How Well Do You Know Ancient Greek Gods and Goddesses?

By: Talin Vartanian

How Well Do You Know Ancient Greek Gods and Goddesses?
Image: Photography by Jeremy Villasis. Philippines/Moment/Getty Images

About This Quiz

Ancient gods and goddesses make up an interesting mythological aspect of our history and are said to have once ruled our world. Famous gods and goddesses include Zeus, Aphrodite, Hades and Hermes, but there are other ancient figures to be studied as well!

Here's a fun fact for the day: Did you know that Nike (the popular shoe brand) was actually the name for the "winged goddess?" She was known for her athletic abilities and was the daughter of Styx and Pallas, who was a Titan. Other goddesses were known for childbirth, fertility and love. For example, Aphrodite was the goddess of love, while Eileithyia was the goddess of childbirth.

It's also important to note that Chaos was considered to be the first god to ever exist, and that everything we know of today originated from Chaos. He first created the five deities, which are night, darkness, Earth, love and the Underworld. From there, the Ocean, Heavens and light were also created. Other famous ancient gods include Apollo, Ares, Atlas and Deimos.

This quiz will look at 35 different gods and goddesses who were said to have ruled over various aspects of our world during mythological times. Think you can name them all? Try this quiz now to find out!

Which of these gods was the god of war?
Ares
Ares was the god of war and was also symbolized as a spear and a helmet. Thrace was his place of origin.
Apollo
Artemis
Hermes

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Who created Tartarus (otherwise known as the 'Underworld')?
Kratos
Chaos
Chaos created five deities, which were darkness, night, Earth, love and the Underworld (also known as Tartarus). He's also considered to be the first gods to ever exist, since everything was born from Chaos.
Hypnos
Hermes

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Who was the twin brother of Polydeuces (otherwise known as Pollux)?
Glaucus
Hades
Castor
Castor and Polydeuces were twin brothers who shared different fathers but the same mother. Their mother was Leda; Polydeuces' father was Zeus, and Castor's father was Tyndareus, a mortal.
Eros

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"The East Wind" is a nickname given to which of these gods?
Eros
Erebus
Helios
Eurus
Nicknamed The East Wind, Eurus was known for the "unlucky east wind." He was also known as Anemoi.

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Which of these gods ruled over the Underworld?
Hades
Hades ruled over the Underworld, as well as the "Dead," and the "Riches." He was the child of Cronus and Rhea.
Hypnos
Hermes
Ares

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Who was the god of sleep?
Deimos
Hypnos
The god of sleep was Hypnos, who was the child of night (Nyx) and darkness (Erebus). These two deities were created by Chaos.
Oceanus
Notus

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This god ruled over multiple things, such as poetry, music and medicine. Can you name him?
Aristaeus
Alastor
Apollo
Apollo ruled over many things, such poetry, medicine, music, light and archery. He also had a twin sister named Artemis.
Aether

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Who was the father of Zeus?
Crios
Dinlas
Deimos
Cronus
Cronus and Rhea were Zeus' parents and were both Titans. Cronus also ruled over the cosmos during the Golden Age.

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The god of terror and dread was…?
Glaucus
Erebus
Eros
Deimos
Deimos was the god of terror and dread and was the son of Ares, the god of war. Deimos is also the name of one of Mars' moons.

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Which of these gods was known for wine-making?
Dionysus
Also known as Aesymnetes, Dionysus was known for wine-making and the harvest of grapes. His parents were Zeus and Semele, who was a mortal.
Eurus
Hesperus
Hymenaios

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Phosphorus and Hesperus were the sons of…?
Amphitrite
Eos
Eos was known as the "dawn goddess" and had several children, including two sons: Phosphorus, the "morning star," and Hesperus, the "evening star."
Antheia
Lachesis

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"The South Wind" is a reference to which of these gods?
Momus
Kratos
Notus
Notus ruled over the South Winds and was the child of Eos and Astraios. His Roman name was Auster.
Nereus

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Who was the goddess of the sun?
Amphitrite
Antheia
Alectrona
Alectrona was the daughter of Rhode and Helios and was known as the goddess of the sun. She was also nicknamed Electryone.
Aphaea

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Apate was the child of…?
Morpheus
Kratos
Notus
Nyx
Nyx was one of five deities created by Chaos, and she was known as the goddess of the night. One of her children was Apate, the goddess of deceit.

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Which of these gods was NOT created by Chaos?
Fruit
Chaos was responsible for creating various deities, but Fruit was not one of them. He created love, night, darkness, Earth, the Underworld and eventually, light, the Ocean and the Heavens.
Night
Darkness
Love

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Which of these goddesses was the "Sister of War?"
Enyo
Enyo was nicknamed as the "sister of war" and fought battles with Ares, who was the god of war. Her parents were Hera and Zeus.
Hecate
Hebe
Euterpe

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Which of these goddesses was the "mother goddess?"
Harmonia
Hygea
Iris
Gaea
Gaea was actually one of the deities created by Chaos and was known as Earth. This is why she has the name "Mother Earth" or "mother goddess."

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Who was NOT a virgin goddess?
Artemis
Hestia
Athena
Selene
Selene was not a virgin goddess, but Athena, Artemis and Hestia were. Selene also embodied the personification of the moon.

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The goddess of motherhood was…?
Pheme
Polyhymnia
Thalia
Rhea
Rhea was known for multiple aspects of motherhood, including fertility and comfort. She was also the wife of Cronus.

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Who was NOT one of the nine Muses?
Thalia
Terpsichore
Tyche
Tyche was not one of the nine Muses, but she was the goddess of fortune. Other Muses included Melpomene, Euterpe and Clio.
Urania

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Who was NOT part of the Graces?
Aglaea
Sterope
The Graces consisted of Aglaea, Euphrosyne and Thalia, and represented several feminine traits, including beauty and elegance. Sterope was King Oenomaus' wife.
Euphrosyne
Thalia

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The River Styx was overlooked by which of these goddesses?
Styx
Styx overlooked the "River Styx," and was the daughter of Oceanus and Tethys. She also had several children with Pallas, who was a Titan.
Terpsichore
Kotys
Keres

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Who was the god of love?
Eurus
Hades
Hermes
Eros
Eros was the god of love and commonly referred to as Cupid. He's also typically portrayed with a bow and arrow.

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Who was the "guide to the Underworld?"
Helios
Hephaestus
Heracles
Hermes
Hermes was known for several things, such as being a god of travelers and thieves, as well as being a source to the Underworld. His Roman name was Mercury.

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Which of these gods was known for his physical strength?
Hesperus
Heracles
If you're familiar with Hercules, Heracles was the same version of him in Greek mythology. His parents were Zeus and Alcmene.
Hymenaios
Paean

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Metalworking and fire were personified by…?
Pallas
Hephaestus
Hephaestus was responsible for fire, metalworking and sculptures. He was also named Amphigúeis and was symbolized as a hammer.
Notus
Pan

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What was the name of the doctor who treated Olympian gods?
Pontus
Pollux
Paean
Olympian gods were in the care of Paean, whose name means "healing." He was also said to treat Ares and Hades.
Triton

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Who was NOT a child of Styx?
Nike
Kratos
Zelus
Helios
The four children of Styx were Zelus, Nike, Kratos and Bia. Helios was the god of the sun, and his parents were Theia and Hyperion.

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Which goddess overlooked marriage and the Heavens?
Hera
Known as the "Queen of Heaven," Hera overlooked marriage, birth and the Heavens. She also had several children with Zeus, including Ares, Eris and Enyo.
Hecate
Hemera
Euterpe

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Which of these goddesses was the personification of childbirth?
Doris
Elpis
Eileithyia
Eileithyia was the personification of childbirth and the child of Hera and Zeus. She also had several siblings, including Ares, Eris and Hephaestus.
Electra

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The goddess of nature and mountains was…?
Demeter
Clotho
Harmonia
Cybele
Cybele was the goddess of various aspects of nature, including mountains and animals. She was also symbolized as a cymbal.

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Thesmophoros was another name for which of these goddesses?
Demeter
Demeter had the name Thesmophoros and was the goddess of agriculture. She was also the child of Cronus and Rhea.
Hera
Hestia
Iris

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Which of these goddesses embodied the rainbow?
Circe
Iris
Iris was a goddess who embodied the rainbow and was viewed as a bridge between Mount Olympus and the mortal world. She was also the assistant of Hera.
Clio
Elpis

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Venus was the Roman name for which of these goddesses?
Demeter
Iris
Aphrodite
Aphrodite had the Roman name Venus and was considered to be the goddess of love. She was also depicted as a dove.
Harmonia

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Which of these goddesses had the nickname "Winged Goddess?"
Bia
Atropos
Doris
Nike
You might be familiar with Nike as a popular brand of shoes, but did you know that the name stems from the "winged goddess" Nike? She was the daughter of Pallas and Styx and was known for her athletic abilities.

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