Salem and Sabbats: The History of Witchcraft Quiz
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About This Quiz
Many myths surround the practice of witchcraft and Wicca. Separate fact from fiction with this spellbinding quiz.
In which year did witchcraft become a crime in England?
In 1542, witchcraft became a crime prosecuted by the state in England.
True or false: Male practitioners of witchcraft are called warlocks.
Both male and female practitioners of witchcraft are called witches. The term warlock comes from an Old English word meaning liar, traitor or oath-breaker and is often misused to describe a male practitioner of witchcraft.
Between the 15th and 18th centuries, how many Europeans were accused of witchcraft?
Approximately 100,000 people were accused of witchcraft across Europe between the 15th and 18th centuries.
How many Europeans were executed between the 15th and 18th centuries after being accused of witchcraft?
Approximately 40,000 to 50,000 Europeans were executed after being accused of witchcraft between the 15th century and 18th century.
Which book inspired witch hunts during the Renaissance period in Europe?
"The Meaning of Witchcraft"
"Malleus Maleficarum" gave instructions for identifying, interrogating and convicting witches.
When was the book "Malleus Maleficarum" written?
The book "Malleus Maleficarum" was written in 1486 by Heinrich Kramer and Jacob Sprenger and published in 1487 in Germany.
Which pope authorized the inquisitors Heinrich Kramer and Jacob Sprenger to combat witchcraft?
In 1484, Pope Innocent VIII issued a document condemning witchcraft and authorized Kramer and Sprenger to eliminate witchcraft.
What does "Malleus Maleficarum" translate to in English?
The English translation of "Malleus Maleficarum" is "The Hammer of Witches."
What percentage of Europeans accused of witchcraft were women?
More than 70 percent of the Europeans accused of witchcraft were women, especially older widows without families.
Which new-at-the-time technology helped spread witch hysteria across Europe during the Renaissance?
The printing press, which was new technology during the Renaissance, was invented by Johannes Gutenberg between 1440 and 1450. The printing press helped spread witch hunt hysteria across Europe during the Renaissance by making information on witches widely available.
When did the Salem witch trials begin?
The Salem witch trials began in the spring of 1692.
Which religious group did most Salem residents belong to?
Most of the residents of Salem were members of the Puritan religion.
What is the name of the first Salem resident to be convicted of witchcraft?
Bishop died by hanging in June 1692.
Which woman is NOT one of the two original accusers in the Salem witch trials?
Williams and Parris were the two original accusers during the Salem witch trials. Prynne is a character accused of witchcraft in "The Scarlet Letter" by Nathaniel Hawthorne.
Who was the Puritan minister of Salem Village at the time of the witch trials?
Parris also was the father of Elizabeth Parris and the uncle of Abigail Williams, the two original accusers.
True or false: William Griggs, a local Salem doctor, diagnosed two girls accused of witchcraft with a seizure disorder.
Griggs diagnosed two girls as suffering from bewitchment. The girls had exhibited symptoms such as violent contractions and fits of uncontrollable screaming.
In which colony was the village of Salem located?
The village of Salem was located in the Massachusetts colony. The village where the witch trials took place is the present-day town of Danvers, Massachusetts.
How many people were accused of witchcraft during the Salem witch trials?
More than 150 people were accused of being witches during the Salem witch trials.
Who was the judge that presided over the Salem witch trials?
Chief Justice William Stoughton controversially allowed spectral evidence in the trials.
How many people were executed as a result of the Salem witch trials?
Twenty people were executed as a result of the Salem witch trials. One man was crushed to death by stones, and 19 were executed by hanging.
In which month in 1692 did the Massachusetts governor disband the court responsible for the Salem witch trials?
In October 1692, Massachusetts Gov. William Phipps disbanded the court responsible for the Salem witch trials. The remaining accused, who were awaiting trial and execution, were pardoned and released.
Which Shakespearean play features three witches?
"Macbeth," written by William Shakespeare in 1606, features three witches.
Who is considered by many to be the "father of modern witchcraft"?
The British author Gerald Gardner is considered by many to be the "father of modern witchcraft."
What is the Wiccan calendar called?
The Wiccan calendar is called the Wheel of the Year.
How many sabbats, or religious celebrations, are featured in the Wiccan Wheel of the Year?
The eight sabbats commemorate phases of the changing seasons such as equinoxes and solstices.
Which book served as inspiration for the modern Wicca religion?
The book "Witchcraft Today," written by Gerald Gardner, inspired the modern Wicca religion.
When was the book "Witchcraft Today" published?
The book "Witchcraft Today" was published in 1954, shortly after the repeal of English witch laws in 1951.
What is a group of Wicca followers called?
A group of Wicca followers is called a coven.
True or false: The Wiccan sabbat of Samhain is commonly known to non-Wiccans as Halloween.
Most people know Samhain, a sabbat celebrating the darker part of the year, as "Halloween."
Witches have often been represented as skyclad. What does this mean?
The term "skyclad" means "naked." Witches are often depicted as celebrating in the nude, and while some witches may practice skyclad worship, many do not.
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