The Ultimate Wild Wilderness Quiz

The Ultimate Wild Wilderness Quiz
Image: Danita Delimont/Gallo Images/Getty Images

About This Quiz

Wild Wilderness was established to battle plans to develop public lands and thereby destroy their wilderness appeal for the public. The organization discovered that in many cases the government was slipping through legislation that could destroy wilderness areas in favor of commercial development. Take our quiz to learn more about preserving wilderness areas.
What is a trend that Wild Wilderness finds disturbing?
defoliation
urbanization
commercialization
For nearly two decades, Wild Wilderness has been fighting against the commercializing of natural wilderness, such as keeping a favorite wilderness camping spot turned into an RV park.

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In what year was Wild Wilderness founded?
1980
1986
1991
Wild Wilderness began in 1991, when residents of Bend, Oregon, began attending local forest service meetings. Their purpose was to prevent the government from quietly creating legislation affecting access to the wilderness.

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What was the first battle fought by Wild Wilderness?
changing a ski and snowshoeing area to a motorized SnoPark
In 1994, the Forest Service in Oregon developed plans that would have turned a favorite winter recreation area into a motorized SnoPark, making it unsafe for families to ski and snowshoe in the area. If Wild Wilderness had not learned of the proposal by attending meetings, it would have been approved without any comment from the public.
turning a lakeside tenting grounds into an RV park
clear cutting on a 30-acre public forest

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How long did it take Wild Wilderness to win the battle against the motorized SnoPark?
one year
two years
Wild Wilderness focused public attention on the issue for nearly two years. Not only is there no additional snowmobile parking at this location today, but as a result of input received through the public comment process, all marked Nordic Trails have since been closed to snowmobile use.
three years

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What private organization did Wild Wilderness discover was pushing federal legislation to allow its members to develop public lands for profit?
American Recreation Coalition
Wild Wilderness learned that the American Recreation Coalition was pushing federal legislation that would allow its members to develop public lands for private profit. ARCs members represent only motorized recreation interests and the legislation they were pushing favors motorized sports over undeveloped recreation.
Outdoor Entrepreneurs Association
American Motorized Campers Association

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How many equipment manufactures and motorized recreational groups are members in the American Recreation Collation?
more than 100
more than 120
more than 130
According to commondreams.org, ARC, a fervent supporter of the initial fees program, is a 130-member coalition of recreational, motorized user groups and equipment manufacturers. Their goal is to circumvent and eventually repeal the long-standing legal prohibitions on charging for recreation on federally owned lands.

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Who is the executive director of Wild Wilderness?
Joseph Gold
Jonathan Tin
Scott Silver
The executive director of Wild Wilderness is Scott Silver and can be contacted at www.wildwilderness.org.

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What is a prime target that Wild Wilderness wants to repeal?
Fee-Demo program
Wild Wilderness launched a campaign to bring about awareness of, and repeal, the Recreation Fee Demonstration Program, known as Fee-Demo. This provision, inserted into the Interior Appropriation Bill, authorized four agencies to charge fees for recreational activities on public land.
Pay-Per-Use program
User-Must-Pay program

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When was the Fee-Demo program enacted?
1990
1996
Fee-Demo began in 1996 and has been joined by numerous pro-privatization groups that support recreation user fees.
2000

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How many government agencies were authorized to implement and charge user fees for public land use?
three
four
The four federal agencies are the Bureau of Land Management, the U.S. Forest Service, the National Park Service and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
five

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How many conservation and recreation groups protested against the enactment of the Fee-Demo proposal?
more than 200
about 250
more than 300
According to Wild Wilderness, Fee-Demo passed into law despite the objections of more than 300 conservation and recreation groups.

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What government organization first expressed interest in charging fees for public land use?
Outdoor Recreation Resources Review Commission
The roots of Fee-Demo began in 1962, when the Outdoor Recreation Resources Review Commission (ORRRC) noted that tourism and recreation on American public lands was an item of economic interest.
Senate Appropriations Committee
Department of Rural Business and Cooperative Affairs

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What was the first legislation that allowed user fees because of the ORRRC report?
the National State Reserve Act
the Land and Water Conservation Act
The ORRRC report led to legislation such as the Land and Water Conservation Act, which included a provision for charging fees in hopes of cutting government support costs for land management.
the National State Park Recovery Act

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What are the purposes of the Wild Wilderness organization?
to advocate, educate, and c­ommunicate
Wild Wilderness works to advocate, educate and communicate in an effort to boost non-motorized recreation and to oppose the commercial development of wild areas.
to identify, lobby, and defend
both of the above

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How does Wild Wilderness define wilderness values?
solitude and naturalness
inspiration and challenge
all of the above
The group values solitude, naturalness, inspiration and challenge, and seeks to protect and enhance those virtues. The people whose interests they strive to protect include mountaineers, bird-watchers, stream anglers, hikers and backcountry skiers.

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Who said this: "Some at least of the forest reserves should afford perpetual protection to the native flora and fauna...and free camping grounds for the ever increasing numbers of men and women...[They] should be set apart forever for the use and benefit of our people as a whole and not sacrificed to the shortsighted greed of a few."
John Muir
Theodore Roosevelt
The statement was made by President Theodore Roosevelt in his 1901 address to Congress.
William Bartram

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When was the Wild Wilderness Web site created?
1997
To further its goal of educating and communicating, Wild Wilderness opened a Web site in 1997, when the group moved from a local to a national agenda.
1994
1991

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What does the Wild wilderness Web site encourage its readers to do?
activism
The site encourages activism to combat the commercializing of the nation's natural heritage. Although focused on the United States, its ideas can be applied anywhere citizens want to conserve their natural environment.
passive aggression
public protests of government offices

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What does the group suggest that citizens do when faced with pay-to-play fees in wilderness areas?
set up petition booths for visitors to sign
public protests that block entrances
civil disobedience
Wild Wilderness urges civil disobedience with regard to paying fees in wilderness areas. They recommend that their "No trail fee$" stickers, which are offered free of charge on the Web site, be displayed in car windshields in place of official stickers.

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What is the name of the law that former president George W. Bush signed that allows fees for special recreation, standard amenity fees, and expanded amenities fees?
Recreation Access Tax (RAT)
Federal Lands Recreation Enhancement Act (REA)
both of the above
The Federal Lands Recreation Enhancement Act (REA) provides for charging fees for "special recreation," such as shooting ranges, "standard amenity fees," such as visitor centers, and "expanded amenities," including highly developed boat launches. Opponents of the act referred to it as RAT, a fictional acronym for Recreation Access Tax.

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You Got:
/20
Danita Delimont/Gallo Images/Getty Images

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