What Do You Really Know About Skin Cancer?

By: John Miller

What Do You Really Know About Skin Cancer?
Image: Shutterstock

About This Quiz

Each year, millions of people around the world are affected by a skin cancer diagnosis. Some of those cancers will be minor; others will be deadly. How much do you really know about this incredibly common affliction?
What is skin cancer?
A type of skin pigment problem
A really bad rash
Uncontrolled growth of abnormal skin cells
Skin cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal skin cells. It can be a pretty minor condition, or it can kill you.

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There are how many main categories of skin cancer?
1
3
There are three main categories of skin cancer. They are melanoma, basal-cell and squamous-cell cancer. They vary in their effects, and the treatment is different, too.
16

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What's one way to spot skin cancer?
Regular X-rays
CAT scan
Monthly skin exams
You can perform a monthly skin exam to keep an eye out for potential problem areas. You'll find instructions for this exam on Skincancer.org.

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True or false, in the past 30 years, have more people had skin cancer than all other categories of cancer combined?
true
Skin cancer is dishearteningly common, and yes, in the past 30 years, more people have had it than all other types of cancer combined.
false

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What's the most common cause of skin cancer?
Exposure to gasoline fumes
Exposure to small children
Exposure to ultraviolet light
We can't live without the sun. But the sun's UV rays damage our skin. If you're frequently outdoors, take precautions to protect your skin.

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What's one way you can reduce your risk of skin cancer?
Chain mail armor
Wear sunscreen
Sunscreen technology has advanced significantly in recent years, and so far, it appears to do a good job of protecting the skin from the sun's damaging rays. But you have to apply it liberally and regularly when you're outdoors.
Live underground in large caves

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What's a sign of squamous-cell skin cancer?
It has little eyes
It's a lump with scaly top
Squamous-cell skin cancer is often identified due to the little scaly lump that it leaves on your skin. Detected early, doctors can effectively treat squamous-cell cancer.
It squeaks

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What is one feared type of skin cancer?
Melanoma
Melanoma is one extremely dangerous type of cancer. It's less common than other types, but when it strikes, it's more likely to grow and spread.
Melon cancer
Millionoma

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Sunscreen is effective in reducing _____ types of skin cancer.
No
Most
Sunscreen reduces the odds of most types of skin cancer. At present, however, there's no real evidence to show that it prevents basal-cell skin cancer.

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What's the purpose of a tissue biopsy?
To diagnose cancer
In a tissue biopsy, a doctor takes a sample of the skin in question. Then, a lab technician will analyze the tissue to determine whether cancer is present.
To spread skin cancer

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What does basal-cell skin cancer look like?
A piece of your Big Mac from lunch
A lumpy red blood vessel
Basal-cell skin cancer looks like a lumpy little blood vessel on the surface of your skin. These little lumps are painless, but they are a very bad sign.
A small happy face

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About _____ of all Americans who live to age 65 will develop some type of skin cancer.
5 percent
50 percent
Skin cancer is very, very common in the United States. Nearly half of all Americans who live to 65 will have some sort of skin cancer.
93 percent

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About one-third of melanomas develop from what?
Viruses
Moles
You should not ignore moles on your skin, particularly if they change. About a third of melanomas arise from seemingly innocuous skin moles.
Melons

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Who is more vulnerable to skin cancer?
People with black skin
People with light skin
People with fair (light) skin are magnets for skin cancer. If you have light skin, you're at a much greater risk of skin damage in the sun.
People with blue skin

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How dangerous are basal- and squamous-cell cancers?
Not very dangerous
Basal- and squamous-cell cancers are pretty common. But fortunately, they don't often kill their victims. They are usually curable.
Give up and call the funeral home

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Skin cancer accounts for what percentage of cancers worldwide?
About 5 percent
About 10 percent
About 40 percent
It's easily the most common type of cancer. Skin cancer accounts for about 40 percent of all cancers that occur each year around the world.

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If you develop melanoma, what are your chances of survival?
About 1 percent
About 5 percent
About 90 percent
Melanoma is a scary and fast-spreading cancer. But if it's caught early, about 90 percent of people will live for at least half a decade following diagnosis.

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What's one characteristic of basal-cell skin cancer?
The tissue in question is often translucent
In basal-cell skin cancer, the lesion will often be transclucent. It's frequently a sign of cancer.
The tissue turns black and smells horrible
The tissue glows in the dark

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What does it mean if a cancer "metastasizes"?
It's cold to the touch
It spreads
A cancer that metastasizes is bad news. It means that it's spreading to other parts of the body, and if it goes unchecked, it can kill you.
It provides people with superpowers

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What's a common characteristic of melanoma?
It's not at all painful
It metastasizes
Melanoma isn't as common as other skin cancers, but it's more dangerous because it often spreads. Untreated, it can spread like wildfire through the body, causing an agonizing death.
It kills people in 24 hours or less

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True or false, can tanning beds cause skin cancer?
true
This one is old news. Tanning beds unleash a torrent of damaging UV rays upon your skin. They absolutely can cause skin cancer. The only question is: is your vanity worth your life?
false

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What is NOT a potential sign of skin cancer?
Heart palpitations
Heart palpitations are definitely a bad sign, but not because of skin cancer. Discoloration, moles that change, weird lesions on the skin ... these are all signs that maybe you need to see a doctor.
Skin discoloration
Ulceration on the skin

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How much does the United States spend each year to treat skin cancer?
About $900 million
About $8 billion
Skin cancer doesn't just take a toll on individuals, it's a burden to the medical system. The United States alone spends about $8 billion to fight skin cancer.
About $12 trillion

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What does melanoma typically look like?
Doughnuts
Bears
Black or brown splotches
Melanoma typically looks like black or brown splotches on the skin. These cancers have jagged borders and they look like they are up to no good, because they are.

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Most basal-cell skin cancers are found where?
On the elbows
On parts of the face exposed to the sun
Basal-cell skin cancers are often a result of sun damage. They'll frequently appear on parts of the face that are exposed to the sun.
On the toes

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What's one sign of squamous-cell skin cancer?
Bleeding sores
Squamous-cell skin cancer can be downright ominous in appearance. Sometimes, it will feature sores that bleed.
Stomach aches
Yellow eyes

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About how many Americans will die of melanoma in 2017?
About 200
About 10,000
Melanoma is an aggressive form of skin cancer. In 2017, researchers expect that about 10,000 people will die from melanoma.
About 20 million

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What's the most common form of treatment for the majority of skin cancers?
Doctors cut it out
For most cancers, doctors resort to a scalpel. They'll cut out the cancer and hope that it doesn't recur.
Tanning beds
X-rays

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What's one mistake that people make when using sunscreen?
They don't apply it often enough
Sunscreen is one of those products that's good to use in massive quantities. Many people use too little and don't apply it often enough throughout the day.
They use too much
They rub it in their hair like shampoo

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True or false, does smoking increase your chance of skin cancer?
true
Smoking is one of the worst habits ever devised by humans. It's terrible for your health in general, and yes, it will even increase your odds of developing skin cancer.
false

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You Got:
/30

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