Lifeguards use all kinds of skills and techniques to save victims from drowning, potential injuries of the neck and spinal areas and more! In this quiz, we've compiled a list of 35 questions that will test your knowledge on lifeguard-related topics like jumps, types of rescues and medical devices.
Let's take a look at some jumps. There are four types of jumps, or entries, that are used by lifeguards. Depending on the situation, a compact jump, stride jump, run-and-swim entry or a slide-in entry may be used. A compact jump is used to jump from high places, like a lifeguard chair, where a lifeguard loosely "tucks in" their knees to their rescue tube. A stride jump is typically used near the edge of the pool, where a lifeguard extends one leg into the water. For potential spinal injuries, a slide-in entry is used for both deep water and shallow water areas. This is so that the water remains undisturbed around the person being rescued. And finally, a run-and-swim entry is used for waters that have little to no depth, where a lifeguard literally runs in the water to save a victim.
You'll be quizzed on whistle blasts, CPR techniques and first aid treatment in this quiz as well. Let's see how well you do; try and score at least a 75% now!
If a lifeguard wants to tell someone to stop running (in a swimming pool area), how many short whistle blasts will they typically use?
The answer is one short whistle blast. A lifeguard will use this to get someone's attention for minor situations like running by the pool or diving into a shallow area of the water.
Which of the following vehicles are not typically used by lifeguards in a beach setting?
Lifeguards don't typically use a bicycle in a beach setting, as it would be difficult to actually ride a bike through sand. Instead, they use vehicles like inflatable boats (in the ocean), quad bikes and pick-up trucks.
It's when a lifeguard "scans" the entirety of the pool/beach area for 10 seconds and is within a 20-second reach of all swimmers.
The 10:20 rule is an important technique that is used by lifeguards in both swimming pool and beach settings. It's when a lifeguard scans the entirety of the swimming area for 10 seconds and is within a 20-second reach of all swimmers.
No lifeguard should work past 10:20 pm.
It refers to a CPR technique, where the lifeguard does 10 chest compressions, followed by 20 seconds of breathing into the valve mask.
It refers to having no more than 10 lifeguards on duty, who should all be within a 20-yard radius from each other.
If the victim has a possible injury of the neck or spine
If the victim has a possible injury of the neck or spine, a lifeguard will typically use a slide-in entry. This is when a lifeguard slowly slides into the pool without causing any disturbances in the water, as that could affect the potential injury even more.
If a lifeguard saves a conscious victim who is showing "active" signs of help, this is called...?
A spinal rescue
An in-line stabilization
An active-victim rescue
An active-victim rescue involves a lifeguard saving a conscious person, or someone who shows active signs of needing help in the water. This is opposite from a passive-victim rescue, when the victim may be unconscious.
Which of the following is NOT a duty of a lifeguard?
Clean the pool area
Provide first aid to minor injuries
Perform rescue operations
Talk with other lifeguards
Lifeguards should not talk to other lifeguards, as this can create a distraction from a potential victim. A lifeguard's primary duties are to clean the pool area, provide first aid for minor injuries, scanning the swimming area and performing rescue operations.
If a lifeguard needs to make other lifeguards aware of a situation, how many short whistle blows will they use?
The answer is two short whistle blows. This is used to alert other lifeguards to a potential emergency situation. If a lifeguard needs to leave his or her station to respond to an emergency or perform a rescue, the two short whistle blasts will let other lifeguards know that backup help might be needed.
When a lifeguard runs through shallow water to save a victim
A jump from the edge of a pool, when the lifeguard extends one leg during the jump
A stride jump is done from the edge of a pool, when the lifeguard extends one leg forward during the jump, like taking a stride when walking. This entry is typically used when the water is at least 5 feet deep.
A jump from somewhere high above pool, like a lifeguard chair
If a swimmer is near the edge of a pool and shows signs of distress, which method should a lifeguard use to perform a rescue operation?
If a victim is near the edge of a pool and shows signs of distress, a lifeguard can simply pull the person out of the water by reaching out to assist them, perhaps with the help of a rescue tube or a rescue pole.
If a victim is facing away from you as they are drowning, which type of rescue operation should be performed?
Passive victim rear rescue
Active victim rear rescue
If a victim is facing away from you as they are drowning, an active victim rear rescue should be performed. In this approach, the lifeguard will grasp the victim under the arms from behind, supporting the victim's shoulders while kicking and pulling them back towards the shore or the side of the pool.
This technique is used to "drag" a victim from the water and to a safe place. What is it called?
This technique is called a beach drag. It's typically used in a beach setting to gently pull a victim out of the water and to a safe location. This method shouldn't be used if the victim might have a back, head or neck injury, as being pulled along the ground could cause worse damage.
How many lifeguards are needed to complete a front-and-back carry operation for a victim?
Two lifeguards are needed to complete a front-and-back carry. The first lifeguard holds the legs of the victim, while the second lifeguard offers support to the torso area. This method is used to carry a person who's unconscious or unable to move out of shallow water.
Which of the following is NOT a technique to open a victim's airway?
Jaw-thrust maneuver (with head extension)
A variety of techniques are used to open a victim's airway, but a spinal maneuver is not one of them. The other three techniques in the answer list are used to open the airway to allow for oxygen flow into the victim.
An AED is not a type of oxygen delivery device. Instead, it's used to reset the heart rhythm of a victim with a life-threatening irregular heartbeat. The rest of answers in the list are in fact oxygen delivery devices.
When performing CPR, how many chest compressions should be administered to a victim over a 1-minute span?
The range of chest compressions that should be administered over a 1-minute span is 100-120. This is accomplished via the 30:2 rule, which consists of 30 chest compressions, followed by 2 rescue breaths (this cycle is repeated).
A lifeguard should spend ______ seconds or less when checking a victim's pulse.
A lifeguard should spend no more than 10 seconds when checking the victim's pulse. A lifeguard must work quickly in emergency situations, and too much time spent on checking for a pulse may delay required treatment to a victim.
H.A.IN.E.S stands for "High arm in endangered spine." It's a type of position in which a victim is turned to his or her side so that the spine is not potentially damaged. It also keeps the airway open.
Which of the following is NOT a sign of respiratory distress?
Jaundice refers to a yellow color in the white part of a person's eyeball and the skin. Jaundice can be caused by a number of different underlying medical conditions, but it is not a sign of respiratory distress. A lifeguard should look for sweating, abnormal breathing, dizziness and a blue color around the lips to detect if someone is in respiratory distress.
If a victim has severe hypoxia, which oxygen delivery device should a lifeguard use?
A bag-valve mask, or BVM, should be used for a victim who has severe hypoxia, which is when the body is severely lacking oxygen. Also called a manual resuscitator or self-inflating bag, works by forcing air into the lungs and providing ventilation. A non-rebreather mask may also be used.
An elastic roller bandage should be applied to the affected area. This type of bandage reduces blood flow and can help prevent swelling. Of course, if it's possible the snake was venomous, expert medical care should also be sought immediately. The rest of the answers in the list should never be used for a snakebite.