Vatican City State is the smallest sovereign state in the world. It's legally distinct from, but closely linked to, the Holy See. So let's see what you know about the Pope's unique home in this quiz.
Saint Peter's Basilica …
Was built shortly after Saint Peter's death
Was built on the orders of Emperor Constantine in 324 A.D., was consecrated in 329 A.D., and remains intact today
Is a more modern replacement of the original Saint Peter's Basilica and was built in the 16th century
Although some construction spilled over into the early part of the 17th century, the Saint Peter's Basilica that visitors gaze upon today when visiting the Vatican is largely a 16th century replacement of Constantine's original, which had deteriorated badly over the centuries.
Is sometimes suspected of being the original work of another painter -- not Michelangelo
Contains a number of major scenes -- not just the world-famous "Creation of Adam"
Was painted with such supreme artistic technique that it has never needed to be repainted or restored
One of Michelangelo's masterpieces, the Sistine Chapel ceiling, contains much more than a scene concerning God's creation of Adam. Many scenes from the Bible are depicted on the lofty fresco -- a fresco that has needed fixing up several times over the centuries.
Is an 18-room building built in 1931 that houses a number of famous artistic works collected by several popes
Is a 15-room building built in 1878 that contains a controversial collection of artifacts from Egyptian antiquity
Is a 30-room building built in 1959 that's dedicated to some of the core bureaucratic departments that help run the Vatican
The Vatican Pinacoteca contains masterpieces by a number of renowned artists over the centuries, including Giotto, Pietro Lorenzetti, Raphael, Leonardo di Vinci and Giovanni Bellini, among many others.
Is not attached to the main entrance of Saint Peter's Basilica, despite what the name suggests
Has many of the same features it had when it was completed -- including two main fountains and a massive obelisk, all three erected within the giant elliptical part of the piazza that's ringed with hundreds of columns
Broke away from the contemporary Baroque traditions
The piazza retains many of its original attributes, with one notable exception: The entrance used to be more obscured, creating a surprise effect, before the controversial and spacious Villa della Conciliazione opened in 1950.
Has been around since the early popes, who built their collection steadily and stealthily
Is a rather new development. Popes didn't build an actual library until sometime in the 17th century.
Fell between antiquity and modernity: The modern Vatican Library has its origins in the 15th century
Evidence of various early libraries and archives dates back to the 4th century, although those collections were often scattered or lost in later years. Many consider the modern era of the Vatican Library to have begun in the 15th century, largely thanks to the efforts of Nicholas V and Sixtus IV, who began rebuilding the Vatican's collection and installing the library in an expanded, physical location. Nowadays, the Vatican Library's holdings are immense.