The Women of the Civil War Quiz

By: Gavin Thagard
Estimated Completion Time
3 min
The Women of the Civil War Quiz
Image: Shutterstock

About This Quiz

Women played a major role in the outcome of the Civil War. How much do you know about their contributions?
Who was Abraham Lincoln's wife?
Mary Todd Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln was elected the 16th president of the United States on November 06, 1860. When he was elected, Mary Todd Lincoln became the 16th First Lady of the United States.
Martha Lincoln
Laura Lincoln
Hillary Lincoln

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Who wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin?
Harriet Tubman
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Stowe's novel depicted the horrors of slavery and reached a wide audience. According to speculation, Abraham Lincoln said the novel started the Civil War.
Frederick Douglass
William Lloyd Garrison

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Did women fight in the Civil War?
Yes
Women often served as nurses and spies during the war, but a few women dressed themselves as men so that they could fight.
No
We don't know.
They only served as nurses.

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Who worked around the house for wealthy Southern women before the war?
Their husbands
Their children
Slaves
Southern women lived a life of ease before the war broke out, but when their husbands left to fight, many of these women were forced perform duties they were not used to.
Hired servants

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Which side did Rose O'Neal Greenhow fight for?
The Union
The Confederacy
Rose O'Neal Greenhow was a spy for the Confederacy. Through her efforts, she helped the Confederacy win the First Battle of Bull Run.
Britain
France

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Who was Lucretia Mott?
Slave owner
Abolitionist
Lucretia Mott was an abolitionist who saw slavery as evil. When the war ended, she continued to fight for women's suffrage and was elected as the first president of the American Equal Rights Association.
Slave
Sailor

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What did Louisa May Alcott do during the war?
Nothing
A Spy
A Nurse
Louisa May Alcott was a volunteer nurse during the Civil War. After the war was over, she wrote her famous book called Little Women.
A soldier

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Which was NOT a reason for the Civil War?
Sectionalism
States' Rights
Slavery
Women's Suffrage
The Civil War was fought for many reasons. The most prominent reason was slavery, which forced everyone in the country to take a side.

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What did Elizabeth Cady Stanton fight for?
Slavery
The Right to Vote
Elizabeth Cady Stanton was an advocate for equality. She fought for both the rights of women and blacks, including the right to vote.
Higher Tariffs
The Right to Own Land

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How did Southern women encourage men to support secession?
Threatened to leave
Told them it was their family duty
Southern women knew the importance of duty in the South, and they encouraged their husbands to fight for the Southern way of life, which they believed was being threatened.
Wrote letters to the government
Refused to help with chores

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Who was the wife of Jefferson Davis?
Mary Todd Davis
Hillary Davis
Varina Davis
Varina Davis was the second wife of Jefferson Davis. When the South seceded and Jefferson Davis became the Confederate president, Varina became the First Lady of the Confederacy.
Martha Davis

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Where was Marie Tepe from?
Canada
Mexico
France
Marie Tepe enlisted in the Union army beside her husband, Bernardo Tepe. Since she was from France, she was known as French Mary.
Florida

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Where was the Siege of Vicksburg?
Mississippi
The Siege of Vicksburg was difficult for every Southern person in the city, including women. Women struggled to survive as they ran out of food and supplies. Not to mention, they were often in close proximity to enemy fire.
South Carolina
Georgia
Virginia

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Who provided clothing and supplies to wounded soldiers after the Battle fo Gettysburg?
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Lydia Hamilton Smith
The battle of Gettysburg left thousands wounded after it was over. With a sense of responsibility, Lydia Hamilton Smith traveled the battlefield, providing clothing and supplies to soldiers, even soldiers from the Confederacy.
Frederick Douglass
Varina Davis

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Who returned to the South to rescue slaves?
Abraham Lincoln
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman returned several times to the South to rescue slaves. During the Civil War, she served as a spy and a scout for the Union army because of her knowledge of the land.
Jefferson Davis

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What made life difficult for the wives of poor Southern farmers?
They feared slave rebellions.
They were forced to fight in the war.
They faced starvation.
While wealthy Southern families had slaves to help care for their land while the men were off fighting in the war, the wives of poor farmers were forced to care for the land themselves. With no help, these women often faced starvation.
Their homes were used as Confederate camps.

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Where did Robert E. Lee's family live when war broke out?
Alabama
South Carolina
Mississippi
Virginia
Once Robert E. Lee knew war was inevitable, he told his wife, Mary Anna Custis Lee, to leave their home in Virginia and travel elsewhere but to keep quiet about where she went. After the war ended, she returned only once to visit their old home.

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What did Harriet Tubman carry to keep slaves from returning to their plantation once they escaped with her?
A gun
After a slave agreed to run away with Harriet Tubman, she refused to allow them to return to their plantation because it threatened the entire group. She would even hold a pistol to their head if she had to.
A knife
A stick
An axe

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Which of the following was Frederick Douglass NOT known for?
Orating
Abolitionist Writing
Owning Slaves
Although Frederick Douglass fought for the freedom and rights of African Americans, he was also an advocate of women's rights. He believed both causes went hand in hand in many ways.
Advocating Women's Rights

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Which did the South have more of?
Railroads
Factories
People
None of the above
Due to their agricultural economy, the South was far more spread out and less industrialized than the North. Often, Southern women were required to make supplies for Southern soldiers in their own homes. Some women even nursed soldiers back to health in their homes.

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Who is known for leading a Union army from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia?
Robert E. Lee
George Meade
Ulysses S. Grant
William Sherman
Women in Georgia suffered greatly on Sherman's March to the Sea, as he burned many of their homes and stole their food. However, this usually did not deter them from supporting the Southern cause.

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Which prison was known for its poor conditions?
Belle Isle
Andersonville
Women often disguised themselves as men to fight in the war. Although the numbers are few, some of these women were captured and sent to Andersonville Prison. On record, at least one baby was born at Andersonville to a prisoner.
Rock Island Prison
Point Lookout

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Which Southern spy married her captor?
Harriet Tubman
Belle Boyd
Mary Bowser
Antonia Ford Willard
Antonia Ford was arrested for spying for the Confederacy. She pledged her allegiance back to the Union and married her captor, Joseph Willard.

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What is Clara Barton known for founding?
The American Red Cross
Clara Barton served as a nurse during the Civil War. After the war ended, she traveled the country and spoke on the horrors that she witnessed. She went on to found the American Red Cross.
A School for the Deaf
A School for the Blind
A Military School in New York

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Who was a spy for the Union?
Mary Bowser
As a slave for the family of Jefferson Davis, Mary Bowser worked in the Confederate White House. During the Civil War, she relayed information to the Union.
Clara Barton
Harriet Beecher Stowe
None of the above

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Where was Pickett's charge?
Antietam
Gettysburg
Robert E. Lee ordered Pickett to lead his soldiers on a charge to capture Cemetery Ridge, even though success was virtually impossible. At least one woman participated in Pickett's charge, and she was killed with the other men.
Vicksburg
Shiloh

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Who was the superintendent of women nurses for the Union army?
Harriet Tubman
Clara Barton
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Dorothea Lynde Dix
As the superintendent, Dorothea Lynde Dix was responsible for nurses during the Civil War. She initiated standards and guidlines that nurses were required to follow, which provided nurses with a universal approach when it came to their job.

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Who was the 18th First Lady of the United States?
Mary Todd Lincoln
Julia Grant
The 1868 election pitted Ulysses S. Grant against Horatio Seymour. Grant was widely popular and won by a large margin in the electoral college.
Martha Washington
Laura Bush

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Who was the 17th First Lady of the United States?
Mary Todd Lincoln
Hillary Clinton
Eliza McCardle Johnson
When Abraham Lincoln was assassinated, Andrew Johnson became the 17th president of the United States. His wife, Eliza, suffered from tuberculosis and was often bedridden during his presidency.
Nancy Reagan

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What was the main cause of death during the war?
Battle Wounds
Starvation
Execution
Disease
Nurses did their best to prevent death on the battlefield during the Civil War, but they could not stop the spread of diseases that ravished camps on both sides.

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What did Pauline Cushman do before the war?
Wife of a Slave Owner
Abolitionist
Actress
Pauline Cushman was an actress who toasted Jefferson Davis as a prank, but she gained Confederate support for the act. Seen as a Confederate sympathizer, the Union used her as a spy.
Worked in a Factory

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Who was the first woman executed by the United States government?
Harriet Tubman
Varina Davis
Mary Surratt
Mary Surratt conspired with John Wilkes Booth to assassinate Abraham Lincoln. On July 7, 1865, she became the first woman to be executed by the United States government after being found guilty of helping assist in the assassination.
Lucretia Mott

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Who is the only woman to receive the Medal of Honor?
Cara Barton
Mary Edwards Walker
Mary Edwards Walker served as a nurse during the Civil War. She often ventured into enemy territory to help wounded soldiers and was captured during one of these trips. For her bravery, she was awarded the Medal of Honor.
Harriet Tubman
Elizabeth Cady Stanton

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Who continued to live as a man after the war?
Belle Boyd
Clara Barton
Pauline Cushman
Jennie Hodgers
Jennie Hodgers joined the Union army under the name Albert Cashier. When the war ended, she continued to live by the name until her identity was discovered in 1913 while she was at a hospital for the insane.

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Where was Belle Boyd from?
New York
Virginia
Belle Boyd was a Confederate spy during the war. Although she was arrested several times, she was always set free and continued her activities.
Illinois
Michigan

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