There Are Over 250 Primate Species—Can You Name More Than 11?

By: Jacqueline Samaroo
Estimated Completion Time
5 min
There Are Over 250 Primate Species—Can You Name More Than 11?
Image: Amith Nag Photography/Moment/Getty Images

About This Quiz

Don't let this quiz make a monkey out of you!

Primates are without a doubt one of the most enigmatic orders of animals in the world. Compared to the size of their bodies, primates have large brains, and they oftentimes exhibit high levels of intelligence. In fact, humans are technically primates ... and we're the smartest animals in the world! Nonhuman primates are found on most continents, with only Australia and Antarctica being the exceptions. Most species have adapted to surviving in primarily temperate habitats; however, there are some examples, like the Japanese snow monkey, that thrive in cold habitats. While we all know that humans live in thriving cities and towns, other primates are incredibly social as well. In fact, some of them have intricate communities that can have hundreds, and even thousands, of members!

In this quiz, we've taken a look at primates from all over the world and selected only the most unique and the most memorable ones. From massive gorillas to tiny marmosets, this quiz has it all. So are you ready to prove that you know these proud primates? Then let's jump right into this quiz and get started!

Common chimpanzee Found in Central and West Africa, this primate is one of the most intelligent members of the order. What is its name?
Common chimpanzee
The common chimpanzee is one of the prime examples of the high level of intelligence in nonhuman primates. They can easily make use of simple tools (like rocks and spears) and function in complex social communities that can easily reach over 100 members.
Buffy-tufted marmoset
Sanford's brown lemur
Emperor tamarin

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Japanese macaque This extremely intelligent monkey is named after its native Asian country. What is it called?
Cross River bushbaby
Verreaux's sifaka
Japanese macaque
As the name suggests, the Japanese macaque is native only to the islands of Japan. They are notable for being the most northern-living primate in the world (aside from humans) and also the one that lives in the coldest climate.
White-eared titi

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Western gorilla Which large African great ape can live for up to 40 years in the wild?
Aye-aye
Crowned lemur
Greater dwarf lemur
Western gorilla
Even though it is the most numerous species of gorilla in the world, the western gorilla is still critically endangered. Low reproductive rates, diseases and human encroachment have all led to a drastic decline in the population in recent years.

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Barbary macaque The only primate that can be found living in the wild in Europe goes by what name?
Silky sifaka
Barbary macaque
One of the most notable things about the Barbary macaque is the fact that it is the only nonhuman primate that can be found in Europe (aside from other captive species). This small European population exists only in Gibraltar, with all others being located in the Atlas Mountains in North Africa.
Moor macaque
Guinea baboon

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White-fronted capuchin What is the name of the smart New World monkey that sometimes uses leaves to drink water?
Maroon leaf monkey
Gray-bellied night monkey
White-fronted capuchin
The white-fronted capuchin is notable for being one of the most well-known and widely studied New World monkeys. They are primarily found on the South American mainland, with a small population also being located in Trinidad and Tobago.
Sun-tailed monkey

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Bornean orangutan The third largest island in the world is the only location where you can find which species of great ape?
Western red colobus
Madidi titi
Bornean orangutan
Orangutans are the only group of great apes that can be found in Asia, and the Borneo orangutan is a specific species that can be found on the island of Borneo. Deforestation and other human-related activities have led to it being classified as critically endangered.
White-footed tamarin

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Mandrill Which extremely large African monkey lives in groups that can easily number in the hundreds and even thousands?
Cotton-top tamarin
Mandrill
The mandrill holds the distinction of being the largest species of monkey in the world. Aside from humans, the mandrill is the primate that forms the largest gatherings—with the largest stable mandrill horde ever recorded having over 1,300 members.
Sarawak surili
Red-faced spider monkey

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Gelada Ethiopia is home to which species of monkey that is notable for its "bleeding heart"?
Gelada
Due to a distinct bright patch of skin on its chest, the gelada is oftentimes referred to as the bleeding-heart monkey. They are endemic to the Ethiopian highlands where they feed primarily on grasses, flowers, fruits and other vegetation—insects are only eaten on rare occasions.
Chestnut-bellied titi
Malbrouck
Bonobo

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Banded surili What is the name of the small Southeast Asian monkey that feeds on leaves and is rarely found on the ground?
False potto
Banded surili
The banded surili is a species of relatively small monkey that can be found throughout Southeast Asia. It is also known as the banded langur or the banded leaf monkey.
Sanje mangabey
Gray mouse lemur

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Brown howler This South American monkey gets its name from the loud sound that it makes. What is it called?
Northern muriqui
Gray snub-nosed monkey
Rio Acari marmoset
Brown howler
While it is called the "brown" howler, this species of South American monkey can be found in colors that range from black to reddish-orange. They are found primarily in Brazil and a small section of Argentina.

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Golden lion tamarin Which Brazilian monkey that is named after a ferocious feline is currently endangered due to habitat loss?
Malawi bushbaby
Golden lion tamarin
The golden lion tamarin is currently classified as endangered, and it only has a relatively small range on the southeastern coast of Brazil. Aside from this small population, there are approximately 400 to 500 golden lion tamarins in zoos all across the world.
Black squirrel monkey
Golden snub-nosed monkey

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Human The most populous and the most intelligent primate in the world goes by what name?
Common chimpanzee
Eastern gorilla
Human
Humans are the most notable primates in the world for several reasons. We have the largest population (when it comes to primates), the highest level of intelligence of all animals, and the most complex social structures.
Agile gibbon

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Hainan black crested gibbon This Chinese primate is one of the most endangered monkeys in the world. What is its name?
Hainan black crested gibbon
The Hainan black crested gibbon is critically endangered with a population a few dozen living in the Hainan Bawangling National Nature Reserve. They have not been able to breed in captivity, and in the wild, they have relatively slow population growth.
Hamlyn's monkey
Pied tamarin
Ring-tailed lemur

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Uakari What is the name of the South American primate that is notable for its bald, skeletal head?
Guatemalan black howler
Spix's white-fronted capuchin
Uakari
One of the most distinctive things about the uakari is its skull-like, bald face. These features are primarily due to the fact that they have a negligible amount of subcutaneous fat.
Napo saki

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Siamang Do you know the name of the largest gibbon in the world that is native to Southeast Asia?
Western hoolock gibbon
Bouvier's red colobus
Siamang
The siamang is notable for being the largest gibbons in the world, being able to reach over 3 feet in height. Endemic to the Southeast Asian countries of Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia, they are currently endangered.
Ursine colobus

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Red-shanked douc This Southeast Asian monkey is notable for being one of the most colorful primates in the world. What is its name?
Crab-eating macaque
Nilgiri langur
Bengal slow loris
Red-shanked douc
The red-shanked douc is a monkey from Southeast Asia that spends most of its time in trees, climbing down to drink water on occasion. They are currently endangered and are found primarily in Laos and Vietnam.

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Crested mona monkey Which species of Central African primate is notable for its blue scrotum?
Nepal gray langur
Crested mona monkey
The crested mona monkey makes its home in the western reaches of Central Africa, where it can usually be seen in lowland rainforests. Perhaps one of their most notable physical features is the fact that males have a blue scrotum.
Philippine slow loris
King colobus

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White-faced saki This primate from the northern tip of South America spends most of its time in leafy trees. What is its name?
White-faced saki
The white-faced saki is a species of primate that makes its home in the northeastern reaches of South America—from eastern Venezuela to the Guianas and northern Brazil. They feed primarily on plant matter; however, they can sometimes be observed eating bats, insects and birds.
Rondon's marmoset
White-headed langur
James' sportive lemur

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Olive baboon What is the formal name of the baboon that has the most extensive range of its genus?
Calabar angwantibo
Olive baboon
The olive baboon is a species of highly social primates that is also sometimes referred to as the Anubis baboon. This species is notable for being the most wide-ranging baboon in the world, and it is found in over two dozen African countries.
Colombian woolly monkey
Southern white-cheeked gibbon

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Proboscis monkey This Asian primate gets its name from its abnormally large nose. What is it called?
Philippine tarsier
Fat-tailed dwarf lemur
Proboscis monkey
The proboscis monkey's name is a direct reference to the extremely large noses that males of the species have. They are one of the largest primates that are native to Asia and they are found only on the island of Borneo.
Ursine howler

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Philippine tarsier Do you know the name of the tiny South Asian primate that is notable for its large eyes?
Masoala fork-marked lemur
Philippine tarsier
The Philippine tarsier holds the distinction of being the mammalian species that has the highest eye to body size ratio. They are currently near threatened, primarily due to loss of habitat and rapid urbanization.
Three-striped night monkey
Tapanuli orangutan

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Southern white-cheeked gibbon Male and female members of which Southeast Asian primate species have distinctly contrasting coloration?
Proboscis monkey
Silvery greater galago
Southern white-cheeked gibbon
Hunting and habitat loss have lead to the southern white-cheeked gibbon being currently classifies as endangered. One of the most notable things about this species is the fact that mature males are black and mature females are light brown.
Jolly's mouse lemur

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White-headed langur This extremely rare Southeast Asian primate is notable for its long tail, what is its name?
Olive baboon
Silvery greater galago
Jolly's mouse lemur
White-headed langur
There are less than 100 white-headed langurs in the world today, and as a result of this, they are classed as one of the most endangered primates in the world. They are only native to an extremely small region along the border of China and Vietnam.

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King colobus Do you know the name of the regal primate that is endemic to West Africa?
White-faced saki
Masoala fork-marked lemur
Three-striped night monkey
King colobus
Due to its coloration and geographical distribution, the king colobus is oftentimes referred to as the western black-and-white colobus. They live in relatively small social groups (less than 10 adults) and feed primarily on plant matter (fruit, leaves, and flowers).

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Crab-eating macaque Which Southeast Asian primate is notable for its misleading food related name?
Crab-eating macaque
While one would think that the crab-eating macaque gets its name from its primary food source, this is not the case. In fact, their diet primarily consists of fruits, leaves, and seeds; however, they have been observed diving for crabs and also eating small birds and fish.
Fat-tailed dwarf lemur
Ursine howler
Crested mona monkey

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Western hoolock gibbon This South Asian primate can usually be heard singing in a duet or in a group, what is its name?
Colombian woolly monkey
Western hoolock gibbon
The western hoolock gibbon can primarily be found in Bangladesh, Myanmar, and India, usually in leafy trees. They are currently endangered due to hunting, deforestation, and other human activities.
Calabar angwantibo
Red-shanked douc

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Guatemalan black howler This Central American primate gets its name form a country and the sound that it makes, what i it called?
James' sportive lemur
Guatemalan black howler
The Guatemalan black howler is notable for being one off the largest monkeys that can be found in the Americas. In addition to this, it is also the largest monkey that is native to Central America and the largest howler monkey in the world.
Rondon's marmoset
Siamang

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Ring-tailed lemur Madagascar is home to which distinctively patterned, omnivorous primate?
Uakari
Philippine slow loris
Nepal gray langur
Ring-tailed lemur
The ring-tailed lemur is notable for being one of the most well-known lemurs in the world. They are native only to the southern reaches of Madagascar and are currently endangered in the wild.

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Golden snub-nosed monkey Which monkey that lives in the mountains of mainland China gets its name from the color of its hair?
Hainan black crested gibbon
Nilgiri langur
Bengal slow loris
Golden snub-nosed monkey
The native range of the golden snub-nosed monkey exist only in Southwestern China, here it can be found living in mountainous forests. It is also known as the Sichuan golden hair monkey in China.

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Northern muriqui The largest monkey that is native to the Americas goes by what formal name?
Tapanuli orangutan
Ursine colobus
Northern muriqui
The northern muriqui is found only in a small region of the Brazilian-Atlantic coast and it is currently classified as endangered. It is notable for being the largest monkey in the Americas.
Bouvier's red colobus

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Gray mouse lemur Which tiny primate from Madagascar is notable for being the largest member of its genus?
Golden lion tamarin
Napo saki
Gray mouse lemur
While it may be the largest mouse lemur in the world, the gray mouse lemur is still one of the smallest primate species. You'll only see it out at night and mostly in trees.
Spix's white-fronted capuchin

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Bonobo What is the name of the Central African primate that is most notable for its prolific sexual behavior?
Hamlyn's monkey
Bonobo
The bonobo is native only to a relatively small region in Central Africa and human influence has drastically reduced its population in recent years. They are currently endangered and are also one of the closest living relatives to humans
White-footed tamarin
Brown howler

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Red-faced spider monkey Which South American primate with a prehensile tail notably shares its name with an arachnid?
Banded surili
De Brazza's monkey
Pied tamarin
Red-faced spider monkey
The red-faced spider monkey is notable for being of of the most skilled climbers out of all primates. Like all spider monkeys they are notable for their prehensile tails that they use for balance and climbing.

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Western red colobus This West African monkey is commonly preyed upon by the common chimpanzee, what is its name?
Western red colobus
The western red colobus is a species of monkey that is native only to the western coast of Africa. They are currently endangered, with disease and human activity claiming a large portion of their lives in the wild.
Agile gibbon
Black squirrel monkey
Gelada

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Maroon leaf monkey The island of Borneo is the native habitat for which red primate?
Rio Acari marmoset
Maroon leaf monkey
The maroon leaf monkey gets its name from its coloration and the fact that it is most often found residing in trees and feeding on leaves. Endemic to the island of Borneo, they are largely herbivorous.
Malawi bushbaby
Mandrill

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Guinea baboon This small primate is named after a Wast African country, what is it called?
Bornean orangutan
Gray snub-nosed monkey
Guinea baboon
While the Guinea baboon notably spends most of its time on the ground, they make a distinct effort to sleep in trees once night falls. The Guinea baboon is notable for being the smallest species of baboon in the world.
Sanje mangabey

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Crowned lemur This primate from Madagascar notably uses its tail for communication, what is its name?
White-fronted capuchin
False potto
Crowned lemur
Like all lemurs, the crowned lemur can only be found in Madagascar in the wild. This specific species is endangered and only lives at the northernmost tip of the island.
Chestnut-bellied titi

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White-eared titi Which Bolivian primate notably has monogamous, lifelong relationships?
Barbary macaque
Sarawak surili
Malbrouck
White-eared titi
The White-eared titi is found primarily in Bolivia, with only a small portion of its range extending into eastern Brazil. They are distinctive for being one of the notable primates species that has monogamous relationships.

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Pygmy marmoset The smallest monkey in the world is known by what name?
Western gorilla
Madidi titi
Cotton-top tamarin
Pygmy marmoset
The pygmy marmoset is a species of small primate that is native to the eastern reaches of South America. Although it is not the smallest primate in the world, it holds the record for begin the smallest monkey.

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Emperor tamarin This South American primate is best-known for its elegant beard, what is its name?
Emperor tamarin
The emperor tamarin is a relatively small primate that is found in the eastern reaches of South America, around the borders of Brazil, Peru, and Bolivia. Its most notable physical feature is its long white beard that reaches down past its shoulders.
Sun-tailed monkey
Gray-bellied night monkey
Japanese macaque

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