From shears and ring cutters to pen lights and stethoscopes, EMT personnel are trained to utilize a variety of tools to help patients in distress. A whole variety of drastic situations can be solved with the expertise of EMT and their applicable tools and equipment.
Some of these tools may be well-known to you, such as eye cups, blood pressure cuffs and thermometers. Other tools, like heamogulcometers and telemetry monitors, may sound foreign, but are essential to measuring specific vitals of a patient. The heamogulcometer for instance, is used to read the blood glucose levels of a patient. A telemetry monitor, on the other hand, is used to measure the heart activity of a patient.
These tools may be a piece of cake to use by EMT personnel, but can you identify some of them? Think you know the difference between a trauma dressing and a vital signs monitor? Or how about the difference between a neck brace and a spinal board? It's time to take the True or False: EMT Tools Identification Edition quiz now to find out!
False. Stethoscopes are used to hear lung and heart sounds for an accurate diagnosis. The cost of a stethoscope varies from under $100 to several hundred dollars.
True. A pen light is used to check the response of pupils through light. This can tell the EMT personnel if the patient is having a stroke or if they may be experiencing a side effect from a drug.
True. Trauma shears can cut through various fabrics quickly and accurately. Some also have a ruler attached to the blades.
True. Eye cups are small cups that are used to wash out the eyes. The eye cup is typically filled with water or a safe solution and is held tightly over the patient's opened eye for effective washing.
False. A wristwatch is used to measure things like time of death, while a ring cutter is used to cut through jewelry. The ring cutter poses no threat to the patient during the jewelery-cutting process.
False. Bandages are typically used to dress wounds, while an eye magnet is used to safely and effectively remove small objects from the eye. These are often small and stainless steel in material.
True. Window punches are used to break windows, and look like a small pen with a steel tip on the end. The handle is also adjustable for ease of use.
True. A Lifesaver Hammer is an all-purpose tool that can cut seat belts and shatter windows. Some even come with a flashlight and a whistle.
False. A Rescue Tool has multiple uses, one of which is to break through safety glass. Though it can't measure heart rate, it can shut off safety valves and open locked doors and windows.
False. A CPR Board is a flat surface for a patient who is about to undergo CPR. This will allow for effective CPR compressions.
True! Eye pads are made from a nonwoven fabric to prevent infections to an injured eye. These also have edges that are compressed, and usually come in individual packages for sterile purposes.
False. A waste bag is used to hold hazardous materials that need to be disposed. This may include used gauze or clothes that can't be returned.
True. A face shield covers the majority of the face, typically leaving the eyes and forehead exposed. This allows the EMT to work safely when being exposed to infections.
True. Forceps are a popular tool that is used for bullet removal. These are often shaped like tweezers with a strong grip.
True. Bandage scissors are useful for cutting through an old bandage, or removing excess bandage from a newly-dressed wound. They are made of stainless steel.
False. A CPR mask is used to effectively perform CPR to a patient. The mask is placed over the patient's nose and mouth while the EMT breathes air in through the valve. It does not work automatically, however. Someone has to administer the breathing.
False. An AED is used to transfer electric shocks to a patient who is experiencing cardiac arrest. It can also measure the heart rhythm of a patient.
True. Otherwise known as a bag valve mask, a BVM looks similar to a CPR mask, except it has an inflatable "bag" attached to it. Ample oxygen tubing is also provided with each BVM.
True. EMTs need a place to store their tools on their bodies, so a holster will typically do the trick. These are often small and can hold shears, pen lights and other tools.
True. A nasal cannula has tubes that go through the patient's nostrils to deliver adequate oxygen flow. These are often used if a patient disapproves of an oxygen mask over the face.
False. A traction splint is used to hold a leg in place for treatment or diagnosis. Straps attach over the patient's legs to secure them in place.
True. Sterile gauzes cover a variety of skin abrasions, such as cuts, scrapes and blisters. Oxygen can still seep through the gauze to promote healing.
False. A sterile burn sheet is essentially a blanket that features durable material. This specialized blanket is used to prevent infections for burn patients.
True. To prevent infection, EMTs will often treat abrasions with a saline solution. The solution is a mixture of water and salt.
False. A triangular bandage acts as an arm sling for patients with a damaged arm. These bandages can also be used to hold a damaged joint in place.
True. A blood pressure cuff is used to determine blood pressure readings of a patient. The cuffs also have an attached stethoscope to them.
False. Oral Glucose is used to raise the blood sugar of a diabetes patient. This typically takes several minutes to work.
True. Medical gloves can be either sterile or non-sterile. The gloves act as a barrier between the EMT and the patient to decrease the risk of cross-contamination.
False. Thermometers are used to check a patient's temperature. This often takes a few short minutes. The data can help EMTs determine treatment, but thermometers themselves are not a treatment.
True. Pulse oximeters are used to check the oxygen levels in the human body. This causes no harm to the patient.
False. Telemetry monitors are used to check the heart's activity over a certain amount of time. A patient's heartbeat is controlled using electrical signals just like an EKG.
True. A vital signs monitor measures vitals like temperature, heart rate and blood pressure. All of these readings appear on a single screen.
A neck brace immobilizes a potentially damaged neck. This is also called a cervical collar.
True. Head immobilizers contain dual head supports that are foam in material. A patient's head is placed between the head supports for efficient immobilization.
False. Transport incubators are actually used to hold infants safely for transportation. Infants are secured in a dome-shaped incubator that is attached to elongated wheels.
True. Trauma dressings come in many different sizes, and are typically used to protect cuts, wounds and abrasions. These types of dressings are great for absorbing light to moderate amounts of blood.
True! When someone is having a seizure, an EMT personnel will often place a bite stick into the patient's mouth as a tongue depressant. This allows for the patient to breathe properly while they are having a seizure.
True. A spinal board looks like a long surf board that securely holds a patient in place. The secure straps allow for minimal damage to a person's spine.
False. A glucometer is used to accurately read the levels of a patient's blood glucose. This device often entails a finger prick to draw blood from the patient for efficient readings.
True. A KED is a brace that is used on the neck, torso and head. This is also called a Kendrick Extrication Device.