near your ear. If you're unfortunate enough to get Malaria, you can expect fever, fatigue, headaches and vomiting.

Cancer of tissues that create blood is known as _____?

Leukemia can develop in either children or adults. Early symptoms of leukemia are general and can make diagnosis difficult. Swollen lymph nodes, recurrent nosebleeds and bone pain are among the more unique symptoms.

Another name for a common yeast infection is which of the following?

Thrush is generally not a serious disease. It causes redness and soreness in your mouth or genitals. When treated with anti-fungal cream, is generally takes about two weeks to clear up.

High blood pressure is also called what?

High blood pressure was originally thought to be caused by consuming a high-salt diet. However, new research shows that either genetics or a high-sugar diet may play a more significant role. African-Americans are at the highest risk.

Changes in testosterone levels with age may cause which of the following?

Benign prostatic hyperplasia is more commonly referred to as an enlarged prostate. At this time, it's not thought to increase your risk of prostate cancer. However, it can cause urinary problems and a frequent need to urinate.

_____ is when your immune system attacks your own organs.

Lupus is an autoimmune disease that occurs when your body begins attacking itself. Early symptoms may include fatigue, joint pain, headaches and rashes. In extreme cases, it can lead to organ failure.

Which of these diseases commonly effects women's reproductive cycle?

The cause of this disease is unknown, but it's fairly common among adult women. It can lead to infertility, problems with childbirth, depression and an increased risk of cancer of the uterus.

Which of the following is a highly contagious skin infection?

Impetigo most commonly affects children. It appears as a cluster of sores around the mouth and nose. Serious cases can lead to cellulitis, which is an infection of the tissue beneath the skin.

Which of these diseases causes weakness and tissue breakdown?

Muscular dystrophy is a group of diseases that causes your muscles to breakdown. The most common type is Duchenne muscular dystrophy, which onsets early in childhood for most people.

Which of these is "the kissing disease"?

Mono is called the kissing disease because it's passed through saliva. It usually isn't serious, and most people will get it at some point in their life. According to WebMD, about 85-90 percent of Americans will be infected before they're 40.

Which of these is a genetic disorder that leads to the progressive breakdown of nerve cells?

Huntington's is thought to be passed from parents to their offspring. Most people develop symptoms in their 30s or 40s. The first symptoms often include trouble walking, muscle jerking and difficulty speaking.

This sexually transmitted virus weakens your immune system to the point that you're no longer able to fight infections. What's it called?

HIV and AIDS don't kill you by themselves. However, they break down your immune system to the point that even a common cold could kill you. There's still no cure, but people can live for a very long time with proper treatment.

Which of these diseases leads to chronic itchy skin?

There's no cure for eczema at the moment. It's common to develop eczema on the elbows, knees, wrists, ankles and chest. It usually goes away for a time and goes through flare-ups.

Which of these diseases leads to a stature of under 4'10"?

There are two types of dwarfism. In proportionate dwarfism, the limbs and body are proportional to each other. In disproportionate dwarfism, the arms and legs are short compared to the head and torso.

Which of these is a common disease for infants that causes a rash and fever?

Roseola is an extremely common disease in kids. Usually, it's not serious and doesn't cause any lasting effects. According to Mayo Clinic, the majority of children will have roseola by the time they enter school.

Which of these diseases causes seizures?

Epilepsy is a brain disorder that currently doesn't have a cure and causes unpredictable seizures. The cause is unknown, but it's thought that genetics and brain injury can both play a role in its development.

_____ affects the mucus-producing cells of the lungs. What are they?

Cystic fibrosis causes mucus to become thicker than normal, which can affect the lungs. People with cystic fibrosis are generally able to live a relatively normal life. People with cystic fibrosis usually live into their thirties, with some living to be 40 or 50.

If you're gluten intolerant, you have which of the following diseases?

It's thought that roughly 1 percent of people in the U.S. have celiac disease. It can lead to digestive issues that lead to malabsorption of essential nutrients. There's no cure, but avoiding gluten foods can ease symptoms.

What neurological disorder leads to trouble staying awake?

Narcolepsy is thought to be caused by chemicals in the brain called hypocretin. Essentially, narcolepsy is the inability to stay awake during the day to the point that it interferes with daily activity.

The breakdown of fatty sheaths called myelin that wrap around the axons of your neurons is known as ...?

Multiple sclerosis occurs when your immune system attacks the fatty sheaths around your neurons that function to speed up signal conduction. Early symptoms include tremors, incoordination, and numbness.

A disease that leads to a deformation of red blood cells is known as which of the following?

Red blood cells usually are shaped like donuts with filled holes. However, with sickle-cell anemia, red blood cells become shaped like sickles. This irregular shape can impair your blood's oxygen-carrying capacity.

This neurodegenerative disease often leads to dementia. What's it called?

It's thought that genetics account for roughly 70% of your risk of developing this disease. The science behind Alzheimer's still isn't well understood, but regular physical activity is thought to lower your risk of developing Alzheimer's later in life.

Which of these is an autoimmune disease that causes hair loss?

Alopecia areata can cause hair loss on your head or across your body. In severe cases, it can cause complete hair loss. It generally occurs before you turn 30 and shouldn't be confused with male pattern baldness.

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