The Paris Landmarks Quiz


By: Bambi Turner

4 Min Quiz

Image: Shutterstock

About This Quiz

The City of Lights draws millions of visitors each year who flock to Paris' museums, monuments and architectural marvels. Take our quiz to see how much you know about the most popular Paris landmarks!

Sacre-Coeur stretches high above this Parisian district.

As the second highest point in Paris -- after the Eiffel Tower -- the Basilica of the Sacred Heart sits on a hill above Montmartre.


When was construction complete on Sacre-Coeur?

Builders labored over the Roman Catholic cathedral between 1875 and 1914, crafting a church with a distinctly Byzantine architectural style from blocks of white travertine.


What is the Hotel de Ville used for?

Hotel de Ville has served as the government center of Paris since 1357. It's used as both City Hall and the official home and office of the mayor.


What was the Bastille before it became the public square it is today?

The Bastille was a notorious prison before it was stormed by angry residents in 1789 as part of the French Revolution. Today, much of the original structure is gone, and the area serves as a public square, complete with subway station and opera house.


What year was the Eiffel Tower completed?

Built for the World's Fair, the 1,000-foot tower was the tallest structure in the world when it was completed in 1889 and held that title until the 1930s.


The Eiffel Tower was only supposed to be a temporary structure.

The Tower was always supposed to be temporary and was nearly torn down in 1909. It survived only because the French government felt it would serve as a useful way to transmit radiotelegraph signals.


How many people visit the Eiffel Tower each year?

Seven million people tour the Parisian landmark annually, making it the most popular paid monument in the world.


It is illegal to photograph the tower at night.

More than 20,000 bulbs are used to create a choreographed light show on the face of the tower each night. Because the show is copyrighted as a work of art, you could be fined if you take a picture of the illuminated tower.


What Paris landmark served as a setting for "The Phantom of the Opera?"

Opened in 1875, the Palais Garnier is also known as the Opera Garnier, and served as the setting for "The Phantom of the Opera." The spectacular structure is not longer the main opera house in the city and is primarily used to host ballets.


What statue sits at the peak of the Palais Garnier?

The Beaux-Arts building is well-known for its ornate sculptural details, including a statue of Apollo on the peak of the roof and gilded figures called "Harmony" and "Poetry" at either end of the building.


What was the Louvre before it was a major museum?

The original Louvre was built back in the 12th century to serve as a fortress to protect Paris from invaders. By the 14th century, it was largely abandoned as French leaders built fortresses further outside of the growing city.


What year did the Louvre open as a museum?

The Louvre opened to the public on August 10, 1793. Many of the 500 exhibits consisted of works taken from nobles and aristocrats during the French Revolution.


The Louvre pyramid contains exactly 666 pieces of glass.

Sorry Dan Brown fans. The pyramid consists of 673 panes. That figure 666 was a rumor started in the '80s by people who were angry about the new addition to the Louvre.


How many people visit the Louvre each year?

More than 8 million people visit the Louvre each year and many head straight for its most famous painting -- La Joconde -- better known as the Mona Lisa.


What have tourists traditionally left behind at the Pont des Arts Bridge?

For years, couples have been fastening locks to the Pont des Arts Bridge and tossing the keys into the Seine River. To prevent damage to the bridge, the city removed the locks in 2015, but an estimated 700,000 keys remain on the bottom of the river.


What is the Moulin Rouge?

The Moulin Rouge, one of the city's most famous cabarets, attracted the most famous people in Paris when it opened in 1889. Though it burned down in 1915, it was rebuilt in 1921 and is still open for visits.


What object sits on the roof of the Moulin Rouge?

Moulin Rouge means red mill in French, so it's no surprise that the building is topped by a giant red windmill.


What is the Pantheon used for today?

Built in 1790 as a replica of the ancient Pantheon in Greece, the Pantheon in Paris can be found in the Latin Quarter. It has served as both church and meeting house in the past, but today acts as a mausoleum.


What subject is the focus of the museums at Los Invalides?

The Baroque-style Les Invalides was completed in 1678 to house military veterans. Today, it's a monument to military history, including various museums and a home and hospital for veterans.


What feature is The Grand Palais best known for?

Constructed in 1900 for the World's Fair, the Grand Palais has a glass dome, which was inspired by the dome at the Crystal Palace in London. Today, it serves as a science museum and grand gallery.


What was the Musee d'Orsay before it was a museum?

Completed in 1900 to serve as a train station for the World's Fair, the Gare d'Orsay was transformed into a large art museum, which opened in 1986.


Where does the French Senate meet?

Built as a private residence for the mother of King Louis XVIII, Luxembourg Palace now houses the French Senate. It's also home to a 55-acre public park known as the Jardin du Luxembourg.


When did Le Centre Pompidou open?

Famous for its design -- the mechanical and electrical systems are built on the outside of the structure instead of hidden away inside -- Le Centre Pompidou is a center for the arts in Paris. Opened in 1977, it houses a huge library and one of the biggest modern art collections in the world.


Who commissioned the Arc de Triomphe?

Napoleon commissioned the elaborate victory arch in 1806 but sadly died before it was completed in 1836.


An elephant could have been built on the spot where the Arc de Triomphe sits today.

Before the Arc was built, architect Charles Ribart proposed building a giant three-story wooden elephant in its place instead. The idea was nixed and the Arc has become an important symbol of Paris.


Where is the world's largest victory arch located?

The Arc de Triomphe was the largest victory arch in the world until North Korea built one just a little bit bigger in 1982. The Paris arch measures 164 feet tall, while the one in North Korea is 200 feet.


When was Paris' Grande Arche completed?

Le Grande Arche -- or the Arche de la Defense -- stands in stark contrast to the Arc de Triomphe thanks to its sleek exterior. The structure was completed in 1989 to celebrate French humanitarian efforts and now houses government offices.


What is the English translation of Notre-Dame?

Notre-Dame Cathedral, also known as Our Lady of Paris -- serves as one of the world's most famous examples of Gothic architecture. Built between 1163 and 1345, it was also revolutionary in its use of flying buttresses.


How many bells does Notre-Dame have?

Notre-Dame is home to 10 famous bells, which come in different sizes to produce different tones. The largest is called Emmanuel, while the smallest is known as Jean-Marie.


What is the Champs Elysees?

The Avenue des Champs Elysees is one of the most famous streets in Paris. It runs through the Arc de Triomphe and is a popular parade route. It also serves as the finish line for the Tour de France.


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